Prevalence of dental caries at the white spot stage and other dental status features of youth sport teams of professional sport clubs

Abstract


Introduction. Sporting way of life and sport nutrition affect the development of stomatognathic diseases, in particular the consumption of large amount of carbohydrates leads to fast development of caries. Objective. To estimate ofprevalence of different forms of caries among athletes. Subjects and methods. To assess the dental status of athletes 500 members of different sport clubs at the age of 17-21 years old were examined. DMF Index was evaluated, caries at the white spot stage was revealed, and the following indices were calculated: OHI-S, DMF, CPI, Silness-Loe plaque index, PMA in modification Parma, Muhlemann-Cowell bleeding index. Based on questionnaire survey peculiarities of sport nutrition and "usual" way of life of athletes were established. Results. Prevalence of dental caries of sportsmen at the age of 17-21 years old was 90%, 18% surveyed athletes had caries at the white spot stage, average DMF Index reached 5,7±0,8, moreover components "D" (3,0±1,1) and "M" (2,0) prevailed, simplified oral hygienic index OHI-S counted 2,2±0,8, Silness-Loe plaque index was stated at 2,81±0,72; periodontal indices - PMA in modification Parma was estimated as 36,72±9,18, Silness-Loe plaque index counted 2,33±0,62. Conclusion. On the basis of the research results following procedures are recommended: to conduct early treatment of dental caries at the white spot stage using medical ozone and remineralizing therapy, to sanitate oral cavity including required prosthesis, mouth protectors for dentitions and alveolar bone should be provided, besides it is also necessary to pay special attention to prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases as well as to normalise oral hygiene and to teach correct manual skills of individual oral hygiene.

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About the authors

Yuriy O. Paramonov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia

Email: paramonovy@mail.r
119991, Moscow, Russian Federation
assistant of the therapeutic dentistry department, Faculty of Dentistry, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

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