Vol 16, No 3 (2012)

Articles
OCTACALCIUM PHOSPHATE. THE METASTABLE PHASE OF MINERALIZATION OF ORGANIC APATITES
Gurin A.N., Petrovich Y.A., Komlev V.S., Fadeeva I.V., Barinov S.M.
Abstract
This report presents a review of the literature and original investigations of the authors concerning the structure, synthesis and hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate as well as its participation in biomineralization of the bone and hard dental tissues. The possibilities of using this new synthetic bone scaffold as an osteoplastic material for the acceleration of bony tissue regeneration are discussed.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):4-8
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THE INVESTIGATION INTO THE HYDROLYTIC RESISTANCE OF BASE RESINS FOR THE ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES
Domenyuk D.A., Zelensky I.V., Ivancheva E.N.
Abstract
The hydrostatic resistance of base acrylic resins designed for the fabrication of orthopedic devices was estimated by measuring the surface energy and penetration coefficient with the help of the edge wetting angle technique. It was shown that the photocurable base material "Triad" exhibits the marked hydrolytic resistance and high anti-adhesive properties preventing the deposition of microorganisms from the oral fluids. Reduced bacterial population density in the tissues of the denture supporting area makes it possible to improve the efficacy of the orthodontic methods and enhances the probability of favourable prognosis of long-term clinical results.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):9-13
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CHARACTERISTICS OF APOPTOSIS AND NO SYNTHASE IN THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF THE HUMAN THE MAXILLARY SINUS IN CASE OF AN INJURY AND CHRONIC INFLAMMATION
Edranov S.S.
Abstract
This study has demonstrated that a mechanical injury and chronic rhinosinusitis are associated with a rise in the activity of an inducible isoenzyme of N0 synthase (iNOS) and an increase of the apoptotic index in the mucous cells of the maxillary sinus of man. In the case of a fracture of the upper jaw, the apoptotic nuclei are visualized throughout the entire cross section of the many-layer epithelium and the mucous membrane showing the tendency toward assembling into focal groups. However, under conditions of chronic inflammation, the apoptotic fibroblast-like and mast cells predominate in the deep-lying submucous layers. The results of the study are discussed in the context of the data about the cytotoxic and apoptogenic function of NO in the mucous membrane.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):13-16
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THE APPLICATION OF TITANIUM DEVICES COATED WITH NANOSTRUCTURED BIOMATERIALS FOR THE COMBINED TREATMENT OF MANDIBLE FRACTURES
Korotkikh N.G., Bugrimov D.Y., Larina O.E., Stepanov I.V., Stanislav I.N.
Abstract
The surgical treatment of mandibular fractures depends on the use of various metal structures. The present paper summarizes the authors’ experience with the application of nanostructured titanium miniplates coated with nanostructured hydroxyapatite. The efficacy of these devices is illustrated by the results of experiments on the laboratory animals.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):16-18
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ESTIMATION OF THE EFFICACY OF TREATMENT OF THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH NON-TUMOROUS PATHOLOGY OF THE SALIVARY GLANDS AFTER THE APPLICATION OF TRAUMEEL S IN THE HIGH-RESOLUTION ULTRASOUND STUDY
Afanasiev V.V., Vasiliev A.Y., Smyslenova M.V., Shorikov A.Y., Krasnikova T.V.
Abstract
The results of dynamic observation of the patient presenting with chronic and dystrophic diseases of the salivary glands before and after the conservative treatment are presented. The outcomes of therapy using the homeopathic preparation Traumeel S have been estimated based on the data of the high-resolution ultrasound study. The positive echodynamic patterns that developed as a result of the efficacious treatment reflected a decrease of the size of the initially enlarged salivary glands and, in certain cases, the improvement of their blood supply.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):18-19
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THE MICROBIAL LANDSCAPE OF THE ORAL CAVITY IN THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH GNATHIC DEFECTS AND LOCAL ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY
Astashina N.B., Rogozhnikov G.I., Gorovits E.S., Karpunina T.I.
