Change in affordability of medications in Kazan in 2011 and 2015 as a reflection of state initiatives to regulate drug prices

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Abstract


Aim. Performing comparative analysis of drug prices in 2011 and 2015 in Kazan to assess the effectiveness of state initiatives to ensure the affordability of medicines.

Methods. The collection and processing of data was performed according to methodology developed by Health Action International and World Health Organization (WHO/HAI). We studied the availability and prices of 30 medicines in public and private pharmacies in Kazan in 2011 and 2015 and analyzed the procurement prices of the same medicines in inpatient hospitals. Recording and analysis were performed using standardized MS Excel WHO/HAI Workbook. Medicine prices were compared with international reference prices and were expressed as median price ratio.

Results. The analysis showed a decrease in medicine prices in 2015 compared to 2011. In public and private sectors median price ratio of the originator brands reduced by about 3 times, and of the lowest price generics reduced by 1.5 times. A decrease in procurement prices by more than 2 times for generics and more than 6 times for the original brands was also revealed in 2015 in comparison with 2011.

Conclusion. State initiatives to regulate drug prices contributed to the price reduction by 1.5-3 times in 2015 compared to 2011; changes in the procedures for the medicines procurement at the legislative level resulted in reduction of procurement prices by more than 2 times for generic drugs in 2015 compared to 2011.


Ch M Razzakova

Author for correspondence.
chinara345@mail.ru
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology Kazan, Russia

L E Ziganshina

chinara345@mail.ru
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology Kazan, Russia

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© 2017 Razzakova C.M., Ziganshina L.E.

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