THE ROLE OF BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS IN THE RISK STRATIFICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PREECLAMPSIA: THE CLINICIAN’S VIEW

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Abstract


Preeclampsia is one of the main causes of maternal mortality and leads to 50-60 thousand deaths annually worldwide, its prevalence in the world is 5-8%. Moreover, this complication is associated with an increased risk of the development of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in the mother and child. Preeclampsia is a multi-systemic syndrome including hereditary and environmental factors in its pathogenesis and pathophysiology, and the only effective method of the treatment is still delivery. Regardless of the time of debut, preeclampsia is often characterized by the relative well-being of a pregnant woman, right up to the development of severe pre-eclampsia. This review is devoted to biochemical markers of the high risk of pre-eclampsia. Of particular interest there is the balance of proangiogenic (PIGF) and anti-angiogenic (sFlt) growth factors at different gestational ages; both the correct interpretation of the sFlt/PIGF balance and the correlation with the history data already allow us to expand the criteria for the prevention of preeclampsia and open up prospects for optimizing obstetric tactics in the third trimester of pregnancy.

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About the authors

I. V Ignatko

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

Violetta S. Florova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: florova.violetta@gmail.com
119991, Moscow, Russian Federation
MD, post-graduate student of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology of the Medical Faculty of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

A. C Kuznetsov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

E. Yu Kuzina

Ltd «Laboratory of the Center for Immunology and Reproduction

125171, Moscow, Russian Federation

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