Prevention of periodontal inflammatory diseases in pregnant women

Abstract


The objective of the present study was to estimate the efficacy of combined prophylaxis of periodontal inflammatory diseases in pregnant women. The study involved 95 pregnant patients aged from 17 to 36 years. Those included in the study group (group 1) were treated using a complex of preventive measures (CPM) in combination with hygienic preparations based on bee products. The women of the control group (group 2) were treated with the use of CPM alone, those of the reference group received neither CPM nor bee products. The state of the periodontium and the hygienic conditions of the oral cavity were estimated based on dental plaque index (DPI), comprehensive periodontal index (CPI) and index of prevalence and severity of gingivitis (PMA index). The results of the study indicate that the complex of preventive measures comprising professional hygienic treatment of the oral cavity, sanitary education, monitoring the oral cavity condition, and recommendations on rational nutrition makes it possible to stabilize the hygienic status of the oral cavity. However, the best results have been achieved by combining these measures with the use of hygienic preparations based on bee products. This approach resulted in the reduction of DPI, CPI, and PMA indices from the first to the third trimetser of pregnancy by 41.7%, 2.4%, and 14.7% respectively.

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