SOCIAL VALUE OF ETHICAL PROBLEMS FOR MODERN GENETIC RESEARCH IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY

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Abstract

This paper presents the multivariate analysis of the bioethical criterion for the understanding the social value of genetic research in medicine and biology. From the point of view of moral assessment, a historical retrospective and dialectics of genetic technologies’ development and their application in medical practice are given. The presented data indicate the social and moral conflict of the unbalanced genetic technologies’ using and the way for ethical and normative solution. The leading approaches to the search for optimization of genetic technologies based on improving the ethics of science, education, public confidence, and ensuring the ethical component of legislative regulation are considered. The construction of the work and the discussion of the results confirms by real and promising examples of genetic technologies: perinatal and pre-implantation diagnostics; genetic banks; editing the human genome. The specificity of the work lies in the direct long-term author's participation in the creation of an ethical concept of genetic research in medicine and biology on the national, regional and international levels.

About the authors

O. I. Kubar

Laboratory of Etiology and Control of Viral Infections St. Petersburg Pasteur; Bioethics Committee under the Commission of RF for UNESCO

Author for correspondence.
Email: okubar@list.ru

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Laboratory of Etiology and Control of Viral Infections St. Petersburg Pasteur; Member of the Bioethics Committee under the Commission of RF for UNESCO, Ex-member of the International Bioethics Committee of UNESCO

Russian Federation

G. L. Mikirtichan

St. Petersburg State Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: glm306@yandex.ru

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Humanities and Bioethics, St. Petersburg State Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Russian Federation

A. E. Nikitina

St. Petersburg State Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: aenikitina@rambler.ru

PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Humanities and Bioethics, St. Petersburg State Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, aenikitina@rambler.ru

Florian Steger

Ulm University

Email: florian.steger@uni-ulm.de

Full Professor, Director of the Institute for the History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Chairman of the Research Ethics Committee, Ulm

Germany

References


Copyright (c) 2021 Volgograd State Medical University

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