Efficiency of modern correction methods of ovarian hyperandrogenism in puberty

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Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of correction of the ovarian hyperandrogenism (OHA) in girls in puberty.

Methods. 38 girls with OHA syndrome were examined. The average age of the girls was 14.39 ± 0.27 years. Ferriman-Gallwey hirsutism score was 19.7 ± 0.47, the hormonal score 18.14 ± 2.43, the indifferent score 2.34 ± 0.13. The comparison group included 20 girls matched by age (14.74 ± 0.15 years) with physiological course of puberty. The study included the evaluation of hirsutism severity by Ferriman-Gallway score, determination of the hormones of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-ovarian system in early follicular phase on day 5-7 of menstrual cycle.

Results. The causes of OHA syndrome in the pubertal period were found to be polycystic ovary syndrome in 68.42 % and tumor-like formations (follicular cysts) in 31.58 % of girls. Compared to healthy girls, the girls with OHA syndrome had statistically significantly higher values of luteinizing hormone (LH) - 9.19 ± 0.96 mME/ml, LH/FSH ratio - 1.8 ± 0.15, total testosteron (Ttotal) - 1.3 ± 0.11 ng/ml, estrone (E1) - 109.5 ± 4.88 ng/ml, androstenedione (An) - 4.01 ± 0.12 ng/ml as well as low values of estradiol (E2) - 49.1 ± 2.6 pg/ml and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) - 45.7 ± 2.14 nmol/l. The study demonstrated that correction of ovarian hyperandrogenism, promotes an increase in the level of E2, SHBG and decrease of the level of LH, LH/FSH ratio, Ttotal, An.

Conclusion. Complex pathogenetic therapy of OHA syndrome in girls in puberty leads to significant improvement of hormonal status in this group of patients.

E M Alieva

Azerbaijan State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: mic_amu@mail.ru
Baku, Azerbaijan

N E Akhundova

Azerbaijan State University

Email: mic_amu@mail.ru
Baku, Azerbaijan

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© 2018 Alieva E.M., Akhundova N.E.

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