NOSOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF THE DISABILITY IN THE ELDERLY POPULATION OF THE ELDERLY CATEGORY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND PECULIARITIES OF REHABILITATION-EXPERT DIAGNOSTICS, REHABILITATION AND ABILITATION

Abstract


Disability of the elderly age group of the population is the most important problem of public health and social services of all developed countries over the world without exception. In the Russian Federation, this age segment is characterized by the gain, reflecting the global process of population aging. The aim of the study was to analyze the nosological structure of the primary and secondary disability in elderly people in comparison with the main age categories of the adult population in the Russian Federation and the evaluation of rehabilitation / rehabilitation activities for disabled people. The volume of the study was 34,840,933 people aged of from 18 years and over, recognized as disabled, including the disabled elderly - 12,971,062. The subject of a special study was the nature of functional disorders, the degree of the disability, the nosological spectrum of causes of the disability of elderly people and the effectiveness of implemented measures of medical and social rehabilitation (rehabilitation and expert characterization). The study was selective, the sample size account of 370 people. The results of the research demonstrate the nosological structure of the pathology, the associated types of impairments and the nature of the disability to determine the severity of the disability in elderly people, the complexity of the formation and implementation of individual programs for the rehabilitation and rehabilitation of disabled people (IPRA). The improvement of the quality of life and integrating disabled people into the society has been and remains a difficult task for rehabilitation and habilitation activities. Rehabilitation and provision of technical means of rehabilitation, to a lesser extent - social and professional rehabilitation are the most feasible for the implementation.

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About the authors

Marina A. Shurgaya

Russian Medical Academy of the Continuous Professional Education

Email: daremar@mail.ru
Moscow,125993, Russian Federation
MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Geriatrics and Medical-Social Expertise, Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation

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