Efficiency of modern correction methods of ovarian hyperandrogenism in puberty

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Abstract


Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of correction of the ovarian hyperandrogenism (OHA) in girls in puberty.

Methods. 38 girls with OHA syndrome were examined. The average age of the girls was 14.39 ± 0.27 years. Ferriman-Gallwey hirsutism score was 19.7 ± 0.47, the hormonal score 18.14 ± 2.43, the indifferent score 2.34 ± 0.13. The comparison group included 20 girls matched by age (14.74 ± 0.15 years) with physiological course of puberty. The study included the evaluation of hirsutism severity by Ferriman-Gallway score, determination of the hormones of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-ovarian system in early follicular phase on day 5-7 of menstrual cycle.

Results. The causes of OHA syndrome in the pubertal period were found to be polycystic ovary syndrome in 68.42 % and tumor-like formations (follicular cysts) in 31.58 % of girls. Compared to healthy girls, the girls with OHA syndrome had statistically significantly higher values of luteinizing hormone (LH) - 9.19 ± 0.96 mME/ml, LH/FSH ratio - 1.8 ± 0.15, total testosteron (Ttotal) - 1.3 ± 0.11 ng/ml, estrone (E1) - 109.5 ± 4.88 ng/ml, androstenedione (An) - 4.01 ± 0.12 ng/ml as well as low values of estradiol (E2) - 49.1 ± 2.6 pg/ml and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) - 45.7 ± 2.14 nmol/l. The study demonstrated that correction of ovarian hyperandrogenism, promotes an increase in the level of E2, SHBG and decrease of the level of LH, LH/FSH ratio, Ttotal, An.

Conclusion. Complex pathogenetic therapy of OHA syndrome in girls in puberty leads to significant improvement of hormonal status in this group of patients.


E M Alieva

Azerbaijan State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: mic_amu@mail.ru
Baku, Azerbaijan

N E Akhundova

Azerbaijan State University

Email: mic_amu@mail.ru
Baku, Azerbaijan

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Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ЭЛ № ФС 77-70434 от 20 июля 2017 года выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор)