Tekhnologiya kholodil'nogo khraneniya tsitrusovykh plodov klementinov i ortanik s primeneniem biopreparatov


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Abstract

The paper cites the investigations results concerning the impact of treatment of Clementine and Ortanique citrus fruits with biological preparations based on Pseudomonas and Bacillus bacteriaantagonists during storage at two temperature regimes. It is shown that the treatment of Clementine and Ortanique fruits with biopreparations slows down physiological and biochemical processes, and consequently preserves as much as possible nutritive and biologically active substances at prolonged storage life. Kinetic regularities of change of the organic acids, monoand disaccharides content during storage were identified. Phytopathological and physiological diseases of fruits depending on storage regime and biopreparations type were defined. It is recommended to treat fruits with biopreparations based on bacteriaantagonists Bacillus subtilis Ч13 (titre 0,5·108 cell/ml) and Pseudomonas asplenii RF13H (titre 0,5·108 cell/ml) to preserve the quality and nutritive value. It is preferable to store the Ortanique fruits treated at varying regime: at the beginning during 20-25 days the temperature should be 9±1 оС, then during 35-40 days - 4±1 оC. It is recommended to store Clementine fruits at above cited varying regime as well as at constant temperature 4±1 оС during 60-70 days. Keywords: clementines; ortaniques; biopreparations; cold storage, temperature, organic acids; monoand disaccharides.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Kolodyaznaya V.S., Bul'kran M.S.

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