Vol 7, No 1 (2014)

Articles
GRATITUDE TO FRIENDS AND ADHERENTS
PETROV V.I.
Abstract
The editor-in-chief expresses gratitude to everyone who has supported inclusion of the given edition in the List of the magazines recommended for publication of results of dissertational researches. The personal gratitude is expressed to colleagues from Armenia, Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, Czechia, as well as to visible domestic scientists.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):6-6
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BIOETHICAL PARADIGM IN THE CULTURE OF FUTURE
Smirnov K.S.
Abstract
In article it is showed that modern culture contains disintegrating mecanisms. It is indicated also that modern culture has limits in its development. The restoration of the traditional cultural space on the basis of bioethical paradigm which is interpreted as neotraditionalism follows as a result.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):7-11
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BIOETHICS FROM A PERSPECTIVE OF THE POSTMETAPHYSICAL THINKING
Petrov K.A., Maltseva N.L.
Abstract
In this article the author investigates some bioethical theories and reveals non-reflexive philosophical ground, assuming metaphysical understanding of human as a rational being. Such uncritical vision of homo sapiens one can find in conceptions of bioethics, that reducing it to the practice. An original approach to this problem can be seen in contemporary feminist bioethics concepts, which presupposes radical transformation of the anthropological view. The author substantiates the origin of feministic bioethics by appearance in the Western philosophy the idea of "overcoming of the metaphysics". Transition to a "postmetaphysical" vision of human provokes the disclosure of its corporality as a social construct. On the one hand, the interpretation of human being as a being with the body opening possibilities of technological transformation of man, on the other hand, this understanding can helps to solve some bioethical problems, such as a passive euthanasia.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):12-15
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BIOETHICS IN THE CULTURAL PARADIGM OF POST-MODERNISM
Reymer M.V.
Abstract
The article explores the problems of bioethics in the cultural paradigm of post-modernism and the ways of their solution. Denying the realness of philosophical theories and universal principles in bioethics, postmodernism has generated a number of negative consequences. A large number of contradictory and mutually exclusive bioethical theories emerged. As a result, common bioethical principles, universal moral and cultural values are disappearing. The way out is phronesis (practical wisdom), which is carried out by judgments in each particular case. Phronesis judges from praxis, involves the implementation and development of values and standards in bioethics, underlies bioethical decision.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):16-19
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CYNICISM AND THE PROBLEM OF MORAL POSITION OF DOCTOR’S PERSON
Siluyanova I.V.
Abstract
The article offers a description of the characteristics of cynicism as a personal disposition in the medical profession. It discloses reasons for the development of cynicism and offers a way of overcoming it in a tradition, specific to native medicine.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):20-22
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BIOETHICS AND EUGENICS: AKSIOLOGICAL DIALOGUE
Fando R.A.
Abstract
In the article, in historical retrospect, various approaches are discussed addressing the global problems of mankind - reducing the number of hereditary diseases. Perceptions of genetic diversity and the regulation of marriage are reflected in the works of well-known philosophers. Special interest in such ideas was seen in the second half of the XIX century. It was the time when competitiveness between states and people have become increasingly high. People thought about creating a «dominant nation» which would become a winner over all its competitors. By the end of the XIX century eugenics was created - the science of improving the human race. Initially, eugenics tried to promote the idea of producing a healthy human, but by the twentieth century slogans aimed at reducing the spread of hereditary diseases began to appear. Soon, many scientists gave more thought about the ethical side and effectiveness of eugenic doings. Nowadays the society again started talking about the health of future generations, raising the issue of diseases prevention, including endogenous nature. The article shows that the nation's health issues currently acquire special scientific and axiological relevance.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):23-26
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VALUE OF “UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ON BIOETHICS AND HUMAN RIGHTS” (2005) ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ETHICAL PRINCIPALS IN SCIENCE AND PRACTICE IN THE FIELD OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Kubar O.I.
Abstract
The article finalises the series of publications concerning the presentation and analyses the influence of the activity of International Bioethics Committee (IBC) UNESCO in cluster countries of UNESCO Moscow Office and countries-members Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). In the article are presented the progressive steps of including the ethical principals in the legislation of the countries. It is stressed the uniq possition of UNESCO Declaration (2005) on the creation the responsibility of the goverment and the global solidarity for protection human rights in the process of scientific and technical progress.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):27-30
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PROBLEMS OF BIOETHICS IN SOCIOLOGY CITY THEMES
Navrotsky B.A., Delarue V.V.
