Vol 15, No 2 (2011)

Articles
Comparative pathomorphology of changes in the oral cavity tissues of rats following irradiation of photopolymerizes of different models
Kozlov D.V., Romanova Y.S., Molokanov N.Y., Kozlov D.V., Romanova Y.S., Molokanov N.Y.
Abstract
The objective of the present paper was to discuss the results of comparative studies of the skin, oral mucosa, and teeth in rats exposed to laser irradiation of different photopolymerizers used in stomatological practice. The changes induced by such irradiation are described for the first time including stromal oedema and plethora, infiltration of leukocytes and immune cells, activation of mast cells and fibroblasts. The importance of hard tooth tissues for pulp shielding is considered.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):4-6
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Investigations into morphological characteristics and chemical properties of silver-containing biocomposite coverings for dental implants
Lepilin A.V., Venig S.B., Lyasnikova A.V., Zakharevich A.M., Smirnov D.A., Mostovaya O.S., Lepilin A.V., Venig S.B., Lyasnikova A.V., Zakharevich A.M., Smirnov D.A., Mostovaya O.S.
Abstract
At present, it is widely believed that endosseous implantation into the fresh extraction sites is the method of choice in every relevant clinical situation. Given the risk of infectious complications associated with peri-radicular lesions, the local antimicrobial treatment is indicated. A dental implant with the silver-containing biocomposite coating has been developed. The in vitro study has been carried out to elucidate morphological and chemical properties of the surface of the new dental implant. In vivo experiments have demonstrated osteointegration of its internal structure with the biocomposite antibacterial coating.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):6-9
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Preclinical studies of preparations for skin wound healing based on nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and recombinant epidermal growth factor
Topol'nitskiy O.Z., D'yakova S.V., Sergeev S.A., Volozhin A.I., Topol'nitsky O.Z., D'yakova S.V., Sergeev S.A., Volozhin A.I.
Abstract
The present study was designed to evaluate the influence of a composite preparation containing nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and recombinant epidermal growth factor on the process of rat skin regeneration under experimental conditions. The preparation is shown to significantly accelerate skin regeneration.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):9-10
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Clinical features of interstitial sialoadenosis associated with viruses of the Herpesviridae family
Afanas'ev V.V., D'yachkova N.G., Nikolaeva E.N., Afanasiev V.V., D'yachkova I.G., Nikolaeva E.N.
Abstract
This virological study of a parotid secretion obtained from 31 patients presenting with chronic interstitial sialoadenosis has demonstrated that the prevalence of parotid gland lesions associated with herpes virus infection does not exceed 26%. Epstein-Barr virus infection accounts for 16% of the total cases. Viruses of the Herpesviridae family in the parotid glands cause less severe pain syndrome and pronounced glandular dysfunction.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):11-13
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The clinical efficacy of a whitening tooth paste containing 8% carbamide peroxide (Euroasian patent No 010030)
Saltovets M.V., Vinnichenko Y.A., Popovkina O.A., Dmitrova A.G., Saltovets M.V., Vinichenko Y.A., Popovkina O.A., Dmitrova A.G.
Abstract
The authors evaluated the clinical efficacy of a whitening tooth paste containing 8% of carbamide peroxide (Euroasian patent No 010030). Changes of hygienic indices, clinical features of gingivitis, and mean chromatic parameter in subjects using the tested tooth paste are described.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):13-15
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The role of antihypoxants in pathogenesis and therapy of periodontal inflammatory diseases
Georgiadi N.A., L'yanova D.K., Georgiadi T.V., Slonova V.M., Galabueva A.I., Georgiadi N.A., L'yanova D.K., Georgiadi T.V., Slonova V.M., Galabueva A.I.
Abstract
The results of the present study were used to substantiate the application of antihypoxant Oxiden for the combined treatment of patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis. This preparation was shown to be more efficacious than traditional therapy when applied to manage mild and moderately severe chronic generalized periodontitis.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):15-17
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Peculiarities of the development of dental caries and its complications in patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis
Skvortsova A.A., Grinin V.M., Skvortsova A.A., Grinin V.M.
