The first leaf of an Old Uyghur 觀無量壽經 Guanwuliangshoujing translation

Cover Page


The paper discusses the 觀無量壽經 Guanwuliangshoujing (T. 365) in Old Uyghur. It is an important text of the Pure Land Buddhism known only in its original Chinese text. Several separated fragments in Old Uyghur are known. One fragment of the Turfan Collection in Berlin (U 1499) can be joined with a leaf of the Serindia Collection of the IOM (SI 1748). The result is presented here. One of its interesting differences is the list of 15 Bodhisattvas of which only Mañjuśrī is given by name in the Chinese original.

About the authors

Peter Zieme

Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin

Author for correspondence.



  1. BT 25 Wilkens.
  2. DDB Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (Charles Muller).
  3. HT VIII Röhrborn.
  4. IOM Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg.
  5. MOTH Hamilton.
  6. OTWF Erdal.
  7. SH Soothill & Hodous.
  8. T. Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō.
  9. UWN Röhrborn.
  10. CICUZZA, Claudio. A Mirror Reflecting the Entire World. The Pāli Buddhapādamaṅgala or “Auspicious Signs on the Buddha’s Feet”, Bangkok and Lumbini 2011.
  11. ERDAL, Marcel. Old Turkic Word Formation, Wiesbaden 1991 (Harrassowitz Verlag).
  12. FRANKENHAUSER, Uwe. Cien-Biographie VIII, Wiesbaden 1995 (Harrassowitz Verlag).
  13. HAMILTON, James Russell. Manuscrits ouïgours du IXe-Xe siècle de Touen-Houang, Paris 1986 (Peeters).
  14. INAGAKI, Hisao, The Three Pure Land Sutras. A Study and Translation from Chinese, Kyoto 1994. Nagata Bunshodo.
  15. KARA, György. Az Aranyfény-szutra. Suvarṇaprabhāsottamasūtrendrarāja, Budapest 1968 (Mongol Nyelvemléktár XIII).
  16. KITSUDŌ, Kōichi. New Light on the Huayan jing in Old Uighur from the Krotkov Collection and Yoshikawa Photographs, in: Essays on the Manuscripts written in Central Asian Languages in the Otani Collection. Buddhism, Manichaeism, and Christianity, ed. by T. Irisawa and K. Kitsudo, Kyoto 2017 (Ryukoku University Silk Road Studies 6), Research Center for Buddhist Culture, Ryukoku University, 107–153.
  17. KUDARA, Kōgi. Guan-Jing – Critique of a Uigur Fragment of the iGuan-wu-lan-shou-jiong, in: Studies in Buddhism 35 (1979), 33-56.
  18. KUDARA, Kōgi. An Uigur Fragmment of the Larger Sukhāvatīvyūha-Sūtra from the Dunhuang Cave 17, in: Ryūkoku kiyō 17 (11995), 1–16.
  19. KUDARA, Kōgi and ZIEME, Peter. Two New Fragments of the Larger Sukhāvatīvyūhasūtra in Uigur, in: Studies On the Inner Asian Languages XII (1997), 73–82.
  20. KUO, Liying. Confession et Contrition dans le bouddhisme chinois du Ve au Xe siècle. Paris 1994 (Publications de l’École française d’Extrême Orient, Monographies no. 170).
  21. MIRKAMAL, Aydar & Zieme, Peter. Further Fragments of the Old Uighur Translation of the 佛說觀無量壽經 Foshuo Guanwuliangshoujing (in preparation).
  22. NURI, Raziye. Alliterative Prajñāpāramitā Texts in Old Uyghur Preserved in Paris, Shanghai 2015 (Shanghai Chinese Classics Publishing House).
  23. ÖLMEZ, Mehmet. Tibet Budizme Ait Eski Uygurca Bahşı Ögdisi, in: Bahşı Ögdisi. Festschrift für Klaus Röhrborn anläßlich seines 60. Geburtstags, Freiburg-Istanbul 1998, 261-293.
  24. RÖHRBORN, Klaus. Die alttürkische Xuanzang-Biographie VIII, Wiesbaden 1996 (Harrassowitz Verlag).
  25. RÖHRBORN, Klaus. Uigurisches Wörterbuch. Sprachmaterial der vorislamischen türkischen Texte aus Zentralasien - Neubearbeitung - II. Nomina - Pronomina - Partikeln, Band 1: a – asvık, Stuttgart 2015 (Franz Steiner Verlag).
  26. SOOTHILL, William Edward and HODOUS, Lewis. A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents and a Sanskrit-Pali Index, Taipei 1976 (Reprinted by Ch’eng Wen Publishing Company).
  27. TACHIBANA, Zuichō. Uiguru yaku no Kammuryōjukyō, in: Niraku sōsho 1 (1912), 21–41.
  28. WILKENS, Jens. Das Buch von der Sündentilgung. Edition des alttürkisch-buddhistischen Kšanti Kılguluk Nom Bitig, Turnhout 2007 (Berliner Turfantexte XXV).
  29. ZIEME, Peter. A new fragment of the Uigur Guanwuliangshoujing. In: Ryūkoku Daigaku Bukkyōbunka Kenkyūsho kiyō. Bulletin of the Institute of Buddhist Cultural Studies, Ryūkoku University. Special Issue 20, Kyoto 1982, 20–29.
  30. ZIEME, Peter. Wutaishan and Mañjuśrī in Old Uigur Buddhism. In: The Transnational Cult of Mount Wutai. Historical and Comparative Perspectives, Brill 2020 (Studies on East Asian Religions, Vol. 2 ed. by S. Andrews, J. Chen, K. Guang), xxx-xxx.
  31. ZIEME, Peter and Kudara, Kōgi. Guanwuliangshoujing in Uigur, Kyoto 1985. Nagata Bunshōdō.



Abstract - 49

PDF (English) - 15





  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Zieme P.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies