Vol 15, No 6 (2011)

Articles
Alflutop. Properties and applications
Petrovich Y.A., Shvyrkov M.B., Petrovich A.A., Lebedev V.K., Petrovich Y.A., Shvyrkov M.B., Petrovich A.A., Lebedev V.K.
Abstract
The properties and successful applications of alflutop are described based on the results of the treatment of the patients presenting with aticular lesions
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):4-5
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The algorithm for comprehensive diagnostics and treatment of the patients presenting with pathological occlusion complicated by muscular-articular dysfunction
Antonik M.M., Antonik M.M.
Abstract
The algorithm of diagnostics and combined therapeutic strategy has been developed to be applied for the management of the patients presenting with occlusive dental arch defects complicated by muscular-articular dysfunction of the temporomandibulat joint with the use of the up-to-date computer-aided technologies.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):6-7
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Investigations into the corrosive properties of noble dental alloys combined with noble and cobalt-chromium alloys with having a galvanic gold coating
Parunov V.A., Lebedenko I.Y., Safarova N.I., Grigor'ev D.V., Kareva M.A., Fishgoyt L.A., Belyakov D.V., Parunov V.A., Lebedenko I.Y., Safarova N.I., Grigoriev D.V., Kareva M.A., Fishgoyt L.A., Belyakov D.V.
Abstract
Определена разность потенциалов стоматологических сплавов плагодент, палладент и витирий-П, которые использовались в качестве референсных образцов (образцы сравнения) со сплавами на основе благородных и неблагородных компонентов, используемых для съемного бюгельного протезирования. Среди исследованных пар образцов пары со сплавом "Касдент" оказались электрохимически наиболее благоприятными. Бестоковые потенциалы сплавов в этих парах различаются незначительно, что обусловливает небольшие гальванические токи при совместном использовании конструкций из этих сплавов. Следовательно, можно предположить, что риск возникновения явлений непереносимости тоже значительно меньший, чем у сплавов в другом сочетании.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):7-9
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Accumulation and distribution of the "RadaDent plus" photosensitizer insulated with the "Diplen" film in the gum
Shugaylov I.A., Dzhanchatova A.R., Bulgakova N.N., Shugailov I.A., Dzhanchatova A.R., Bulgakova N.N.
Abstract
The high prevalence of periodontal diseases poses a challenging problem of the search for novel optimal medications and the methods of their application for the prevention and treatment of these pathologies taking into consideration the pathogenetic mechanisms of their development. Of particular interest in this respect is the method of antibacterial photodynamic therapy. The information on the accumulation and distribution patterns of photosensitizers in the gingival tissues as well as on the optimal time of their exposition is of primary importance for the development of the methods for antibacterial photodynamic therapy. In the present work, we investigated kinetics of the accumulation and distribution of the "RadaDent plus" chlorine photosensitizer in the gum after its application to the mandible and insulation with the "Diplen" film. The method of local fluorescence spectroscopy was used in the study. It has been shown that the optimal duration of photodynamic therapy is equivalent to the time of maximum accumulation of the photosensitizer in the tissue; it was estimated to equal 60 minutes.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):9-12
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Evaluation of the state of the marginal gum in the vicinity of the abutment teeth of the patients using for a long time unremovable metalloceramic constructions based on the alloys of noble and base metals
Lebedenko I.Y., Kitkina T.B., Dubova L.V., Vavilova T.P., Lebedenko I.Y., Kitkina T.B., Dubova L.V., Vavilova T.P.
Abstract
A total of 44 patients were enrolled for the examination. All of them during a long time used unremovable metallic ceramic prostheses with the framework manufactured from the gold-containing "Super KM" alloy or the "KXC" cobalt-chromium alloy. The results of the study indicate that 34% of the patients presented with the clinical manifestations of gingivitis differing in the degree of severity. These symptoms were unrelated to the possible negative effects of the metal ions contained in the alloys.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):13-16
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The removal of salivary calculi from different segments of the submandibular duct
Abdusalamov M.R., Afanas'ev V.V., Magadov I.A., Abdusalamov M.R., Afanasiev V.V., Magadov I.A.
Abstract
The authors have developed the organ-preserving method for the removal of salivary calculi from the middle and distal segments of the submandibular duct. It is concluded that the proposed method allows the affected salivary gland to be preserved and postoperative complications avoided provided the surgical intervention is performed in compliance with the recommended procedure.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):16-17
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The values of electrical conductivity of hard tissues of the teeth undergoing sealing of carious cavities with the use of fluoride-containing materials
Glukhova E.A., Morozova S.I., Yudina Y.A., Fuks E.I., Glukhova E.A., Morozova S.I., Yudina Y.A., Fuks E.I.
