Vol 9, No 1-2 (2009)

Articles
Sinergetic ethics and European-American ethical concepts of the 18th - XXth centuries: the comparative analysis ofphilosophical correlations
Ableev S.R.
Abstract
Sinergetic ethics and European-American ethical concepts of the 18th - XXth centuries: the comparative analysis of philosophical correlations
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):6-10
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Friedrich Nietzsche about the health of a human being
Averkina E.I.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to understanding the health of the person in Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy. Nietzsche develops the look at health and illness different from classical philosophical tradition, where health is the harmony opposition, tranquility and well-being. From Nietzsche's point of view, health is the dynamic process, fight for health, expecting enemy on behalf of disease. The disease is the necessity condition, the element of repulsion and overcoming, and formations of health. The body of the person is the place, where turns round the fight for health, it is interpreted by Nietzsche as a base of man's individuality, and, hereunder, is overcome known object approach to person, having place in medicine today. So it is possible to consider Nietzsche as the founder of critical relations to the positivism of medicine.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):11-15
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The social and philosophical analysis of problems concerning the human education
Veselova V.S.
Abstract
The article is devoted to consideration one of the most reformed areas in the human life - education. In this article the analysis of education as category was done the meaning of this forming was revealed the aspects of contemporary human education were distinguished. The author revealed the positive and negative sides of transition from administrative model of education to liberal model. He pointed sphere of problems and described the distortion of essence of education. The author speaks of values of education and offers to create public independent organization of the experts in education.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):16-19
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The language as a cultural reality: possibilities of the transformation
Ionesov V.I.
Abstract
The global transformation is distinctive trend of contemporary time. The changing world determines the transition of culture to new ways of self-expression, communication and social integration. The article reviews the language as cultural reality and it explains of essence and significance of language in changing culture. The aim of this essay is examination of some phenomenological aspects of language in cultural communication and transformation.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):20-23
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The formationof the professional competence
Kolbasova L.O.
Abstract
This article is devoted to modern problems of personnel management. It is focused on such phenomena as professional competence. The author determines main categories of professionalism and characterizes the process of professional growing of a person.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):24-27
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Understanding of cognition peculiarities in religious philosophy of I.A. Iljin
Mezhevich L.M.
Abstract
In this article the author tries to analyze of the religious and philosophy ideas of a famous Russian thinker Iljin I.A. The article is devoted to the problem of theological and philosophical foundations of the religious sens and knowledge. The article focuses on the gnoseological and ontological approaches and problems of religion. «The spiritual solipsism» as the form of religious philosophy. The irracionalism and mystic is religious knowledge. The religious knowledge is the religious sense and religious faith. The mysticism of faith to The God is the illusive of explanation and of the religious knowledge.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):28-34
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Image, presentation, the principle of theaddition and understanding
Mushich-Gromiko V.G.
Abstract
The author raises a question of principle of complementarity and concludes that it is not an exceptional invention for solving dual representations in quantum mechanics. Principle of complementarity is a natural aspect of human cognition that takes the most unexpected shapes.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):35-38
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Power relations and their typology: the methologicalanalysis
Noskov E.G.
Abstract
The article reveals methodological originality of classification procedure in the field of the power analysis in the modern philosophical theory. Special attention is payed to gnosiological status of classification procedure in the process of power's analysis. Possible ways of points' of view systematization are also discussed.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):39-43
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Modern forms of the rationality reduction
Stotzkaya T.G.
Abstract
In clause the problem of heuristic value of a category rationality is considered. Basic approaches are analysed to determination of this concept.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):44-47
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The education institution as the whole social system: structuring andintegrating elements
Filatova A.V.
Abstract
In article the integration and structurization functions realised by institute of formation in a society reveal. Integration is thus interpreted in terms of the structurally functional approach as «nonspecific function», the pursuing aim of reproduction of a sociality.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):48-52
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About the source problemof the modern dzhihad (holy war)formation (the comprehension of itssubjective and psychological aspects)
Yakupov M.T.
