Vol XLVI, No 2 (2014)

Articles
ACTIVITY OF FREE-RADICAL OXIDATION AT SMALL CHILDREN WITH SPASTIC FORMS OF CHILDREN’S CEREBRAL PARALYSIS AT EARLY RESIDUAL STAGE
Gajnetdinova D.D., Ayzatulina D.V.
Abstract
The activity of free-radical oxidation and expressiveness of clinical manifestation of disease (severity level) in children with spastic forms of children’s cerebral paralysis have been studied. It has been proved that in children with spastic diplegia of children’s cerebral paralysis and double hemiplegia with pathological changes of periventricular area the process of free-radical oxidation proceeds actively - the level of antiradical protection enzymes has been increased as well as products of lipid peroxidation. There was revealed a correlation of activity of oxidation processes and severity of clinical manifestations of children’s cerebral paralysis. It was established that a severe degree of the disease proceeds in the background of high-active peroxidation, especially of processes of lipid peroxidation.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):3-7
views
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SILENT CEREBRAL INFARCTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE AND THEIR CONNECTION WITH COGNITIVE DECLINE
Zhetishev R.R., Kamchatnov P.R., Mihailova N.A., Ivashchenko R.A.
Abstract
Risk factors of cerebral silent infarctions and their influence on state of cognitive functions have been studied in 124 patients, aged 50 -85. In 16 among 63 patients with cerebral silent infarctions there were multiple foci; in 61 patients with chronical cerebral ischemia there were no insults and transitory ischemic attacks in the medical history and data of neurovisualization examination. Neuropsychological test results showed that state of cognitive functions was worse in patients with silent infarctions. The obtained data confirm a negative influence of silent infarctions on cognitive functions’ state and increase the risk of progressing chronical cerebral ischemia.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):8-12
views
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS AND STRUCTURE OF ADDICTIVE DISORDERS
Korolenko T.P., Shpiks T.A.
Abstract
On the basis of analysis of chemical (alcoholic) and processual (food, sex, shopping, internet addiction, work addiction) relationships there were shown common psychophysiological mechanisms of various forms of addictions. There was analyzed the role of addictive triggers activation of addictive realizations. There were described characteristics of addictive and pre-addictive person, which are not equal to the disorders of the psychotic level. It was stressed inadequacy of the psychopharmacological treatment of addictions, especially the use of neuroleptic drugs and harmful because of the absence of the target symptoms and general inhibitory effect on the motivations and creativity.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):13-19
views
STRUCTURE OF MAIN REASONS OF LETHALITY OF SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENTS IN THE CITY (2007-2013)
Shepin V.O., Masyakin A.V.
Abstract
There were studied and statistically processed the archives of the psychiatric hospitals of Moscow, during the period 2007-2013 of 296 died schizophrenic patients. There was described the somatic morbidity rate at the moment of admission to hospital, causes of death and age mortality peculiarities of schizophrenic patients. It was demonstrated the prevalence of cardiovascular disorders, respiratory diseases and oncopathology that lead to death of schizophrenic patients.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):20-23
views
TREATMENT OF SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE IN ADOLESCENTS: PROBLEMS AND MODERN APPROACHES
Grechanyi S.V.
Abstract
This review contains information on common approaches to the treatment of substance dependence in adolescents. Described the principles of treatment of substance dependence in adolescents in relation to clinical features and patterns of disease. Presented various forms of drug treatment adolescents due on the severity of the disease and the presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders. There were described the evidence-based methods in assisting adolescents: multidimensional family therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):24-30
views
ANTICIPATION OF PERSONAL FEELINGS IN NORM AND AT MENTAL PATHOLOGY
Mendelevich V.D., Bakhtiyarov F.I.
Abstract
Article is devoted to the analysis of a problem of self-control, reflection, self-checking and anticipation. The conclusion that modern researches on an anticipation problem of a person’s feelings are insufficiently developed is drawn. However, studying features of anticipation of person’s feelings is important for understanding of process of adaptation of the person. For further development of all aspects of this process it is very essential to study a person’s ability to predicting his/her state, comparing it with the ability to anticipate events of external environment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):31-38
views
ABOUT DOSTOEVSKY
Fedorova S.S.
Abstract
This article presents a review of publications of psychiatrists, philologists and literary critics, discussing the question of differential diagnosis of F.M. Dostoevsky disease. The way his illness was incorporated in his art during different periods of time was analyzed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):39-47
views
ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS OF OUTPATIENT-AND-POLYCLINIC MEDICAL CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH STROKE
Parhomenko A.A., Erugina M.V., Kolokolov O.V., Kovalenko E.V.
Abstract
The authors have studied the expert opinion about medical aid quality to patients with stroke in the acute phase in home care. The impossibility to perform qualified medical aid because of outpatient aid peculiarities has been detected along with possible cases of application of this organizational technology.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):48-51
views
EXPERIENCE OF USING L-LYSINE AESCINAT AT VERTEBROGENIC LOW BACK PAIN SYNDROME
Makarov N.S., Kolokolov O.V., Elistratova T.P., Kuranova O.V., Tereshko V.N., Shakhova O.V., Eystrakh V.A.
Abstract
An intention of this study was to investigate the efficacy of «L-lysine aescinat» in complex treatment of acute and subacute low back pain, which arose as a neurological complication dorsopathies at the lumbar level. The study involved 50 patients who received standard therapy and 30 people also received «L-lysine aescinat». Patients in both groups showed similar significant positive clinical dynamics and improved quality of life to ten days of starting treatment. However, in the first group of patients indicators of usual daily activities, physical discomfort and rapid assessment of anxiety improved significantly faster on the fifth day (p <0, 01). «L- lysine aescinat» can provide more rapid reduction of pain, including potentiating the effects of other therapeutic medicines .