Abstract
The primary objective of the present clinical study was to estimate marginal adaptation of the fillings used for the treatment of secondary caries and to obtain comparative characteristics of electrical conductivity at the tooth-filling interface depending on the nature of filling materials. A total of 120 patients aged from 18 to 55 years were available for the dynamic observation. The results of the study made it possible to identify the filling materials the use of which permits to achieve maximally efficacious and persistent marginal adaptation, improve the resistance of the hard dental tissues, and reduce percentage of post-treatment complications.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):18-19
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The clinical assessment of the new method for tooth preparation in the patients with periodontitis
Ermak E.Y., Olesova V.N., Parilov V.V., Ermak Y.M., Ermak E.Y., Olesova V.N., Parilov V.V., Ermak Y.M.
Abstract
The results of a clinical trial of the new method for the tooth preparation in the patients with periodontitis are presented. The study has demonstrated that the use of the proposed method makes it possible to relieve psychological stress experienced by the patients with periodontitis just before the tooth preparation for artificial crowns. In addition, the method being considered permits to accurately determine the amount of the hard tooth tissue removed during preparation and thereby to avoid damage to the pulp and periodontium.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):20-22
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A combined injury in the maxillofacial region, diagnostic and neurophysiological aspects
Karpov S.M., Khristoforando D.Y., Karpov S.M., Khristoforando D.Y.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):23-24
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Dynamics of the parameters of cardiorespiratory synchronism and their use for the estimation of the efficacy of treatment of the patients presenting with deformations of the dental arches
Lapina N.V., Lapina N.V.
Abstract
The objective of the present study was to obtain the quantitative assessment of the characteristics of the quality of life in the patients presenting with deformations of the dental arches and to compare them before and after the correction of the defects as well as after the final orthopedic treatment. The estimates were generated using the results of the MOS SF-36 questionnaire study. The analysis of dynamics of the characteristics of the quality of life over the entire period of the treatment of partial toothlessness including specialized orthopedic preparation (correction of deformations of the dental arches) has demonstrated that changes of the components of physical health (with the exception of indicators of general health) were significantly less pronounced than alteration of the components of psychic health during the period of specialized orthopedic preparation alone. It is concluded that the replenishment of the dental arches following correction of deformations results in the alteration of summarized psychic characteristics whereas saggregate physical characteristics remain virtually unaltered.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):25-27
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The state of dental healthcare services provided to the population of the Republic of Kalmykiya and the prospects for their further development taking into consideration the local climatic and geographic factors
Khongorov V.A., Grinin V.M., Khongorov V.A., Grinin V.M.
Abstract
The authors present information about the climatic and geographic features of the Republic of Kalmykiya and their influence coupled with that of water consumption patterns and employment history on the dental health of the local population. Based on the currently available data, the authors arrived at the conclusion that the climatic and geographic factors of the Republic of Kalmykiya exert the unfavourable influence on the dental health of its population.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):27-30
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The vegetative support in the acute period in the patients with a craniofacial injury
Khristoforando D.Y., Khristoforando D.Y.
Abstract
This study included 81 patients (mean age 33 years) who had experienced a craniofacial injury. They were examined with the use of clinical and neurophysiological methods taking into consideration the data from medical histories. The functioning of the vegetative nervous system was estimated from the measurements of the initial vegetative tone, vegetative support, and vegetative reactivity obtained by cardiointervalography (CIG). Dysfunction of the reparative mechanisms turned out to be more pronounced in the patients with the history of neurologic disorders than in those having the unburdened previous medical history.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):30-32
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The first data about the treatment of the patients presenting with the diseases of the temporomandibular joint using intra-articular injections of alflutop
Shvyrkov M.B., Petrovich Y.A., Zakharova K.E., Shevkhuzhev Z.S., Shvyrkov M.B., Petrovich Y.A., Zakharova K.E., Shevkhuzhev Z.S.
Abstract
The present study included 38 patients presenting with the diseases of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Fifteen of them had incomplete dislocation of the mandible, 9 - reducible dislocations, 9 - deforming arthrosis of TMJ, 3 - dislocation of the articular disk, and 2 - ancylosis of TMJ. All the patients were treated using intra-articular injections of alflutop. This therapy resulted in the recovery from the disease in 14 patients and the improvement of clinical conditions in 12. The state of the remaining 12 patients was not appreciably altered after the treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):32-35
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The estimation of the efficacy of photodynamic therapy of the inflammatory periodontal diseases with the use of the "RadaDent" photosensitizer
Shugaylov I.A., Dzhanchatova A.R., Bulgakova N.N., Lisitsin D.V., Khamukova O.S., Reshetnikov A.V., Shugailov I.A., Dzhanchatova A.R., Bulgakova N.N., Lisitsin D.V., Khamukova O.S., Reshetnikov A.V.
