ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF PREVENTIVE EXAMINATIONS OF CHILDREN THE CITY OF SMOLENSK, HELD BY DENTISTS

Abstract


From 01.01.2018 year came into force the new order of Ministry of health of the Russian Federation «About carrying out of preventive medical examinations of minors» No. 514н, according to which the dentist is part of the medical Commission and examines children in the following life periods: 1 month, 2 years, 3 years, and then annually until the age of 17. The aim of our study was to compare the prevalence and intensity of dental caries in children, the prevalence of dental anomalies in children aged 2 years, 4 years, 6 years and 7 years, which were carried out preventive examinations in 2016 and 2017. In children aged two years, the prevalence of caries of temporary teeth increased from 14.3% in 2016 to 20.7% in 2017, the intensity of caries also increased by 2 times from 0.3 to 0.6 (p<0.05). In 2017, the prevalence of dental caries in children aged 4 years decreased by 7.4% compared to 2016 (p < 0.05). The prevalence of caries of permanent teeth at the age of 6 years in 2017 significantly decreased compared to 2016 data from 11.7% to 7.7% (p<0.05), in 7-year-olds, there was also a significant decrease in this indicator by 2 times from 5.3% in 2016 to 2.5% in 2017 (p<0.05), with the same value of the average CPI index in both groups. Preventive examinations of children allow timely detection of existing dental pathology and assess the effectiveness of dental care.

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About the authors

Olga L. Mishutina

Smolensk state medical University of the Ministry of health of Russia

Email: mishuti@yandex.ru
214019, Smolensk, Russia
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Dentistry, Smolensk State Medical University

G. V Volchenkova

Smolensk state medical University of the Ministry of health of Russia

214019, Smolensk, Russia

A. B Shashmurina

Smolensk state medical University of the Ministry of health of Russia

214019, Smolensk, Russia

References

  1. Алимова М.Я., Максимовская Л.Н., Персии Л.С., Янушевич О.О. Стоматология. Международная классификация болезней. Клиническая характеристика нозологических форм [Электронный ресурс]. М.: ГЭОТАР-Медиа; 2016. http:// www.rosmedlib.ru/book/ISBN9785970436691.html.
  2. Здоровье-21: основы политики достижения здоровья для всех в Европейском регионе ВОЗ. Европейская серия по достижению здоровья для всех № 6. Копенгаген; 1999.

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