Vol 19, No 2 (2015)

Articles
Question about the choice of settlement schemes in modeling and analysis of local features of the behavior of complex biomechanical systems
Chumachenko E.N., Olesov E.E., Bober S.A., Logashina I.V.
Abstract
Discusses the selection of the design of circuits for performing a large number of calculations the selection ofdental orthopedic treatment. It is shown that the segment of the upper molar is possible to study such artificial inclusions, as ceramic inlays, with the same degree of reliability, as well as throughout the tooth.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):4-5
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Comparative analysis of modern methods of construction of bridge dentures on the basis of zirconium dioxide
Lebedenko I.Y., Nazaryan R.G., Romankova N.V., Maksimov G.V., Vuraki N.K.
Abstract
The article presents a comparative analysis of modern methods of construction of bridge dentures on the basis of zirconium dioxide. The feasibility of applying either method of manufacture ofdentures is dictated mainly by the specific circumstances of the oral cavity. In any case, all 3 alternative manufacturing technology bridges is quite promising and allow you to get predictable results with minimal influence of the "human factor”, and further study of their clinical effectiveness in the operation - relevant direction of prosthetic dentistry.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):6-9
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The effectiveness of drugs with antiseptic and osteostimuliruyuschimi properties in the treatment of complicated caries
Zhelezny P.A., Zheleznaya A.P., Samoylov K.O.
Abstract
This study determined the clinical efficacy of the treatment of destructive forms of chronic periodontitis using "Chitosan with silver” and the calcium material "Metapeks”. The main group consisted of 56 people (122 channels), which was held conservative endodontic treatment using "Chitosan with silver”. The comparison group consisted of 42 people (92 channels), which applies to "Metapeks”. Based on the results of comparative osteodensitometry held at different times showed that the use of "chitosan silver” in the treatment of destructive forms of chronic periodontitis by 23.8% more efficient than the use of drugs based on calcium hydroxide.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):9-12
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Preferential side of chewing, chronical occlusion and cuspid yuidance are additional constituents of functional occlusion
Kibkalo A.P., Sarkisov K.A., Veysgeym L.D., Pchelin I.Y.
Abstract
On the base of extensive material the authors prove the existence of the main side of chewing at about 90% ofpeople who were examined by them. One-side chewing leads to individual characteristic of mastication with the age, which are necessary to talk into consideration during rehabilitation of masticating apparatus.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):12-14
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Clinico-morphological charecterists of jaw osteonecrosis among drug addicts
Basin E.M., Kirillov Y.A., Medvedev Y.A., Dokina E.K.
Abstract
Article describes clinic-morphological characteristics of jaw osteonecrosis among drug addicts to desomorphine. Changes in jaw bones, lymph nodes, skin and mucosa were described.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):14-17
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EHF-waves in treatment periodontitis and dentoalveolar anomalies: pathogenetic and gender specific
Kazantsev A.V., Suyetenkov D.E., Firsova I.V.
Abstract
The aim was to study gender-specific impact of combined treatment with EHF-therapy on rheological properties of blood in patients with chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) mild to moderate severity and dentoalveolar anomalies and deformations. Material and Methods: We studied 80 patients (43.8% male) with CGP and dentoalveolar anomalies and deformations aged 42 ± 5 years. 41 patients (43.9% male) have mild severity of CGP, and 39 patients (43.6% male) have moderate severity. 40 healthy adults (50% male), aged 31 ± 7 years, were studied also. We evaluated dynamics of plasma viscosity, and rheological features of erythrocytes and platelets (aggregation and deformability) under combined treatment with EHF-therapy. Results and Conclusion: In patients with moderate severity CGP, combined treatment with using EHF-waves over CGP restore disturbances in blood viscosity and rheological properties of erythrocytes and platelets (aggregation and deformability). In women, therapy accompanied by full restoration of blood rheology, but this effect was partial in men. In patients with mild CGP, treatment had no significant effect on the rheological properties of blood.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):18-26
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Experience with the drug grandaxinum during orthopedic rehabilitation dental patients with breach of psychological services
Lapina N.V., Skorikova L.A., Seferyan K.G., Starchenko T.P.
