Experimental Modelling of the Processes for Connective Tissue Reparative Regeneration under Unfavorable Conditions

Abstract


The purpose of the work was to elaborate experimental model for transverse tenotomy with intersection of facial membranes and mesenteric vessels as well as to study the process of connective tissue reparative regeneration under created conditions. Experiment was performed on 25 chinchilla rabbits of both sexes, aged 1 month with weight 1376 ± 124.8 g. Processes of Achilles tendon reparative regeneration was studied on days 15, 21, 30, 60 and 90 after operation. Histomorphologic study showed that within 30 days after tenotomy the substitution of defect zone with friable, reach in cells and gradually maturating fibrous tissue took place. By the end of day 60 a considerable part of the defect was substituted by dense fibrous connective tissue assumed a scar pattern. On day 90 after tenotomy a reverse development of the defect zone with focal substitution of dense fibrous tissue by friable unformed connective tissue containing histiocytes, lymphoid cells and inclusions of fatty tissue foci was observed. At that term histologic structure of the specimen showed its relatively low mechanical strength. The achieved data enabled to demonstrate that performance of tenotomy with traumatization of peritendinous tissues adversely affected the dynamics and pattern of reparative processes in the tendinosus defect zone.

About the authors

M. V Vlasov

Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia


S. N Bugrov

Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Email: ser17619822009@yandex.ru

A. B Bogos’yan

Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia


I. V Musukhina

Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia


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Copyright (c) 2015 Vlasov M.V., Bugrov S.N., Bogos’yan A.B., Musukhina I.V.

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