FEATURES OF THE COURSE OF PREGNANCY AND GENERA IN PATIENTS WITH OBESITY

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Abstract


The aim of the study was to assess the course of pregnancy and childbirth in patients with varying degrees of obesity.Material and methods of research. A retrospective study of pregnant women with different body mass index (BMI), the delivery of which occurred in the period 01.01.2018-06.30.2018, was conducted. The results of the study. In the study, the largest proportion - 53% were pregnant women with a BMI above 30 kg/m2, the proportion of women with premorbid obesity - 47%. The incidence of diseases that complicate the course of pregnancy (chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) was highest in women with a BMI higher than 30 kg/m2. In the study groups, gestational arterial hypertension was the most common - 14%. Pregnancy complications, namely, fetal growth retardation/placental insufficiency, occurred with a frequency of 8% in the group with premorbid obesity. In pregnant women with a BMI of more than 30 kg/m2, acute/chronic fetal hypoxia was observed, the frequency of which in total was 10%. Complications of the fetus in the studied women showed that the risk of fetal hypoxia in pregnant women with a BMI above 30 kg/m2 is very high. Large fruit was found in 15% of cases of the total number of women studied, in groups with a BMI of more than 30 kg/m2, with a frequency equal to 10% of the total number. The number of births through the birth canal in women with a BMI of more than 30 kg/m2 was 28%, and the frequency of cesarean section operations was 24%. Conclusion. Women with a BMI above 30 kg/m2 have a high frequency of pregnancy complications (gestational arterial hypertension, preeclampsia, chronic arterial hypertension). A high frequency of perinatal pathology was revealed - acute/chronic fetal hypoxia, placental insufficiency, fetal growth retardation, macrosomia. Pregnant women with a high BMI should be closely monitored by an obstetrician-gynecologist, observe proper nutrition, monitor weight gain, and timely treat chronic diseases, in particular hypertension.

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About the authors

E. V Timokhina

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

Mariam G. Saakyan

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: mariam_93@inbox.ru
119991, Moscow, Russian Federation
clinical intern, art. assistant at the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, Faculty of Medicine of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

N. V Zafiridi

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

I. M Bogomazova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

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