Abstract
Bioethical reflection of social problems may be inappropriate and act as a related research product in various Sciences. The analysis of articles of the category "People in the city" Russian peer-reviewed journal "Sociology of city" shows that bioethical context inherent in any social research. Most often sociologists record characteristics of the moral status of medical institutions, moral position of doctors and patients, ethical culture of relations in medicine. Regular content analysis of sociological and other similar publications with the aim of expressing their bioethical content. This will contribute to increase of knowledge in the bioethics.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):31-33
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MODELS HEALING AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MEDICAL ETHICS AND RULES
Saperov V.N.
Abstract
The analysis of inter-model doctoring basic principles and rules of medical ethics. The most professional and justified morally peer model of healing, but in certain clinical situations are adequate paternalistic and engineering model. Because it is difficult and sometimes impossible to monitor compliance with the basic principles and rules of medical ethics, the use of paternalistic and engineering models require a doctor's high professional and moral responsibility, and when used in relation to disabled persons - strict observance of certain legal norms, including the main is obtaining informed consent to medical intervention legal representative of the patient.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):34-37
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PROTECTION OF THE CHILD’S RIGHTS TO HEALTH OR THE OBSERVANCE OF LAWS, WHICH IS MORE IMPORTANT?
Maslak E.E., Yanovskaya M.L., Mishareva N.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the right of children to health in the light of recent Russian laws on health protection of citizens. The examples of parents’ responsibility for oral health of their children and doctors’ responsibility for dental treatment of children without parents’ informed consent are discussed. The authors concluded that dentists’ compliance with the existing laws and regulations may conflict with children’ interests and violate their right to health. The right of children under 15 years of age to preventive and curative care should be legally defined (if parents do not care about their children’s health due to socio-economical or other circumstances).
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):38-40
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REGARDING THE QUESTION OF THE INFORMED VOLUNTARY CONSENT UNDER CONDITIONS OF CHILDREN’S INFECTIOUS HOSPITAL
Kaplunov K.O., Velikanova V.A.
Abstract
In article the current state of quite ambiguous question in socio-legal meaning about the informed consent to diagnostics and medical manipulations at the minor children having infectious diseases is investigated. The interpretation of this question from positions of the last edition of the Russian law of November 21, 2011 N 323-FL "About bases of health protection of citizens in the Russian Federation" is presented, collisions and the contradictions arising at its practical right application in clinic of children's infectious diseases are surveyed, examples of approaches to the solution of questions of the informed consent at minors in a number of the developed foreign countries are given.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):41-45
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ETHICS, THE RIGHT AND MEDICINE IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRADE "DOCTOR-COSMETICIAN"
Rahimullina O.A., Krajnova I.J., Fajbisovich E.I.
Abstract
Introduction in the registry of medical specialities of a trade "doctor-cosmetician" has generated many questions of medical, social and ethic-legal character. Participants of the Round table were unanimous that institutiolisation a new trade assumes more precise development of educational programs, standardization of rendered services, differentiation of medical, improving and aesthetic interventions. The divergence of opinions on a parity of dermatology and cosmetology is noted -one experts insist on their relative independence, others consider cosmetology as « applied dermatology».
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):46-51
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ETHICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN DOCTORS OF DIFFERENT PROFILES AND PATIENTS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST DIABETES MELLITUS
Naumova V.N., Solomatina E.V., Chebotareva O.A.
Abstract
The article highlights the works of the Roundtable on problems of management of diabetes mellitus patients. Emphasis is laid on the need for closer links dentists who can be the first to notice the diabetes signs in patients, and endocrinologists and physicians. The results of the Roundtable were the recommendations on creation of electronic database of diabetes mellitus patients; regular interaction at the level of the Advisory Councils of doctors of different profiles, and suggestions to improve the patients’ compliance.
Bioethics. 2014;7(1):52-57
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PAPER SUBMISSION GUIDELINES
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Bioethics. 2014;7(1):58-62
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