Abstract
The application of dialects allows explaining the progress of the civilizations by fight of contrary social and political forces. One of the demonstrations of international terror against which the forces of humanism are united is jihad. The idea of presence of the subjective and psychological sources of the phenomenon is substantiated in this article. Up-to-date jihad is accomplished by hits which have one or other psychological deviations. The part of mass media is noted as one of the sources causing critical attitude of believers. The way of solving the problem of terrorism is suggested on the basis of the principle of average.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):53-58
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The actual base of searching: the conception and thepractice of the application
Bednyakov I.L.
Abstract
On the basis of theoretical knowledge concerning with grounds for investigative actions, the problems of legal regulation of actual grounds for performing search are examined. Taking into account materials of file arising during investigation and concerning with decision adeption of performance of search are analysed. The ways of their solution in order to search effectiveness and citizens rights maintenance are offered.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):59-63
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Some points of the application of the compulsory ecological insurance institution in theRussian Federation
Vasiljev N.A.
Abstract
In given article the author opens essence of institute of obligatory ecological insurance and feature of its application in a legal field of the Russian Federation. Spent by the author of article interrogation of experts in the field of protection surrounding the person natural the environment has shown that level ecological delicts is high enough. One of positive sides of institute of obligatory ecological insurance is it antycriminal character. In the present article the author pursues the aim to open in as much as possible full volume potential given not enough explored side. Besides it, in article the potential of ecological insurance as basic source of financing is partly opened at a covering of the expenses caused by technogenic failure on manufacture. Given article is intended for experts of criminologists, ecologists, and as wide range of readers.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):64-69
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About the defence of violated rightsof minors
Dzhumagazieva G.S.
Abstract
within the framework of modern Russian state and law system juveniles can have and incarnate both property and private non-property rights. The analysis of law-enforcement practice shows that the problem of juveniles' property right defense is in fact burning issue in Russia nowadays. As practice presents, in the majority of cases children don't have access to the information and materials which in detail touch upon the questions of juveniles' legal position.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):70-74
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About the conception of "the basis of the law and the order" in the civil law as one of the criteria of the unsocial deal invalidity
Zhelonkin S.S.
Abstract
This article analyzes the application of civil law category of «the rule of law» in the definition of antisocial transactions. Application category «the rule of law» in the article looks at the use of scientific works of Soviet and Russian civilian. The author of a number of recommendations for the application of such a criterion of invalidity of antisocial transactions as «the rule of law».
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):75-77
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The servitute of enjoying the property in Russianlegislation in the XlXth century
Ksenofontova M.V.
Abstract
Usufruct in the Russian Law had some features which referred to the Roman usufruct in its nature. Usufruct in the Russian law of the XIX century was of two types: «lifetime possession of patrimonial estate granted to spouse by another according to testament», «lifetime possession by parents after their dead childless children».
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):78-81
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About the significant and the realization problem of the equality before the court principlein the criminal law
Laktaeva V.Y.
Abstract
The article examines the problem of defining and realization of the principle of equality of all people before the law in criminal procedure. The principle of equality is a constitutional one. At the same time this principle is defined in the Criminal code of the Russian Federation as a principle of criminal statute. The principle of equality of all people before the law means that all people who break the law must be prosecuted irrespective of any circumstances. However, the legislator provides for immunity from prosecution, that is, special regulations of prosecution of certain individuals. Such exception in the legislation is necessary but only if it is justified and reasonable. The principle of equality is connected with other principles of criminal law, namely with the principle of justice. To be able to combine the principle of equality with that of justice is one of the purposes of justice in the law-governed state.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):82-85
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The correlation of the categories "safeguard" and "protection" concerning the shareholders and the creditorsrights while the securities issue
Maksimkin Y.A.
Abstract
The presented article contains material concerning correlation of such categories as «protection» and «assertion» with regard to the rights of shareholders and creditors during issue of securities. The definition of protection of shareholders and creditors rights during issue of securities and of assertion of their rights is given on the basis of analysis of specified categories. Problems connected with the use of mentioned categories are examined.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):86-88
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The right deprivation of holding a post or being engaged in an activity in the punishment system according to the Russian Federation criminal code andthe expediency of its using in some cases
Nichugovskaya O.N.
