Modern forms of dental preventive care for children

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Abstract


Diseases of teeth and oral cavity have a high prevalence in pediatric population. In adolescents of 15-17 years, the incidence of caries in permanent teeth is higher than in children of 0-14 years. Epidemiological studies of dental health of children in various regions of the Russian Federation in 2010-2015 years showed no tendency to decrease the level of diseases of mouth and teeth. Prevalence and intensity of diseases remains at a high level. More than 80% of the surveyed children are in need of complex dental treatment. The current situation of pathology of teeth and mouth in children is due to several reasons such as low level of hygiene education, environmental degradation, poor nutrition, presence of chronic diseases, among older children, the presence of harmful habits, health-care organizations lack of effective preventive work. In turn, untreated inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and teeth, being the source of the infection, may lead to somatic pathology of different organs and systems. The existing organization of children dental care is focused more on treatment than on prevention of diseases of teeth and oral cavity. As a rule, parents bring children to dental clinic for treatment of already developed disease. Referrals to the dentist for preventive measures are rare. In this regard, it is necessary to develop new organizational forms of dental care, from the point of view of the preventive orientation, close to children's educational organization.


Andrey V. Kim

Author for correspondence.
avkim69@mail.ru
St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Department of Social Pediatrics and Public Health Organization AF and DPO

Alexander L. Rubezhov

socp_ozz@mail.ru
St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Social Pediatrics and Public Health Organization AF and DPO

Tatiana M. Koloskova

t.koloskova@stoma9.ru
Dental polyclinic No 9
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Childrens department

Sergey I. Bezhenar

socp_ozz@mail.ru
St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Assistant Professor, Department of Social Pediatrics and Public Health Organization AF and DPO

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