Vol 16, No 1 (2012)

Articles
THE INVESTIGATION INTO ADHESIVE PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE DENTAL RESTORATIVE MATERIALS DEPENDING ON THE THERMAL EXPANSION COEFFICIENT
Elgina A.N., Morozova S.I., Ulitenko A.I., Glukhova E.A.
Abstract
This study was focused on the elucidation of the temperature dependence of the expansion coefficient of a number of composite dental filling materials, such as Composite, Alert, Filtek Z250, Valux Plus, Charisma, and Admira Flow.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):4-5
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ANTIBATERIAL EFFECTS OF ZINC DURING APEX-PHORESIS
Efanov O.I., Tsarev V.N., Volkov A.G., Nosik A.S., Dikopova N.Z., Shpilko A.L., Tret’yakov A.A.
Abstract
This work was designed to study antibaterial effects of zinc used in apex-phoresis. The data obtained indicate that the application of zinc electrodes can not be recommended for the purpose of apex-phoresis because their antibacterial activity against the majority of pathogenic microflora species known to occur in the root canals of the teeth is much lower than that of the currently used silver-copper electrodes. Zinc should be used during apex-phoresis in the form of sulphate as a component of electrolyte solution for the moistening of the root canals. A 2% zinc sulphate solution was shown to produce a well-apparent antibacterial effect.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):5-9
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THE INVESTIGATION INTO TOXIC AND HYGIENIC PROPERTIES OF DENTAL MATERIALS MODIFIED WITH SILICON AND SILVER NANOPARTICLES
Kalivradzhyan E.S., Chirkova N.V., Ryzhova I.P., Primacheva N.V.
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to study toxic and hygienic properties of dental materials modified with silicon and silver nanoparticles. The biocompatibility of these materials was estimated in experiments carried out on 150 white rats.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):9-12
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MORPHO-FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SPONGIOUS BONE TRABECULAE OF HUMAN CONDYLAR PROCESS
Slesarev O.V.
Abstract
A change in the anatomical position of the articular structures is known to alter strain transmission properties of the head of the mandible, cause adaptive rearrangement of its structural elements, and induce transformation of tissue trophic characteristics. These facts should be taken into consideration when choosing methods for the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) diseases. It is concluded that caution is needed when using the methods based on the inhibition of the functional activity of TMJ constituent elements.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):12-15
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STIMULATION OF REGENERATIVE ACTIVITY OF PERIODONTAL TISSUES BY EXTREMELY HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION
Sletov A.A., Sirak S.V., Pereverzev R.V., Kononenko V.I., Kirichenko V.E.
Abstract
This paper is designed to report the results of experimental investigations into regenerative properties of osteoplastic materials used in combination with autologous fibroblasts and extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation. This approach is shown to produce anti-edematous effect, accelerate metabolic and reparative processes in the treated tissues. These findings provide a basis for the application of the method being considered for the management of periodontitis.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):15-16
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A VIRTUAL-REAL METHOD FOR DIAGNOSTICS, PLANNING, AND ORTHOPEDIC TREATMENT OF THE PATIENTS WITH OCCLUSAL DISORDERS COMPLICATED BY MUSCULOARTICULAR DYSFUNCTION OF THE TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
Antonik M.M.
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to develop the algorithm for diagnostics and therapeutic strategy of the combined treatment of the patients presenting with occlusal disorders complicated by musculoarticular dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) based on the application of modern computer-assisted technologies. The proposed virtual-real diagnostic modality was evaluated on a total of 237 patients allocated to two groups, one composed of 160 subjects with the affected molar occlusal surface, the other comprised of 77 patients either having seriously damaged crowns of the masticatory teeth or totally devoid of them. The virtual-real methods was applied for the purpose of diagnostics and treatment in 104 patients 74 of whom had all dentistry procedures completed and the remaining 30 ones were prepared for the final prosthetic treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):17-21
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THE EXPERIENCE WITH THE APPLICATION OF ANTIHOMOTOXIC THERAPY IN THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH CHRONIC NON-SPECIFIC SIALADENITIS AND SIALADENOSIS
Afanasiev V.V., Zoryan E.V., Krasnikova T.V.
Abstract
The authors report the results of the treatment of the patients with chronic non-specific sialadenitis and sialadenosis using the antihomotoxic preparation Traumeel S. The study included 55 patients presenting with non-tumorigenic salivary gland pathology. Traumeel S was applied either in the form of injections or for external blockade. The study has demonstrated good therapeutic effect of Traumeel S in the patients with chronic non-specific sialadenitis and sialadenosis. The preparation may be used as monotherapy and produces no serious adverse effects.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):22-24
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THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE INFORMATIVE VALUE OF DIAGNOSTIC COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ROENTGENOGRAPHY AND ORTHOPANTOMOGRAPHY IN THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH CERTAIN DISEASES OF THE TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
Volovar O.S., Malanchuk V.A., Topchiy D.V.