Abstract
Fear of dental intervention has forced many patients to delay orthopaedic treatment for a long time, led to deformation of the teeth and jaws. Faced with this problem in clinic ofprosthetic dentistry, we found it necessary to consider the effectiveness of day-time tranquilizer “Grandaxinum” as a monotherapy in patients with psycho-emotional disorders and partial absence of teeth. A comparative analysis conducted in 70 patients (2 groups of 35 people) with impaired psycho-emotional sphere and partial dentition defects to be filled by non-removable dentures, we confirmed that the drug “ Grandaxinum “ helps to avoid negative impacts in dental procedures and in adaptation to orthopedic structures.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):27-29
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Modern features of dynamics of the prevalence and course of dental caries among pregnant women, enhancing the efficiency of preventive measures
Prokhodnaya V.A., Gayvoronskaya T.V., Maksyukov S.Y., Surmeneva S.O., Lomova A.S., Chibichjan E.K.
Abstract
The objective was to identify trends in the incidence of dental caries among pregnant women for 2000 - 2013 on the example of the Rostov region, to examine the course-for the disease and to determine prognostic factors for an unfavorable course of dental caries during pregnancy. In the first phase of the study the prevalence of dental caries was studied among 890 pregnant women for the period 2003 - 2013 in Rostov region. At the second stage in the clinical group of 207pregnant women with dental caries consistently in all 3 trimeter pregnancy by ELISA determined the concentration in ro-quantum fluid of three antimicrobial peptides (AMP) - lactoferrin, cathelicidin LL-37 and a-defensin, and then assessed the causal relationship between the level ofpeptides and for dental caries. In 2003 to 2013 trend 10-year dynamics ofprevalence of dental caries among pregnant women was characterized by a steady increase in the frequency of the disease (from 90.7% in 2003 to 98% in 2013) and the annual increase in the frequency of recurrent caries. With the recurrence of dental caries in pregnant women involves reducing the secretion of ILA cathelicidin LL-37 and a-defensins. Definition of risk groups among pregnant women in relation to recurrent course of dental caries is one of the optimization methods of monitoring the women of this ka-categories with dental diseases.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):30-33
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System of rational choice orthotic treatment of color changes of dental hard tissues
Shakhbazov O.I., Maksyukov S.Y., Kraynyukhova L.A., Ivanov A.S., Demidova A.A., Maksyukova E.S.
Abstract
Objective: to develop a system of rational choice orthopedic treatment change the color of the hard tissues of the tooth. Materials and methods. Examined 82 patients with discoloring teeth. The condition of the enamel of the teeth was assessed by determining the index of remineralization (IL), test enamel resistance (TER), a comprehensive index ofdifferential sensitivity of the teeth (KIDS), was determined by the content of calcium and phosphorus in the mixed estimula-trated saliva and acid biopsy. Developed algorithm for the optimization of the therapeutic aspects of discoloration teeth with prosthetic. Results. When comparing the results of the test enamel resistance and parameters of the acid solubility of enamel were distinguished five types of solubility and mineralization of tooth enamel. Patients with a high mineral content in surface-STN enamel layer and the low solubility of enamel belong to the group of high-risk low effectiveness of teeth whitening. Conclusion: Simultaneous test enamel resistance and the definition of with-holding of minerals in the saliva and acid biopsy enamel allows you to select the tools-tov, which due to the high risk of low efficiency of teeth whitening shown reconstructive orthopedic treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):33-36
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Histopathology of alveolus dentalis floor tissues and correlations between some morphometric and clinical indices in patients with oro-antral communication
Malanchuk V.A., Grigorovsky V.V., Keyan D.N.
Abstract
The purpose of the present clinical-morphological research was tofindfeatures ofpathological changes in bony and soft tissues of oro-anthral communication area (OAC), to determine frequency of their occurence and correlations between morphological indices and clinical data. As research material have served resected tissue fragments from 41 patients with chronic odontogenic sinusitis with OAC-presence after maxillary molar and premolar teeths removal. After the study of histological features reflecting of OAC-area tissues condition, some gradual parameters of pathological tissue changes, certain grade occurrence frequency, correlations between some morphological indices and between morphological indices and clinical data were estimated. The basic pathological changes in tissues of OAC-area are associated with unspecific productive and exudative inflammation persistence, local disturbancies of blood supply, reparative osteogenesis and alveolar bone tissue remodelling. The intensity and separate gradation occurrence frequency of these changes vary and are differently combined in certain cases. Among morphological indices the strongest correlations on association coefficient values find out pairs: "bone regenerate structure” and "osteonecroses” (positive correlation), and also - "inflammation activity” and "inflammation topography” (negative correlation). Among pairs of clinical and morphological indices the strongest and significant correlations are found between "prescription of OAC formation” - on the one hand, "regenerates structure” and "inflammation activity” - on the other hand (correlationspositive, moderate strength), and also between clinical "maxillary sinus condition assessment” and "inflammation activity” (correlation positive, close to the range of moderate strength).
