Bioethics: definition and types

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Abstract


Bioethics is defined by the authors as a form of knowledge about the permissible limits of manipulating human life in the range from birth to dying. A comparative analysis of the materials of the Conference in Jerusalem (2018) and the «Handbook on Bioethics for Judges» (2016) prepared by the UNESCO Department of Bioethics in Haifa, on the one hand, and Statements of the Church and Social Council on Biomedical Ethics of the Russian Orthodox Church, on the other, was conducted. It proves that bioethics as a type of modern medical ethics exists and will exist in the near future in conservative and liberal forms. Disclosure of their content contributes to solving the problem of finding compromises in specific situations of medical practice.

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About the authors

I. V Siluyanova

Russian National research Medical University the N.I. Pirogov Ministry of Healf of the Russian Federation

Email: siluan@mail.ru
Moscow, Russia
Professor, PhD, Head of the Biomedical Ethics Department

L. E Pishchikova

Federal State Budgetary Institution «V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology» Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: gerontpro@yandex.ru
Moscow, Russia
Doctor of medicine, Head of the Department of Preventive Gerontopsychiatry

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