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):52-55
views
THE DIAGNOSTIC IMPORTANCE OF PHASE TRANSITIONS IN LIQUOR AT VASCULAR PATHOLOGIES
Ivanova N.E., Shadrin E.B., Vaskova N.L., Pashkevich M.E.
Abstract
On the basis of thermoimpedancemetry of liquor there were developed diagnostic and prognostic criteria of a degree of cerebral defeat and of a degree of a permeability of hematoencephalical barrier, as well as current and the forecast of an outcome of disease at a vascular encephalopathy. Parameters of liquor from 29 patients with vascular defeats of a brain were carried out. Parameters of phase transition in liquor show correlation with a degree of infringement of a hematoencephalical barrier and a damage rate of brain. Parameters of thermo-impedancemetry reflect a degree of defeat of brain at vascular pathologies and can be used as diagnostic and prognostic criteria.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):56-62
views
PREVALENCE PROPORTION OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH COMORBID SYPHILIS AND HIV-INFECTION
Petrova N.N., Chumakov E.M.
Abstract
272 case histories were studied by archival method. All patients admitted for treatment for various forms of syphilis in the St. Petersburg dermatological clinic in the period from 2006 to 2011 inclusive. A significant frequency of adjustment disorders, addictive disorders and personality disorders were established in patients with syphilis and HIV. Most patients had risky behavior and poor social adjustment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):63-66
views
NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS OF SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (CASE FROM A PRACTICE)
Matveeva T.V., Mullajanova R.F., Nalbat A.V.
Abstract
There was studied a clinical case of neurological complications at systemic lupus erythematosus. Analysis of neurologic semiology and differential diagnosis with neurologic complications at other systemic diseases has been performed. There was discussed the possibility of presence of mixed connective tissue disease in the patient.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):67-73
views
THE ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM PROVIDING DRUG TREATMENT TO CONVICTED PERSONS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
Data on structure of addictive pathology among the convicted persons in places of imprisonment in the Russian Federation are provided in the article. It is noted that there are more than 141,000 people with mental and substance abuse disorders in correctional facilities, of whom 62,700 have mental disorders, 56,400 were injecting drug users and 22, 600 patients with alcoholism. The system of obligatory and alternative treatment is analyzed. The conclusion about need of its improvement is drawn.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):74-77
views
CLINICAL - IMMUNOPHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATIONS OF PICA IN PERSONS WITH SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE
Savochkina D.N.
Abstract
Early and heavy pica may be actors of predisposition in formation of substance dependence. Pica in persons with substance dependence is associated with clinical-immunophysiological indices, as well as with immune, sensory systems and behavioral reactions. It is possible to perform predisposition diagnosis to formation of substance dependence.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):78-80
views
PSYCHOSEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF ASSOCIATIVE REACTIONS IN THE STATE OF ALCOHOLIC DEPENDENCE
Kupreeva K.S.
Abstract
The results of experimental research of 120 individuals in state of alcohol dependence and without dependence are shown. The research showed that during alcohol dependence semantic signification of object-meaningful stimuli is provided by paradigmatic association which supports the processes of meaning construction towards dependence object. This tendency is specific for alcohol dependence and significantly different from the lack of dependence.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):81-82
views
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STATUS OF PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOLIC PSYCHOSIS IN THE ANAMNESIS
Feoktistova E.V., Zaplatina Y.S.
Abstract
The differences in neuropsychological status of patients with alcoholism without psychotic symptoms and alcohol psychoses in the anamnesis were established. The study showed that neuropsychological deficits are more frequent and more expressed in patients with alcoholism with psychotic symptoms and alcohol psychoses in the anamnesis. The violation of the higher mental functions tends to increase depending on the duration of alcoholism and the number of transferred psychoses.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):83-85
views
THE RESULTS OF THE PREDISPOSITION DIAGNOSTICS TO DIFFERENT FORMS OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR IN HARD-OF-HEARING STUDENTS
Fadeeva E.V., Tsvetkova Y.V., Geronimus I.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the results of diagnostics of different aspects of deviant and addictive behavior, which includes using psychoactive substances, Internet-addiction and propensity to deviant behavior in juveniles with hearing disorders and in hard-of-hearing. Obtained results were compared with the level of respondents’ emotional intelligence.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):86-88
views
STUDYING THE STRUCTURE OF AGGRESSION IN JUVENILE DELINQUENTS ADDICTED TO PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
Nazarova I.A.
Abstract
Sample consists of 155 juvenile offenders who have been subjected to psychological testing by technique “Image of man” and Buss-Durkee test. The analysis of diagnostic techniques revealed demonstrative characteristics of the personality, psychological infantilism and high level of physical and verbal aggression. With the help of methods of statistical processing there was performed the correlation analysis, which made possible to concretize the main ways of interpretation of a projective method for this sample.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):89-91
views
A FEW PAGES FROM THE LIFE OF REPUBLICAN CLINICAL PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN (TO THE 145TH ANNIVERSARY FROM THE OPENING DATE)
Sozinov A.S., Ziganshin F.G., Mendelevich D.M.
Abstract
On the example of professors A.U. Phreze, T.I. Yudin, and an associate professor S.V. Kurashov, combining work in the department of psychiatry of Kazan University with the management of the Kazan psychiatric hospital, the article shows a close connection of scientific and practical psychiatry in Kazan.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):92-97
views
REVIEW ON MONOGRAPH BY IVANICHEV G.А., STAROSELTSEVA N.G. “GENERATING SYSTEMS IN NEUROPATHOLOGY”
Karlov V.А.
Abstract
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(2):98-100
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies