Vol XLVII, No 2 (2015)

Articles
PSYCHIATRY IN ADDICTION MEDICINE’S ERA: NEW DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC REALITIES
Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analysis of new psychiatric reality. It is noted that for the last decades the ratio of incidence of mental and addictive disorders which makes one to two has now cardinally changed. The increase in number of psychotic disorders, owing to the use of “new (design) drugs” without dependence signs is noted. The problem of frequency rising of shizophrenoformic psychotic disorders needs special studying. The analysis of a possible role of cannabins and psychostimulans in a schizophrenia etiopathogenesis is important. The question of ethical validity and expediency of studying of therapeutic effects of psychoactive drugs in cases of resistant psychopathological symptoms needs closer attention too.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):5-15
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SOCIAL FACTORS AND LIFE QUALITY OF PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Lugovtsova J.A.
Abstract
The influence of some social factors and medical- social status of families on quality of life of 45 patients - people with an established diagnosis of multiple sclerosis -has been studied. The effect of the quality of life, especially the psychological component, is made by social factors such as employment, material wealth, marital status, medical and social profile of the family of the patient with multiple sclerosis.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):16-20
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CORRELATION OF AGGRESSION AND REGIONAL GLUCOSE METABOLISM RATES OF PATIENTS WITH EPILEPSY
Susin D.S., Kataeva G.V., Reznikova T.N., Seliverstova N.A., Plotnikova I.V., Lytaev S.A.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the investigation of the interconnection of and the regional glucose metabolism rates of the human brain in the patients with epilepsy. We have managed to reveal that epileptic patients in the quiet wake state demonstrate a rise of different types of aggression, which is mostly correlated with the glucose metabolism change in the left hemisphere of brain. With the rise of physical and verbal aggression, the increase of the left parietal lobe metabolic rate and the decrease of the left occipital cortex metabolic rate have been registered. Enhanced hostility, soreness, negativism, and suspicion are correlated with the decrease of the left prefrontal cortex glucose metabolism rate.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):21-25
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NEUROLOGICAL DEFICIT IN PATIENTS AFTER REMOVAL OF BRAIN TUMORS USING HIGH-TECH METHODS AND OPTIMIZATION OF NEUROSURGICAL TREATMENT OF THIS GROUP OF PATIENTS
Gabidullin A.F., Danilov V.I., Alekseev A.G.
Abstract
The analysis of functional outcomes, as well as the structure of needs in the neurorehabilitation of patients operated on for a brain tumor in 2013 at the Department of Neurosurgery of the Interregional clinical and diagnostic center has been performed. Conclusions on the volume and characteristics of postoperative rehabilitation of patients in this group have been made.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):26-29
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THE ANALYSIS OF IMPULSIVITY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE PERSONALITY
Korolenko C.P., Shpiks T.A.
Abstract
The three forms of the impulsivity are revealed and analyzed: (1) the impulsivity as reaction on the psychotraumatic events that harms the narcissistic image of the grandiosity; (2) the impulsivity as the result of the impact of unconscious triggers in the childhood, and (3) the impulsivity as the end reaction of the accumulation of many micro traumatic episodes that reflect the content of the traumatic episodes during the relative long periods of life. The role of the unsatisfactory mentalization as a significant factor in the appearance of the impulsivity is established. The necessity of the correction of the impulsivity in the process of psychodynamic psychotherapy for the prevention of its dangerous consequences is emphasized.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):30-33
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DISSOCIATIVE MECHANISMS OF INFRINGEMENT OF PERSONAL IDENTITY OF PEOPLE WITH DRUG DEPENDENCE
Zapesotskaya I.V., Nikishina V.B., Akhmetzyanova A.I.
Abstract
There have been studied the results of study of dissociative mechanisms of infringement of personal identity of people with drug abuse. Use of narcotic substances at any stage of development of the personality distorts the process of shaping its identity, giving rise to the additive identity for which the drug substance becomes an integral part of Ego. Any dependence violates the process of identity formation.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):34-41
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PREDICTORS AND MOTIVATION OF WILLINGNESS TO UNDERGO REHABILITATION AND PREVENTION OF RECURRENT CEREBROVASCULAR EVENTS IN PATIENTS WITH BRAIN INFARCTION
Parkhomenko A.A., Kolokolov O.V., Erugina M.V.
Abstract
Advisability of individual attention to patients after brain infarction with mild neurologic deficit is shown. While developing rehabilitation program for such patients it is necessary to take into account a predictable low level of willingness to undergo rehabilitation and prevention and use additional methods of evaluation and motivation enhancing, allowing intensive control in performing rehabilitation program.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):42-46
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MOTIVATIONAL PROFILE OF CONSUMERS OF SYNTHETIC CANNABINOIDS
Patrikeeva O.N., Ovchinnikov A.A., Solovieva I.G.
Abstract
The article presents the research results of consumer smoking mixtures containing synthetic cannabinoids to view motives of drug use. It is described the structure of the initial references motives of taking drugs and their variation with further use. The data obtained can be used for a differentiated approach to the development of prevention, treatment and rehabilitation programs.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):47-51
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GOAL ATTAINMENT SCALING METHOD IN THE NEUROREHABILITATION OF STROKE PATIENTS
Grigoryeva V.N., Kalinina S.Y., Nesterova V.N., Sorokina T.A.
Abstract
The study is aimed to analyze scientific literature in the use of Goal Attainment Scaling in the rehabilitation of ischemic stroke patients. This method allows identifying goals of rehabilitation, integrating efforts of a patient and rehabilitation team members, evaluating individual results of restorative treatment, performing a comparative analysis of rehabilitation programs. There have been presented our own rehabilitation results of ischemic stroke patients and the results had been evaluated by this method.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):52-57
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SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS AND GAMBLING (FROM DSM-5 TO ICD-11)
Zobin M.L.