Abstract
The article analyzes deprivation of right to occupy determined job titles or determined activity as a type of the main and additional penalty and disputable situations of its inflicting.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):89-93
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The objective andthe subjective in the subject'sknowledge of proving
Pisarev E.V.
Abstract
The undertaken research allows to conclude that at criminal case investigation, during interaction of the subject proofs with carriers of the context-dependent and contextually-independent information, the inspector comes to those, or other conclusions. Any substantiation of conclusions to which the inspector comes, occurs not on its arbitrariness, and is made by rules and laws of logic which do not depend on the subject, and have universal value and reflects real-life communications between things and the phenomena. Thus, both the maintenance and the form of any proof also are objective and subjective simultaneously.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):94-96
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On some aspects of te legislative regulation for the safety providing of the extremely important objects
Pyatiletov V.V.
Abstract
On the basis of theoretical statements and practical applied aspects of the state institute activities toward danger lowering, there were considered some problems of legal regulation of relations in the sphere of defense providing of critical important for national security infrastructure objectives and population from threats of technical and natural character and terrorist manifestations. Also in this sphere there were proposed some actions of legislative basis improvement.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):97-101
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The competition as the main beginning of the submitting for consideration of a civil casein essence before the initial court
Selezneva E.I.
Abstract
In the article the controversial principle as the beginning of civil case consideration in essence in the court of first instance is examined. The controversial principle determines sides' possibilities and responsibilities in defending its legal position. The law provides for the following elements of court trial: evidence investigation, legal pleadings, termination of case examination in essence. All legal procedures are in the form of debates, sides' controversy. The order of legal procedure is regulated in the way that court solution of every judicial or financial legal question is possible on the basis of thorough discussion of the people taking part in the case. This principle gives the court a chance to form the full idea about case consequences and make the right decision. The controversial principle in the civil procedure is concluded in the right and responsibility of participants of the civil procedure with court assistant to provide evidence and to take part in its investigation.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):102-105
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The author's right inreigning Russia
Falaleev A.S.
Abstract
The article «The copyright in tsardom Russia» is devoted to one of the subjective author's property rights on original literary, artistic and scientific works which the theory of civil law names exclusive rights. In it present the base statutory acts and defines copyright, regulating author's rights in 1828-1917 years period. Revealing mechanism and forms give orders of exclusive right. The legal nature of the copyright and place in system right is defined in it. Touch upon a problems of an identity of terms «the intellectual property» and «copyright». Put question about application to author's attitudes of the general norms of the property and possibility alienate the copyright.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):106-110
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The amenability of the egislation violation as an element of the right regimen of gardens, dachas andkitchen-gardens lots
Chikildina A.Y.
Abstract
This article examines the question of assigning responsibility gardeners, and summer residents for violation of the laws of the critical elements of the legal regime of the garden, summer garden plots. As in most scientific end of XX - beginning of XXI century, scientists have noted that the responsibility for violation of the requirements of the legislation as a common element of the legal regime of the land. Given that the Federal Law of April 15, 1998№ 66-FZ «On gardening, ogorodnicheskih and recreational non-profit associations of citizens» the question of responsibility of gardeners, summer residents devoted a separate article, the author believes is argued this point of view and the legal regime applicable to the dacha, garden,огородных land.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):111-116
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The constitutional and legal securing of the sovereignty in the national legislation of some states
Sharifov M.S.
Abstract
The article deals with the peculiarity of legal and technical reflection of sovereignty in legislation of separate states. One can refer to the peculiarity to understand public and state sovereignty in the legal doctrine of any state. Reflection of sovereignty in constitutions of post-Soviet republics is paid much attention to. Unconventional reflection of sovereignty in legal acts including domestic and international treaties is touch upon in the article.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):116-119
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Durkgame's scientific-research program inmedical sociology
Barieva A.A.
Abstract
Merits and drawbacks of Durkheimian research programme in its applications to medical sociology are discussed. It is argued that the programme under consideration can serve as conceptual basis of medical sociology investigations only in conjunction with other two classical programmes - sociologies of Marx and Weber.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):120-123
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Cognitive possibilities of the discourse analysis in the sociological research: the determination of the levelof the theoretical approaches
Vinogradova E.Y.