Abstract
The results of the examination of 222 patients of the mean age of 26.3 +- 8.0 years presenting with the diseases of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are presented. The analysis of orthopantomograms, X-ray and CT scans obtained from the patients presenting with TMJ arthrosis, arthropathy, and dysplasia was performed. The data obtained were used to estimate the comparative diagnostic value of these procedures. X-ray symptoms characteristic of certain nosological groups with TMJ diseases were determined.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):25-29
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THE APPLICATION OF SCLEROSING THERAPY FOR THE COMBINED TREATMENT OF VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS OF THE HEAD AND THE NECK
Korotkikh N.G., Ol’shansky M.S., Stepanov I.V.
Abstract
The surgical treatment of vascular malformations of the head and the neck is fraught with a high risk of intraoperative bleeding and extensive postoperative cosmetic defects. Ninety four patients exhibited malformations of the low-speed type that corresponds to the venous and capillary form. Sclerotherapy was used in 16 patients with venous and capillary malformations of the head and the neck. Five of them were treated with the use of a novocaine-containing 70% alcohol solution, and the remaining 11 with aethoxysklerol at various concentrations. The use of sclerosing therapy for the management of low-speed malformations was shown to reduce the risk of bleeding during the subsequent surgical interventions. It is concluded that certain sclerotherapeutic modalities may be an alternative to surgery for the patients with extensive venous and/or capillary malformations. Specifically, the administration of a 1% aethoxysklerol for sclerotherapy of venous malformations of the head and the neck may have a good outcome with minimal complications.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):30-31
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COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH SECOND OSTEOARTHROSISOF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
Sulimov A.F., Felker V.V., Savchenko R.K., Aksenov S.I.
Abstract
The article represents the results of study, purpose of which was to increase the effectiveness in the treatment of patients with second osteoarthrosisof temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by introduction "Alflutop" into the complex of the therapeutic measures. The algorithm of investigation and treatment of patients with dislocations of articulardisk has been developed. Application of ""Alflutop" in patients with TMJ osteoarthrosis leads to stabilization of the thickness of articular cartilage, the more complete restoration of joint function and decrease of painful syndrome.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):32-34
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CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS CO-MORBIDWITHKNEEJOINT OSTEOARTHRITIS:INDUCTION ANDPROLONGATION OF REMISSION, OUTCOMES OF THE TREATMENT
Trunin D.A., Movshovich B.L., Netesov A.F.
Abstract
In the present study the criteria of evidence-based medicine were applied for the estimation of the efficacy of two methods designed to induce clinical remission and its prolongation in the patients presenting with chronic periodontitis and concomitant knee joint osteoarthritis. Monotherapy with the use of the arthrofoon preparation containing ultralow doses of antibodies against tumour necrosis factor-alpha, the principal anti-inflammatory cytokine, was carried out during a period of up to 12 months. The data obtained were compared with the results of traditional "upon request" therapy in the patients who had refused to undergo treatment with arthrofoon and suffered exacerbation of clinical symptoms. The evaluation of the outcomes of both therapeutic modalities in terms of evidence-based medicine and revealed high efficacy of arthrofoon monotherapy for the treatment of combined stomatological and arthrological pathology.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):35-36
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PLANNING AND PERFORMING THE BALLOON SINUSLIFT PROCEDURE DURING PREPARATION FOR DENTAL IMPLANTATION
Ushakov A.R.
Abstract
The state of the maxillary sinusis was estimated in the patients with its low-set bottom in conjunction with the evaluation of the efficacy of the balloon sinuslift procedure in the course of preparation for dental implantation. Computer tomograms and outpatient medical records of 140 stomatological patients were available for the analysis. Eighteen (12,9%) of the patients were found to have contraindications of the local character for the balloon sinuslift at the time of examination. Fifty one patients had a minimal number of complications following this operation (n = 59). Specifically, the postoperative oedema was documented only in 3 (5.9%) patients while neither hematomas nor the release of the osteotropic material was documented. None of the patients reported painful sensation or the impairment of working capacity. A modification of the proposed method is described that allows to improve the conditions for the performance of balloon sinuslift in difficult of access regions (such as distal maxillary portions) and thereby to enhance the precision of the surgical manipulations
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):37-40
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THE PROPERTIES OF THE GINGIVAL FLUID FROM THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH ACUTE GINGIVITIS AND CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS
Tsybikov N.N., Domanova E.T., Zobnin V.V., Ignatov M.Y., Maslo E.Y., Isakova N.V.
