Vol 14, No 7-8 (2014)

Articles
Intersubjectivity in dialogue space
Alebastrova A.A., Orlov M.O.
Abstract
The aim of this article is to present possibilities of category of intersubjectivity for social philosophy, showing its heuristic value in the analysis of the ways of development of modern society and of an individual. Consideration of intersubjectivity in the context of experience of various subjects which are in a situation of mutual communication allows actualization of correlation between subjects of experience - actors and a dialogue situation.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):4-8
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The problem of correlation of per-sonality and society in Nicolay Berdyaev’s personalistic philosophy
Afanasevsky V.L.
Abstract
The article focuses on one of the key problems of personalistic philosophy of N.A. Berdyaev. It gives analyses of the interrelation between personality and society. The correlation of such notions as individuum, individuality and personality is considered. The problem is represented as an existential one and evolves through the tragic element of human existence.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):9-18
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Theatre-studio” as special institutional process (case study of “Gran” in Novo-kuibyshevsk)
Bokuradze D.S., Lysova N.Y.
Abstract
City is the center of various practices. Some of them are designed for symbolic exploration of urban space. Theater «Gran» in Novokuibyshevsk has performed such a role.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):19-22
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Philosophical and culturological aspects of typology of cities
Grankina E.
Abstract
Modern urban studies cooperate with geography, economics, sociology, philosophy and cultural studies. At the confluence of different disciplines, a wide range of interdisciplinary approaches and interpretations was formed. Among them is the spacetime diagnostics (chronotope). According to the author, the diversity and richness of urban spaces and human temporal modes is an important indicator of the developing city. The author offers a hypothesis on the construction of a typology of cities based on the chronotope.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):23-26
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The clip thinking as a way of seeing reality
Zhuravlev S.I.
Abstract
The article discusses the concept of clip thinking and explores the technological preconditions of its formation as well as sociocultural consequences. The characteristics of clip thinking that reflect various aspects of this phenomenon are provided. The author studies the relation between clip thinking and postmodern culture, identifies the differences between this type of thinking and the traditional, linear thinking.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):27-31
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Tradition Indian medicine and its preventive meaning in the modern world
Matveev S.A.
Abstract
In modern social and economic conditions the role of using the traditional medicine, including Ayurveda, with the purpose of prevention is constantly increasing. There are eight approaches of Ayurveda, which can intertwine with existing prophylactic lines of modern medicine.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):32-36
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Paradigm of social reality in the phi-losophy of postmodernism
Prasolova O.A.
Abstract
The article examines the paradigm of social reality in the philosophy of postmodernism. Postmodernist philosophy, separating from classical philosophical problems and categories, postulating refusal of objectivity of public life, creates a new image of social reality in which the big role is given to elements of tvorimost, subjectivity, significance etc. This circum-stance conducts to cardinal shift of accents in judgment of social reality. Analysis of representations of social reality in the philosophy of postmodernism is based on sociophilosophical views J.F. Lyotard, J. Baudrillard, J. Derrida, G. Deleuze.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):37-44
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Game intentions of a subject: review
Rugal A.N.
Abstract
The article provides analysis of ways of organizing free-time by a student of technical University. Timeless traditional game as a way of structuring spiritual activity in the space of domain-transformative discourse is not considered by the students as an alternative to the computer entertainment.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):45-49
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The search problem of the limit of human reason as the basis of phi-losophical anthropology
Shakirov R.K.
Abstract
The article deals with the philosophical-anthropological questions concerning the determination of human reason limit, which is the philosophical desire to find the most profound essence of the object of the research, in this case. The article relies on human research tradition that arose in the course of the development of philosophy.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):50-55
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On theoretical reason
Yartsev R.A.
Abstract
The problem of justification of scientific methodology out of common sense is considered, of which one of the setups is cognitive common sense as a special kind of legislation governing the use of theoretical reason. The representation of cognitive common sense is clarified, out of which the universal method of science is derived. It is shown that this method is the consistent balance between theoretical and practical reason, interacting in the learning process. The goals of future research are formulated.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):56-65
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Medicine and human culture
Voronina N.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of interaction of medicine and an individual, the role of intelligence and culture in modern civilization. The author refers to the experience of Samara State Medical University and current reports, sounded at the conference «Humanitarian support of innovation in Biology and Medicine» held in Samara in May 2014.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):67-69
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Disease and the condition of cultural diversity
Kirilenko E.I.
