SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH DISLOCATION OF HEAD OF THE ARM AND ROTATIONAL CONTRACTURE OF THE FOREARM WITH BIRTH PALSY OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY

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Abstract


Introduction. The obstetrical upper limb paralysis and its sequelae are an actual problem of pediatric orthopedics and traumatology. Relevance of the problem is due to high incidence of this disease and increase of child disability. Purpose. To present the method of treating patients with a dislocated radius head and forearm rotation contracture in birth paralysis of the upper extremity. ^Materials and Methods. This article presents the clinical material on the survey in the Institute and the surgical treatment of 12 patients aged from three to 15 years with the pathology of the elbow and forearm, developed after the obstetrical upper limb paralysis. Results. We present the clinical picture, diagnostic methods, indications to surgical treatment, as well as new and effective methods of performing the proximal radioulnar joint arthrodesis in young children with obstetrical paralysis of the upper extremity. The use of surgical methods of treatment in such patients has improved the function of the arm and self-care in 95 per cent of cases, reduced their disability and increased their choice for occupation activities.

Nikolai Alexandrovich Ovsyankin

FSBI “Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics n. a. G. I. Turner” under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

MD, DMedSc, Professor, Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation, chief research associate of the department of trauma effects and rheumatoid arthritis

Natalia Anatolievna Naumochkina

nan79_spb@inbox.ru
FSBI “Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics n. a. G. I. Turner” under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

MD, PhD student of the department of trauma effects and rheumatoid arthritis

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