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):37-42
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Comparison of the clinical efficacy of composite and ceramic restorations in individuals with professional physical and emotional stress
Amirkhanyan M.A., Olesov E.E., Adamchik A.A., Bersanov R.Y., Lesnyak A.V., Shmakov A.N., Arutyunov D.S.
Abstract
The results of a two-year clinical comparison of composite fillings and ceramic restorations workers from dangerous working conditions, exposed to high physical and emotional stress. Shows a significant efficacy ceramic inlays over the observation period of 2 years.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):42-43
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Clinical and microbiological aspects of the formation of microbial bio-films on the structural materials used for repair and perebazirovka removable dentures
Afanasyeva V.V., Arutyunov D.S., Deev M.S., Ippolitov E.V., Tsaryova T.S.
Abstract
The article presents the results of experimental study ofprimary adhesion in vitro to materials for repairs and perebazirovka removable dentures - GC Reline, Ufi gel, Ufi Hard, Rebase, Protacio. As the test strains usedperiodontopathogen (P.gingivalis, F.nucleatum, S.intermedius) and resident species of bacteria (S.sanguinis), and yeast C.albicans. It is established that the materials GC Reline, Ufi gel, Ufi Hard levels are low adhesion periodontopathogenic species, fungi of the genus Candida and moderate - streptococci in the oral cavity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):44-46
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Prevalence and intensity of dental diseases in industrial enterprises closed city
Olesov E.E., Lukyanova E.G., Grishkova N.O., Lesniak A.V., Arutyunov D.S., Shmakov A.N., Melnikov A.I.
Abstract
On the example of two age groups (20-34 years and 35-44 years) conducted a situational analysis of dental disease in workers core enterprises with dangerous working conditions in the Siberian region. Given detailed characteristics of the state of the teeth, periodontal and other tissues and organs dentition. Conclusions about the high demand for dental prevention and treatment among young workers OUT, the importance ofpreventive work in the previous children’s and educational institutions closed city.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):47-49
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About the need for unification of medical documentation for accounting labor dentists
Butova V.G., Boykov M.I., Sadowski V.V., Bychkov V.I.
Abstract
Analysis of the legal framework for the regulation of medical records for accounting labor dentists revealed major issues. Established mechanism for the formation of non-compliance accounting work of dentists in various accounting and reporting of medical records. Practice has shown to eliminate the existing shortcomings is necessary to form a common information base dental service needed for internal analysis of the dental organization and its subsidiaries.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):49-51
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Systematic review: the examination of the cytotoxicity of the base materials
Kalinin A.L., Mitrofanov E.A., Voronov I.A., Voronov A.P., Kadzhaeva F.T.
Abstract
Basic materials dentures can cause chemical irritation and allergic reactions when communicating with theoral cavity. The overview shows that all the polymers of acrylic origin exhibit cytotoxicity in varying degrees, regardless of the type of polymerization, although with some degree of reliability can be mentioned lower cytotoxicity thermoset materials in comparison with other type ofactivated polymers. Use in the manufacture ofprostheses solid lining materials leads to increased cytotoxicity. This leads us to the conclusion that reducing the side effects ofPMMA prostheses necessary to search for new ways to restrict the inflow discharge of substances into the oral cavity. The perspective in this case is the development ofprotective coatings. Among those highlights we have developed recently a coating of silicon carbide "Shell”, which in addition to barrier properties relative to the leaching of substances from acrylic plastic a number of additional benefits: high chemical inertness and resistance to biodegradation, homogeneity, durability, mechanical strength and good adhesion to a range of materials at high temperatures.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2015;19(2):52-56
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