Abstract
Medical experience can be examined in the function of the element of cultural text. In “a great while” perspective physiognomic and written cultural texts discover the variety of ways of symbolic disease interpretation. In the multiple space of ethnocultural texts “virus in a car” can serve as a metaphor of disease in the North American culture; the Romantic Movement tradition influences medical experience formation in Germany; particular attention to the cardiovascular pathology and respiratory diseases as the manifestation of some cultural characteristics is specified in Russian traditions. If some disease is not a contextually emerged fact, but - in anthropological perspective - an element of life, and in the life itself multifaceted self-definition personality is revealed, then the important factor of medical care should become the cultural competence of medical staff, connected with the perception of the patient’s world individuality and allowing actualization of this potential.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):70-72
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Experience of development of social component of future specialists-agrarians
Donich P.V.
Abstract
The article presents scientifically reasonable experience of development of social component of health of future specialists-agrarians that provides students’ ability to maintain their health. Facilities for development of social adaptation are the command games held at physical training lessons, and also the measures conducted by counsels.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):73-79
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Image of Mussulmen in the other faith and common faith environment
Kandaurov S.P.
Abstract
The article provides analysis of the collective image of a Mussulmen based on stereotypic apperception of Mussulmen in the Common Faith and Other Faith environment with the help of the indicators of religious identity.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):80-84
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Authorized capital: a shareholder risk or liability
Glyantseva D.U.
Abstract
The article «Authorized capital: a shareholder risk or liability?» analyzes such concepts as the principle of limited liability and business risk to establish the legal nature of authorized capital. The paper compares different points of view of civil law scholars and expresses the author’s position on the issue. In the end, the author concludes that the authorized capital does not limit the shareholder liability, as this judgment is based on the incorrectly constructed principle of limited liability. It is necessary to suggest that the authorized capital limits the shareholder business risk arising in the course of business. The shareholder bears the business risk as an investor of a company, and it is the risk, but not the liability, that is considered to be the basis for legal relationship in question. The authorized capital serves as the basis for shareholder liability only if the shareholder commits an offense causing damage to the company.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):85-91
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Application of procedures to enforce the obligations in relation to databases
Inyushkin A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the practice of securing the fulfillment of obligations in relation to databases. The analysis of denominated in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation methods of enforcement the obligations in relation to databases is presented.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):92-96
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The legal nature of affairs connected with protection of honor, dignity and business reputation within civil legal proceeding
Kucherenko D.S.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the question of legal nature and several key peculiarities of honor, dignity and business reputation cases’ entertained within civil legal proceeding. The analysis of separate issues of aforementioned cases’ content, including subject structure and manners, is given in the article.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):97-100
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Phenomenology of right
Pasichnik V.A.
Abstract
The question of the essence of any object or process is a crucial point within any system of scientific knowledge. However, not every system of scientific knowledge has an advanced methodology apparatus for solving such questions. That is why there is a certain need of a method that could bring back the old meaning to the question of essence, but on new phenomenological grounds. In our opinion, the method introduced by E. Husserl should be the basis of every research, concerning the questions of the essence of the law or the essence of legal phenomena. As the phenomenology opens up a horizon of semantic intentions in a discourse of transcendental experience, that ego is going through in different modi of the temporality of the existence and the temporality of the conscience.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):101-106
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The notion of educational function of judgment decision
Shishov E.A.
Abstract
The article describes the notion of function of judgment decision and provides detailed analysis of educational function of judgment decision.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):107-111
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Danger for the national identify as a destructive meme
Almosov I.V.
Abstract
In this article the national identity is presented as a meme. The author analyzes social stereotypes in the sphere of presentation of national identity, the danger being one of them, and also attempts to study it as a destructive meme.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):112-118
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USA, MEC and Israel’s "Strategy of non-identification" at early 1950s
Mustaev R.R.
Abstract
This article provides a critical analysis of Israel’s so called «strategy of non-identification» with any of the political blocs declared in early 1950s in the midst of the bipolar confrontation on the background of the Washington’s regional defense initiatives, particularly the project «Middle East Command» at the beginning of 1950s. Analysis of various archive documents (from the archives of US Department of State, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of USSR and Israel) reveals various informal negotiations, secret covenants of Israel with the United States in terms of the cold war escalation, which actually laid the grounds for Tel-Aviv-Washington strategic partnership. It was revealed that declared by Israel external «strategy of non-identification» with any block in fact initially was of declarative, purely formal nature (with simultaneous constant rapprochement with the United States). Israel acted as latent linchpin in building Pro-Western military political system in the region.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):119-127
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INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHORS
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Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2014;14(7-8):128-131
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