Abstract
The authors describe peculiarities of the clinical course of dental caries, pulpitis, and periodontitis in patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis. The main factors associated with systemic pathology and contributing to the development of dental caries and its complications are considered. Statistical analysis of the influence of articular syndrome on the evolvement of carious lesions is presented.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):17-19
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The assessment of treatment efficacy in patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis from the content of phosphatidylinosites and their metabolites in the gingival blood
Zorina O.A., Kulakov A.A., Boriskina O.A., Zorina O.A., Kulakov A.A., Boriskina O.A.
Abstract
The authors consider the use of varying biochemical characteristics of phosphatidylinositol metabolism for the objective control of the efficacy of the treatment of patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis. The following trends have been revealed in the post-treatment period: normalization of phosphatidylinositol levels in the gingival blood suggesting cessation of the injurious action of aggressive factors on the periodontal tissues; recovery of the initial level of arachidonic acid that reflected reduction in the severity of the inflammatory process; normalization of the prostaglandin E2 content indicating reduced destruction of the bone tissue. It is concluded that comprehensive examination of the gingival blood from the patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis is the sole reliable approach to the assessment of the severity of the disease and the observation of dynamics of periodontal condition during treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):19-22
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The study on the dependence of the state of marginal periodontal tissues on the method of finishing the contact surface of restorations from a light-cure composite material
Makeeva I.M., Fomina O.E., Makeeva I.M., Fomina O.E.
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the state of marginal periodontal tissues after the treatment of the interdental surface of restorations from light-cure composite resins using different finishing strips. A total of 125 direct restorations on interproximal tooth surfaces were available for the clinical evaluation. It has been shown that the method of finishing the contact surface of restorations has an appreciable effect on the hygienic characteristics and PMA index of the interdental region. The best results were obtained in the group of patients treated with the use of plastic strips having four different degrees of abrasivity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):23-24
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Morphological, morphometric, and functional characteristics of melatonin-producing gingival mast cells in patients presenting with inflammatory periodontal diseases and dynamics of their post-treatment changes
Masumova V.V., Bulkina N.V., Osipova Y.L., Savina E.A., Masumova V.V., Bulkina N.V., Osipova Y.L., Savina E.A.
Abstract
The objective of this work was to evaluate quantitative density and functional activity of melatonin-producing mast cells of normal gingival mucosa obtained from the patients presenting with inflammatory periodontal diseases before and after their treatment. The study has demonstrated a significant decrease in the number of mast cells producing melatonin in gingival mucosa during inflammation of parodontium. Long-term follow-up observations (1, 3, and 6 months after the treatment) revealed a steady rise in the quantitative density of melatonin-producing gingival mast cells to a practically normal level in the patients with chronic generalized catarrhal gingivitis (CGCG) and mild chronic generalized periodontitis (mCGP). At the same time, this parameter remained much lower than the normal one in the patients presenting with moderate chronic generalized periodontitis (moCGP) and severe chronic generalized periodontitis (sCGP). Its value correlated with the degree of inflammatory and destructive changes in the periodontal tissues.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):25-27
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Preclinical diagnostics of dental periimplantitis
Tlustenko V.P., Gil'miyarova F.N., Golovina E.S., Tlustenko V.S., Kuznetsova E.A., Tlustenko V.P., Gil'miyarova F.N., Golovina E.S., Tlustenko V.S., Kuznetsova E.A.
Abstract
This paper is devoted to the biochemical research methods with special reference to their relevance and non-invasivity. The authors present the reference values for metabolic parameters of oral fluids (total protein, albumin, and calcium content) from the subjects of the control group without somatic and stomatologic pathology and from those having dental implants in the oral cavity. Comparison of normal and pathologically altered values provides a basis for the assessment of the risk of developing dental periimplantitis.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):28-29
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The characteristic of amphichiral nature of the distribution of periodontal bacteria in patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis
Tsarev V.N., Nikolaeva E.N., Pleskanovskaya N.V., Arutyunov S.D., Unanyan A.A., Martirosyan V.G., Tsarev V.N., Nikolaeva E.N., Pleskanovskaya N.V., Arutyunov S.D., Unanyan A.A., Martirosyan V.G.