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to estimate the antibiotic and anti-inflammatory effects of "Klyuchi ’ mineral water in the patients presenting with the defects of upper and lower jaws. The clinical and microbiological examination involved a total of 40 subjects including 15 patients with the defects of the upper and lower jaws whose rehabilitative treatment was carried out with the use of the mineral water for irrigation and rinsing of the oral cavity. Ten patients with gnathic defects who used distilled water for rinsing and irrigation constituted the control group. It was shown that the treatment with mineral water resulted in a decrease of the number of CF strains of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms and a reduction of their virulence potential. Specifically, more than half of them did not show hemolytic properties and almost all lost the phospholipase activity. Importantly, the microbial associations in 13 patients included fungi of the genus Candida, mostfrequently in the diagnostically important titers (≥ 104 CFU / ml). The irrigation of the oral cavity with mineral water allowed their complete elimination to be achieved. The results of the study have demonstrated the high balneotherapeutic efficacy of the "Klyuchi" drinking mineral water which gives ground to recommend its application for the treatment and prevention of oral cavity dysbacteriosis in the patients presenting with the defects of both jaws and after osteoplastic interventions on the mandible.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):20-22
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PECULIARITIES OF CLINICO-IMMUNOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF COMMON INFLAMMATORY DISEASE OF THE SOFT TISSUES IN THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION AND THEIR COMPLICATIONS
Durnovo E.A., Vysel’tseva Y.V., Mishina N.V., Khomutinnikova N.E., Marochkina M.S.
Abstract
The results of analysis of clinical and morphological characteristics of the inflammatory process in the maxillofacial region are reported based on the observation of 83 patients presenting with disseminated odontogenic phlegmons and their complications. It was shown that the clinical manifestations of the dissemination and complicated inflammatory process in the soft tissues of the maxillofacial region were represented by five variants of the inflammatory reaction of the hyperergic type. The clinico-immunological diagnostic and prognostic criteria of the inflammatory process have been developed providing a basis for the precise characteristic and prognostication of the further course of the disease and rational planning of its management.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):22-26
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THE APPLICATION OF THE COMPOSITE HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE TRAUMEEL S FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC RECURRENT LABIAL FISSURE
Zoryan E.V., Matavkina M.V.
Abstract
The present paper reports the comparative analysis o fthe clinical results of the local treatment of chronic recurrent labia lfissure with the use of the homeopathic preparation Traumeel S. Also highlighted are the main aspects of etiology and pathogenesis of the pathology being considered with the special emphasis laid on the causes of frequent relapses following the management of chronic recurrent labial fissure.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):26-30
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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DOMESTIC GIDROKSIAPATITSODERZHASCHIH OSTEOPLASTIC MATERIALS IN THE TREATMENT OF PERIODONTITIS
Lepilin A.V., Erokim N.L., Bisultanov H.U., Bulkin U.A., Nozdrachov V.G.
Abstract
The present clinical and laboratory study included 90 patients presenting with chronic generalized periodontitis. It was shown that the application of the osteoplastic materials containing hydroxyapatite manufactured in this country, such as Ostim-10 and Osteoplast-K, promotes creation of the favourable conditions for the effective healing of postoperative wounds following surgical interventions on the periodontium. The criterion for the choice of the osteoplastic material is derived from the results of the estimation of the microbial landscape in the oral cavity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):31-34
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THE TREATMENT OF MANDIBULAR FRACTURES WITHIN THE DENTITION
Medvedev Y.A., Milyukova D.Y., D’yachkova E.Y.
Abstract
The present study has demonstrated the possibility of achieving a favourable outcome of the conservative treatment of both the fractures with the totally retained third molar in the absence o ffragment displacement and the cases of extraction of the erupted and semi- retained third molar from the fracture line with the subsequent filling of the alveolar socket with the dental restorative osteoplastic material Kollost. The proposed strategy is considered to be the method of choice in surgical dentistry and maxillofacial surgery for the treatment of the patients with mandibular fractures affecting the dentition.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):34-36
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CONDITIONS OF THE MARGINAL PERIODONTUM AFTER THE MANDIBULAR FRACTURES INVOLVING THE DENTITION
Medvedev Y.A., Kutsenko R.V.
