Evaluation of the syndrome of functional deficit in elderly with non-oncological pathology

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Abstract


Aim. Comparative analysis of the profile of integral functional disorders and the degree of their deficit in elderly patients after stroke and in chronic heart failure functional class III-IV. Methods. Physical exam and interviews were used during comprehensive geriatric assessment with the analysis of the degree of functional disorders according to PULSES Profile scale and the degree of asthenia in the elderly. Results. The analysis of the degree of functional disorders in elderly and senile patients showed the diversity of issues that should be considered when providing medical and social care. In a moderate functional deficit in patients after stroke emotional and intellectual disorders prevailed - 47.2±0.1 cases, as well as upper extremities dysfunction - 29.9±0.2, and lower extremities dysfunction - 27.6±0.2. In severe heart failure inability to control excretory functions is predominant - 14.6±0.2 patients. Severe functional disorders prevailed in patients with consequences of stroke, which manifested as upper extremities dysfunction - 21.3 cases; lower extremities dysfunction - 22 cases; in severe heart failure communication disorders were prevalent - 6.4 cases. Conclusion. The more severe degree of functional deficit correlating with a high need for palliative medical and social care was observed more frequently in patients after stroke with prevailing upper and lower extremities dysfunction, while in chronic heart failure functional class III-IV communication disorders were predominant.

I P Ponomareva

shepeleva.ponomareva@yandex.ru
Belgorod State National Research University Belgorod, Russia

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