Abstract
The search for new efficacious photosenitizers that could be widely aapplicable for the treatment of inflammatory periodontal diseases continues to be a challenging problem in modern stomatology. The present work was designed to estimate the efficacy of the new "RadaDent" photosensitizing preparation developed for photodynamic therapy of inflammatory diseases of the periodontal tissues. The study allowed both the time course and the dose regimen of laser irradiation to be substantiated. It was shown that the pronounced anti-inflammatory effect of such therapy in the absence of local and/or systemic toxic and allergic reactions can be achieved after three sessions of photodynamic treatment using an effective light dose of 7.5 - 15 J/cm3 depending on the severity of the pathological process.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):35-37
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The aesthetic criteria for the relationship between ceramic masses and plastic teeth to be used in the correction of dental arch defects
Remizova A.A., Akimova M.Y., Kozlov S.V., Gadzhiev R.S., Remizova A.A., Akimova M.Y., Kozlov S.V., Gadzhiev R.S.
Abstract
At present, partial defects of dental arches are frequently corrected with the use of clasp prostheses in combination with metallic ceramic restorations on the adjacent teeth. However, the choice of the adequate materials for this purpose encounters difficulties arising from the incompatibility of both colour and transparency between plastic teeth and metallic ceramic crowns. In the present study, we undertook a comparative analysis of the color grade of artificial denture teeth (Cosmo HXL, Ortolux Top, Kenson, New Ace and Naperce, Simplerr, and Soluut PX) and coating ceramic systems (Duceram plus and Duceram kiss ("DeguDent"), HeraCeram ("Heraeus Kilzer"), and Vita omega 900 ("Vita"). We compared the basic hues of the neck, body, and cutting edge of the finished metallic ceramic restorations and artificial teeth. The colour was evaluated visually against the standard black background with the use of a Demettron Light ("KerrrHawe") dental lamp. The following optimal options for the combined dental prosthetic treatment have been found: - Duceram kiss ("DeguDent") ceramic and acrylic teeth Ortolux Top; - HeraCeram ("Heraeus Kilzer") ceramic and acrylic teeth Kenson; - Vita omega 900 ("Vita") ceramic and acrylic teeth Cosmo HXL and New Ace and Naperce; - Duceram kiss ("DeguDent") ceramic and artificial teeth Soluut PX.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):38-40
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The plastic face shield - an efficacious device for the prevention of occupational infections in dental orthopedist
Egorova T.A., Vuraki N.K., Larionov V.M., Egorova T.A., Vuraki N.K., Larionov V.M.
Abstract
In order to lessen the influence of harmful factors on stomatologists-orthopedists carrying out odontotic tooth preparation, we recommend that they should use the protective plastic face shield.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):40-41
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Dynamics of the characteristics of the "quality of life" estimated from the MOS SF-36 questionnaire and their use for the subjective evaluation of the efficacy of treatment in the patients presenting with deformations of the dental arches
Lapina N.V., Olesov E.E., Khavkina E.Y., Aksamentov A.D., Zolotarev A.S., Lapina N.V., Olesov E.E., Khavkina E.Y., Aksamentov A.D., Zolotarev A.S.
Abstract
The objective of the present study was to obtain the quantitative assessment of the characteristics of the quality of life in the patients presenting with deformations of the dental arches and to compare them before and after the correction of the defects as well as after the final orthopedic treatment. The estimates were generated using the results of the MOS SF-36 questionnaire study. The analysis of dynamics of the characteristics of the quality of life over the entire period of the treatment of partial toothlessness including specialized orthopedic preparation (correction of deformations of the dental arches) has demonstrated that changes of the components of physical health (with the exception of indicators of general health) were significantly less pronounced than alteration of the components of psychic health during the period of specialized orthopedic preparation alone. It is concluded that the replenishment of the dental arches following correction of deformations results in the alteration of summarized psychic characteristics whereas aggregate physical characteristics remain virtually unaltered.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):42-44
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The prevalence, severity and history of the periodontal disease
Tebloeva L.M., Dmitrieva L.A., Gurevich K.G., Tebloeva L.M., Dmitrieva L.A., Gurevich K.G.
Abstract
During most of the XXth century, periodontal diseases were considered to be one of the most serious problems facing public healthcare services because they affect the majority of the people above 35 years of age. Moreover, all the people were believed to be at an equal risk of developing these pathologies. The understanding of the role of causative bacterial agents in pathogenesis of periodontitis, mechanisms of congenital and acquired immunity, and regulation of the inflammatory processes at the molecular and cellular levels made it possible to propose new methods for the treatment and prophylaxis of periodontal pathology.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):44-45
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Stimulirovanie reparativnogo osteogeneza pri vospolnenii ogranichennykh defektov v chelyustno-litsevoy oblasti
Krasnov M.S., Ter-Asaturov G.P., Shaykhaliev A.I., Rodionov A.D., Arazashvili L.D.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(6):46-48
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