Abstract
In this article discourse-analysis is described as a specific method of contemporary sociological research, which has been formed on the basis of different theories from distinctive spheres of scientific knowledge: ethnography, social and cultural anthropology, linguistics etc. Some of the most important approaches to discourse-analysis are revealed in this work, interconnections and roles of various conceptions within the genesis of given method are elucidated. The concept of community is held as a fundamental and crucial one for all the theories of discourse-analysis: it is belonging to community that conditions adoption of specific ways (languages) of speaking and thinking by its members, determining their participation in social practices.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):124-129
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Commercial and entertaining complexes as a translator of the popular culturein a modern city
Lankinen Y.A.
Abstract
Currently occurs an expansion of cultural industry in daily routine. Commercialization of cultural life leads to a muss spreading of cultural products of foreign origin, unification of traditions, customs and ways of everyday life according to western patterns. From the beginning of 21 century trade and leisure centers are one of the sources of this changes in big Russian cities.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):130-135
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The phenomenonof nostalgia in the theoreticalsphere of thesocio-humanities
Merimerina M.A.
Abstract
The nostalgia gets deeper and deeper into the different spheres of human life and becomes an integral part of modernity. In the article the theoretical approaches to this phenomenon are present, the place of nostalgia is analyzing in different spheres of human activity.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):136-139
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The development of the poverty monitoring as the base of the managementaimed at the result
Teodorovich M.L.
Abstract
Poverty monitoring is the most significant component of the Poverty Reduction Strategy. This article describes the international experience in developing of a Poverty monitoring system and its use in one Russian region. According to the research results we argue that this system will develop more effectively within the frameworks of a coherent new national project whose focus priority should be on reducing of the effect of poverty in the country.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):140-150
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The health as a factor of the life quality of therural population
Fathullina L.Z.
Abstract
Health, as one of the factors of quality of life, in turn, is the result of the impact of the various elements of both external and internal environment. The article examined the impact of health care, lifestyle and ecological niche on health, and consequently on the quality of life of village population.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):151-155
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Separatism and theproblems of the unity safe-guardingand the state territorial integrityon the continent of Africa
Yavkin N.V.
Abstract
The nature of separatism problems on african continent is ruled by three factors: arbitrary frontiers determination by countries-metropolises, struggle between transnational corporations and developed states for natural resources and intertribal discord. In Africa the idea of self-determination of nations is dominating, it was expressed, first of all, in continent decolonization after World War II. Only later, in 1970s-1980s the african states leaders have taken to asserting the territorial integrity of the states. In practice of realization of self-determination right and territorial integrity defense pressure tactics of fight with separatists are prevailing. But this approach has led only to numerous victims and to deepening of contradictions between central authorities and separatists territories, that shows its uneffectiveness.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):156-161
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The globalizationand the civil society: the base tendenciesof the interaction
Galkina E.V.
Abstract
A globalization enters inevitable in our live. The Russian society has definite fear of coming global problems, including the world economic crisis. The political non-stability in the society is close connected with economic problems. The civil society undertakes some steps to the state structures which in turn don't hurry to work actively together with civil sector. Nevertheless the movement to civil society's rapprochement with the state is accelerating under globalization. The aim of the article is to find out the main tendencies of the relationships between global processes and civil society and also to indicate some perspectives.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):162-166
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The multiculturalism phenomenon as the theoretical problem
Manakova T.V.
Abstract
In this article the phenomenon of multiculturalism is considered as a theoretical problem that combines various concepts and searches of answers that are solved by all polycultural societies. Here the cases of forming and genesis of the problem of multiculturalism in the context of the development of an American thought and social and historic backgrounds of the appearance of the phenomenon of multiculturalism and its separation into the individual field of research in the American and Russian societies. In the works both of American and Russian researchers the various interpretations of multiculturalism are considered. There is the understanding of the questions of relationship and interactions of cultures in the epicenter of the theoretical approaches for the research of the phenomenon of multiculturalism.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):167-170
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INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHORS
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Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2009;9(1-2):171-173
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