Abstract
The analysis of the basic innovations in the classification of substance use disorders is given in the DSM-5 in comparison with the previous (DSM-IV), the present (ICD-10) and the future (ICD-11) guidelines. Scientific discussion including substantial paramedical arguments is noted to have positive effects on productivity-enhancing clinical guidelines. It is stated that Russian narcology is low sensitive to the recent changes.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):58-67
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PRESSING QUESTIONS OF MEDICAL AND SOCIAL EXPERTISE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Sakovskaja V.G., Brovin A.N.
Abstract
Aims, tasks and modern requirements to psychologist work in bureau of medical and social expertise are discussed in connection with the last updates of current legislation. Selection of psychology of medical and social expertise as the specific direction in clinical psychology, oriented foremost on the quantitative estimation of violations of psychical functions, is grounded. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of personality changes of the examined patient. An importance of this work for social defense and rehabilitation of persons with limited possibilities is shown.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):68-71
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STRUCTURE OF ANXIETY DISORDERS AND TREATMENT COMPLIANCE OF PATIENTS WITH FUNCTIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL PATHOLOGIES
Gorjachev E.E., Kitaeva I.I.
Abstract
There were identified and considered anxiety disorders of patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. The research presents data about features of structure anxiety disorders. There were shown clinical examples. The level of adherence to therapy was established.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):72-76
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A CLINICAL CASE OF THE IDIOPATHIC SUPERFICIAL SIDEROSIS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Klocheva E.G., Goldobin V.V., Timonina O.I.
Abstract
There was presented a clinical case of a patient with superficial siderosis of the central nervous system. The presence of the clinical triad (sensorineural hearing loss, cerebellar ataxia, pyramidal symptoms), a progressive course of the disease and characteristic neuroimaging features (MRI in T2-gradient echo and SWI - Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging - MRI images, weighted by the inhomogeneity of the magnetic field) in the form of hemosiderin deposits has allowed to establish the diagnosis.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):77-81
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STUDY OF PSYCHIC REACTION PATTERNS OF CLIENTS OF BOOKMAKER OFFICES IN THE CITY OF PAVLODAR
Prilutskaya M.V.
Abstract
There was conducted an observational study in the industrial center of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Pavlodar city), the claim of which was the studying of mental reaction patterns among visitors of bookmaker offices at the moment of hazardous activity. 216 clients from 10 bookmaker offices of the city became object of the research. It was revealed that patterns of mental reaction differed among players with various risks of involvement in a pathological gambling. Players with high risk of gambling addiction were characterized by a variety of neurotic reactions in the current mental status.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):82-94
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DIAGNOSIS OF TYPE OF ATTACHMENT FOR PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOL ADDICTION
Fedotov I.A., Shustov D.I.
Abstract
The article presents based on own research and engagement of standard techniques diagnostic tool - “Attachment interview for alcohol addicts”, which allows to determine the type of attachment of patients in clinical practice.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):85-87
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SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR IN CONVICTED MALES WITH CANNABIS ADDICTION
Pronina M.Y.
Abstract
There were studied incidence, comorbidity and risk factors of cannabis addiction and its connection with suicidal behavior among 331convicted male population of penal colony of the city of Ufa. The analysis showed high comorbidity of cannabis addiction with depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Cannabis addiction can be a risk factor of suicidal behavior in male offenders.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):88-90
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MEDICO-SOCIAL CRITERIA OF BEHAVIOUR IN ALCOHOL INTOXICATION
Paramonov A.A., Soloviev A.G.
Abstract
An algorithm for estimating the subjective sensations of physiological and psychological changes under the influence of alcohol has been proposed on the basis of the subjective evaluation questionnaire and scale of the objectification of personal assessment during alcohol intoxication. The analysis of gender-sensitive responses under alcohol intoxication is described.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):91-93
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PSYCHOMETRIC INDICATORS OF INTERNET ADDICTION OF STUDENTS- COMPUTER USERS
Bakirov L.R.
Abstract
Psychometric method of flexible battery was used both for researching qualitative and quantitative features of Internet usage and attitude towards Internet; and the indicators of social adaptation, psychic health and somatization among universities students of Ufa. More than a quarter of respondents are on the eve of Internet-addiction, more than a half show the features of emotional discomfort and nearly 40% demonstrate the features of various socio-psychological disorders and their intensity. Clinical signs of anxious and depression demonstrate an imperceptible number of students-Internet users. But 40% of respondents expressed sufficient problems in neuropsychic sphere; at that the sleeplessness is prevailing. Average number of students-computer users had shown somatization features with prevailing complaints on sense of vision and fatigability, back and arm aches. Research results prove the states on features developing of computer user’s syndrome among students and register sufficient necessity of the further research of Internet-addiction behavior of students.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):94-96
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INFLUENCE OF AGGRESSION ON FORMATION OF SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE IN MALE AND FEMALE ADOLESCENTS UNDER CONDITIONS OF JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES
Nazarova I.A.
Abstract
Comparative analysis of clinical and psychodiagnostic data of 155 male and 110 female adolescents under conditions of juvenile correctional facilities was carried out. It was revealed that males as opposed to females began to use psychoactive substances earlier; and long-term substance using has provoked increase in aggressive and hostile reactions in males. Onset of substance use occurs in females in later periods than in males but nature of consumption is more variable and dynamic. The expressed aggressive features in females have promoted their involvement in drug addiction.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):97-100
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PROFESSOR VLADIMIR SERGEEVICH CHUDNOVSKY
- -.
Abstract
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(2):101
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