Modern accents in the diagnostics of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs

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Abstract


The clinical course of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (PID) is very diverse, certain difficulties in the diagnosis of acute inflammation can be caused with a sufficient combination of probable symptoms. Most of the patients are subacute or chronic course of the disease. Not timely diagnosis and incorrectly prescribed treatment favorably affects the movement of the inflammatory process in the upper genital tract.

The diagnosis of PID in emergency rooms and clinics is often based on clinical criteria, with or without additional laboratory and visual tests. Clinical data have a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 50% versus 83% sensitivity and 26% specificity of endometrial culture.

The presence of leukocytosis in peripheral blood, elevated ESR and/or the level of C-reactive protein are also markers of inflammation and may be an indicator of the severity of the disease, but they do not serve as specific signs of PID.

The frequency of occurrence of inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system and common complications can lead to a pronounced imbalance in the reproductive potential of not only women, but also the population. The presence of a predominance of the chronic course of the disease, specialists of different profiles should have a sense of suspicion of the probable presence of an infectious agent in the pelvic organs in women of reproductive age in the presence of various non-specific complaints from the lower abdomen and the absence of other obvious reasons.

Untimely treatment of PID is closely associated with the deterioration of the patient’s condition and long-term complications.

To achieve successful attempts to prevent complications of PID, it is practically not possible, despite numerous studies.

The widely used routine laboratory examination methods have diagnostic value only in patients with pronounced symptom complexes, while in the chronic course their significance is small.


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About the authors

M. S. Selikhova

“Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: koryagina.polina@gmail.com

Russian Federation, Volgograd

P. A. Soltys

“Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russia

Email: koryagina.polina@gmail.com

Russian Federation, Volgograd

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