Long-term consequences of the effect of alcohol on the fetus

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High alcohol consumption is a social problem in our country and the world. The paper analyzes Russian and foreign literary sources for studying fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). By now, there have been a certain amount of studies on female alcohol use during pregnancy. FAS is observed for 1000 live newborns. There is no standard accounting system for the diagnosis of FAS/FASDs in any country of the world. A historical reference is given regarding the nature of alcohol effect on the fetus; however, the problem of the effects of alcohol metabolites at the biochemical and molecular levels requires further investigation. The babies who were born with the signs of FAS are noted to have phenotypic changes in the cerebral cranium and viscerocranium, morphological changes in brain tissue, mental disorders, and behavioral, neurological disorders. To prevent the occurrence of FAS/FASDs in children, it is necessary to enhance the role of medical workers in educating young people about the risk factors of these diseases.

Conclusion: the dissemination of modern information and the transfer of knowledge to pregnant women and reproductive-aged women by physicians, psychologists, social pedagog-ists, and social workers about the irreparable harm of their alcohol use done to the child are extremely important to prevent FAS and FASDs.

It is necessary to fix the attention of the society on the problem of FAS, to popularize a healthy lifestyle, to foster the alcohol use culture, as the ubiquitous availability of alcoholic beverages and the lack of self-discipline lead to harmful consequences.

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About the authors

Anait Yu. Marianian

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Email: anait_24@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9544-2172

Dr. Med. Sci., Head of the Laboratory of Socially Important Problems of Reproductology, Leading Researcher, Scientific Center of Family Health
Problems and Human Reproduction; Associate Professor at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISMAPGE – Branch of the RMACPE, Ministry of Health of Russia

Russian Federation, Irkutsk

Anastasia O. Anisimova

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Author for correspondence.
Email: mozolewaao@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2067-4224

clinical intern and laboratory researcher at the Laboratory of Socially Important Problems of Reproductology

Russian Federation, Irkutsk

Anastasia N. Kalkova

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Email: Kalkova_Nastya@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7626-020X

graduate student and research assistant at the Laboratory of Socially Important Problems of Reproductology

Russian Federation, Irkutsk

Maria A. Rashidova

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Email: rashidovama@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4730-5154

PhD, Researcher at the Laboratory of Physiology and Pathology of the Endocrine System

Russian Federation, Irkutsk

Lyubov V. Rychkova

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Email: iphr@sbamsr.irk.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0117-2563

Professor, Dr. Med. Sci., Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director

Russian Federation, Irkutsk

Artyom E. Muradyan

Scientific Center of Family Health Problems and Human Reproduction

Email: don.muradian@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5350-0453

6th year student of the Faculty of Pediatrics

Russian Federation, Irkutsk


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