Abstract
In the present study involving 30 patients presenting with acute catarrhal gingivitis and chronic periodontitis, we measured the levels of immunoglobulins (IgM, IgA, IgE, total IgG and its subclasses) and cytokines (IL-1-beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha); in addition, the absorption capacity and phagocytic activity of intact neutrophils were determined after their incubation with the gingival fluid. The latter ’s coagulative and fibrinolytic properties were studied. It was shown that exacerbation of gingivitis is associated with enhanced activity of the gingival fluid that in its turn leads to the increase of the phagocytic number and phagocytic index, the levels of IgM, IgA, and IgG subclasses, IL-6 and TNF-alpha concentration. The gigngival fluid obtained from the patients presenting with acute gingivitis suppressed phagocytosis. It is concluded that the elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels, increased coagulative capacity and decreased fibrinolytic activity of the gigngival fluid are the common characteristics of acute gingivitis and chronic periodontitis.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):40-42
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SURGICAL TREATMENT OF THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH ALVEOLAR CREST NEOPLASMS
Shchipskiy A.V., Khripunkov V.A.
Abstract
The authors propose a method for the isolation of postoperative bone wounds in the alveolar crest region. It was shown that a wound dressing in the form of a silicone membrane creates the optimal conditions for bone wound healing in the mouth cavity up to its epithelization. This technically simple and cost-effective method is characterized by fairly well predictable results regardless of the size of the postoperative wound and other factors.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):43-45
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THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC AND VALIDITY OF SUBJECTIVE METHODS FOR THE ESTIMATION OF THE DEGREE OF ANXIETY STRESS USED IN STOMATOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
Milenin V.V.
Abstract
The objective of the present randomized observational study was to compare the efficacy of the visual-analog scales (VAS) and other tools (such as certain test-scoring systems) applied to the estimation of the degree of anxiety stress in the children ’s stomatological practice. The participants of the study were 356 children allocated to three groups and their parents. They were surveyed with the use of the VAS, STAIC, STAI, mYALE, DAS, and MAS anxiety scales. The latter two scales were specially developed for the group of recipients of the stomatological aid including young and adult patients. The mean age of the patients in groups 1, 2, and 3 was 4.86 +- 1,3; 9.76 +- 1.8, and 13.8 +- 2.1 years respectively. All the patients voluntarily received stomatological care. It is concluded that the VAS anxiety scale provides a useful objective tool for the estimation of the degree of dental phobia in the children aged above 7 years. The results of the present estimation fairly well correlate with those obtained with the help of other test-scoring systems.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):45-49
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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL INJURY EXEMPLIFIED BY THE SITUATION IN THE CITY OF STAVROPOL
Karpov S.M., Khristoforando D.Y., Shevchenko P.P., Sharipov E.M., Abidokova F.A.
Abstract
Diagnostics and treatment of combined maxillofacial and craniocerebral injuries remain the challenging problems in the modern stomatological practice. We have analysed 2,604 case histories accumulated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery of a Stavropol hospital during 5 years in order to estimate the proportion of craniomaxillofacial injuries among the totality of maxillofacial traumas. It was shown that most such injuries are diagnosed in young able-bodied subjects. Maxillofacial injuries frequently occur in conjunction with brain damage and tend to mask clinical manifestations of craniocerebral dtrauma. Such cases require specialized neurological treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):50-51
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CHARACTERISTIC OF THE STOMATOLOGICAL STATUS AND THE INFLUENCE OF THE CONCURRENT EXOGENOUS FACTORS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEOPLASMS IN THE OROPHARYNGEAL REGION
Nurieva N.S.
Abstract
Late diagnostics of the tumors of the head and the neck is supposed to be due to the absence of oncological vigilance in the patients, their poor awareness of on precancer conditions, and rather rare visits to the dentist ’s office. Taken together, these circumstances account for the unsatisfactory condition of the mouth organs and tissues. Besides, the exogenous factors, such as residence at large industrial cities, smoking, and hazardous employment exert the adverse influence on the initial stomatologic status of the patients of this category.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):52-54
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THE INFLUENCE OF DENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS ON THE STUDENTS' QUALITY OF LIFE
Khudyakova L.I.
Abstract
The objective of this paper was to analyse the life quality of 150 students aged between 17 and 25 years having confirmed diagnosis of dento-maxillary pathology. The control group was comprised of the students who didn‘t have stomatological disorders (150 subjects). The SF-36 questionnaire (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form) was used to obtain the data necessary for the comparison of life quality characteristics. The results of the study indicate that the students with and without dento-maxillary pathology were characterized by the virtually identical physical health (PH) component. At the same time, the deterioration of the quality of life in the patients with stomatological problems was significantly more pronounced when evaluated based on the scales that are designed to estimate psychic health.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(1):54-56
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