Abstract
The species composition of type I pathogenic periodontal microflora was identified by the multiplex PCR technique. The study revealed the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans), Tannerella forsythia (Bacteroides forsythus), and Treponema denticola. The samples were taken from 300 periodontal pockets localized in symmetric regions of the oral cavity of 75 patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis. It was shown that 1/5 of the patients had type I paradontopathogenic bacteria in the examined regions; they were absent in 1/4 of the patients. The pigment-producing bacterial species (P. intermedia and P. gingivalis) could be found in 3 or 4 quadrants of the dentogingival sulcus with a probability of 50-70% whereas T. denticola and A. actinomycetemcomitan occurred only in one quadrant in 47-56% of the cases. The data obtained can be used to estimate the role of local and systemic etiological factors in the susceptibility of the organism and their contribution to the development of various pathological conditions. Moreover, they are of importance for the clinical diagnostics and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):29-31
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Diagnostics of the severity of the general medical condition in patients presenting with odontogenic phlegmons
Shalabaev O.D., Shalabaev O.D.
Abstract
A method is proposed for the assessment of the severity of general medical condition of the patients presenting with odontogenic phlegmons from the level of toxicity of the venous blood plasma outflowing from the intracranial cavity as determined in the paramecium test.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):31-32
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Clinical and organizational aspects of the development of maxillary sinus perforation in the patients undergoing tooth extraction in polyclinic departments
Shchipskiy A.V., Mukhin P.N., Kurbatova A.S., Shchipsky A.V., Mukhin P.N., Kurbatova A.S.
Abstract
Analysis of the results of examination and treatment of 103 patients presenting with oroanthral fistula admitted to a maxillofacial hospital has demonstrated the predominance of working-age subjects with this pathology in Moscow state-owned clinics and their unwillingness to correct perforation of the maxillary sinus immediately after tooth extraction. Diagnostic errors are supposed to be the main cause of perforation. The presence of "artifacts" in the maxillary sinus (such as tooth roots, rubber drains, and pharmaceutical products) give evidence of inadequate treatment. The authors emphasize the importance of updating the educational and methodological programs for the advanced training of stomatologists. Special attention should be given to the improvement of their practical skills in correcting maxillary sinus perforation during the regular outpatients' visits.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):32-34
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Preopatrative preparation of patients with severe odontogenic phlegmon
Amkhadova M.A., Shalabaev O.D., Amkhadova M.A., Shalabaev O.D.
Abstract
Features of carrying out of preoperative preparation at 260 patients with a heavy current of phlegmons of a jaw-obverse area with participation of the anesthesiologist and the jaw-obverse surgeon are shown, allowing considerably to lower risk of anesthesia, operational and nearest postoperative complications.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):35-36
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A prognostic model of individual guaranteed lifetime of removable partial dentures
Arutyunov S.D., Butova V.G., Kirillina M.R., Arutyunov S.D., Butova V.G., Kirillina M.R.
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to develop a prognostic model of individual guaranteed lifetime of removable partial dentures
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):36-39
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A technology for the control of the extent of stomatological aid provided by a medical insurance agency
Butova V.G., Olesova V.N., Butova V.G., Olesova V.N.
Abstract
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):39-43
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The dependence of parameters characterizing the stomatological status of an employee at an industrial enterprise on the extent and the quality of the previous dental treatment
Khavkina E.Y., Olesov E.E., Maksyukov S.Y., Makeev A.A., Rogatnev V.P., Magamedkhanov Y.M., Kuznetsov A.V., Kolyabina Y.V., Khavkina E.Y., Olesov E.E., Maksyukov S.Y., Makeev A.A., Rogatnev V.P., Magamedkhanov Y.M., Kuznetsov A.V., Kolyabina Y.V.
Abstract
Приведены показатели стоматологического статуса (СтС) и качества стоматологического лечения у лиц 35-44 лет при традиционной организации контроля качества в ведомственной стоматологической клинике. Проведено сравнение интенсивности стоматологических заболеваний с соответствующими показателями по Москве и России. Прослежена динамика улучшения СтС в зависимости от объема стоматологического лечения и показаны преимущества полной санации полости рта с включением зубного протезирования.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):43-45
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The possibility to use questionnaires for the estimation of the quality of life in partially toothless subjects
Bekmetova D.M., Lebedenko I.Y., Gurevich K.G., Malik M.V., Bykova M.V., Bekmetova D.M., Lebedenko I.Y., Gurevich K.G., Malik M.V., Bykova M.V.
Abstract
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(2):46-48
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