Effect of combined methods of rehabilitation on respiratory system of overtrained athletes

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Abstract


Aim. Study of changes of athletes’ respiratory system developing after overtraining and its recovery due to combined rehabilitation (with the use of anti-gravity treadmill).

Methods. The control group (group 1) included active athletes - 35 people (with traditional training). All athletes with overtraining (group 2) were divided into two subgroups: group 2A (23 people) - overtrained athletes after combined rehabilitation (anti-gravity treadmill in combination with the traditional training) and group 2B (24 people) - overtrained athletes who had traditional rehabilitation. The stress test was carried out on a stationary KETTLER exercise bike (Germany).

Results. All parameters of external respiration function at rest in athletes of group 2A were statistically significantly higher than those of the athletes from group 2B. In athletes from group 2A peak expiratory flow rate achieved during the forced inspiration and expiration at rest were higher than those of athletes fron group 2B. After physical exertion all of the above mentioned parameters of external respiration function in athletes from group 2A were higher than in group 2B (p <0.05) both due to improved bronchial patency and increased capacity parameters that reflect restrictive lung properties.

Conclusion. Inclusion of anti-gravity treadmill into the program of combined rehabilitation for overtrained athletes provides significant improvement of external respiration function - increased restrictive and obstructive parameters of the lungs.


E A Abbasova

Author for correspondence.
nigarbabayeva1985@gmail.com
National Institute of Sports Medicine, Diagnostics and Rehabilitation Baku, Azerbaijan

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