Abstract
The analysis of the objective periodontal studies of the patients with mandibular fractures involving the dentition was performed. The manifestations of the pathological processes in oral mucosa were shown to depend on the treatment modality. The negative impact of the intermaxillary fixation on the frequency and severity of the inflammatory and destructive processes in the marginal periodontum affecting the health of the oral cavity has been demonstrated.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):36-39
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A METHOD FOR THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF THE PATIENTS WITH THE ORO-ANTRAL FISTULA
Sipkin A.M., Nikitin A.A., Amkhadova M.A., Lapshin V.P., Kekukh E.O., Ezhov E.E.
Abstract
The method is proposed allowing to restore the integrity of the mucous membrane in the distal portion of the alveolar process by means of gum fixation given the presence of the oro-antral fistula makes possible realization of this approach. The method makes it possible to achieve complete rehabilitation of the dentition with the use of orthopedic structures, reduce both the duration of this procedure and the hospital stay of the patients.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):39-41
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MULTIFACTOR ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF ESTIMATION OF THE LEvEL OF DENTAL HEALTH IN THE SMOKERS
Chzhan Ley -., Grinin V.M., Tsarev V.N.
Abstract
The results of the microbiological and statistical study involving 198 subjects varying in the age from 18 to 75 years, residents of Moscow, are presented. It was shown that percentage of positive tests for determining pathogenetically significant concentrations of Tannerella for synthesis was much higher among the smokers at the age of 18-50 years than in the age-matched non-smokers (46.8% and 8.3% respectively). It is concluded that the presence of T. forsynthesis in the contents of the subgingival and periodontal samples in an important factor accounting for the enhanced risk of gingival and periodontal disease among the adolescents and adult residents of Moscow.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):41-44
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INVESTIGATION OF THE PSYCHOEMOTIONAL STATUS AT THE DENTIST'S OFFICE
Petrov P.I., Enikeev D.A., Mingazov G.G.
Abstract
A total of 387 subjects presenting with dental problems and visiting a stomatological polyclinic were examined for the elucidation of clinically significant relationships between the results of the "constructive picture of man" test and various psychoemotional states (fear, alertness, anxiety, depression, tranquility). The study revealed the clinically significant dependence of the character of drawing constructive pictures and personal feelings of the subjects complaining of dental problems.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):44-46
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THE ESTIMATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL REHABILITATION IN THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH THE EXAGGERATED VOMITING REFLEX AT THE DENTIST'S OFFICE
Strelkov N.N., Nabatchikova L.P.
Abstract
This work was designed to study the dynamics of depressiveness before and after the surgical and stomathologicl orthopedic treatment of the patients with the exaggerated vomiting reflex. The cases of the positive influence of the orthopedic treatment on the psychological status of stomatological patients are analysed. It is concluded that the adequate performance of all procedures of the orthopedic stomatological treatment of the patients with the exaggerated vomiting reflex create prerequisites for their complete social adaptation. The rational strategy for the management of such patients provides a basis for the perfect prophylactic effect of their stomatological care in the future,
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):46-48
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THE USE OF THE HERBAL MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FOR THE PREvENTION AND TREATMENT OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES
Goncharova E.I.
Abstract
The present review of the literature is focused on the information about the herbal medicinal products applied for the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):48-52
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PECULIARITIES OF PROVISION OF THE MEDICAL AID TO MILITARY PILOTS UNDER CONDITIONS OF A SPECIALIZED THERAPEUTIC AND PROPHYLACTIC FACILITY
Grinin V.M., Avdeev D.A.
Abstract
Peculiarities of the provision of the medical aid to military pilots and servicemen employed in airfield maintenance and supply services are considered. The influence of various factors on the labour inputs by a dental therapist giving specialized treatment and prophylactic care to the patients of the above groups is discussed.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):52-53
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FORMATION OF THE CULTURE OF HEALTH ON THE NATIONwIDE SCALE
Luk’yanenko V.B., Tsvetkova N.V., Davidenko A.N.
Abstract
At present, the health providers of different levels show serious concern about the health state of different groups of the young population, such as senior schoolchildren, university students, and young specialists starting their life journey and professional career. We believe that this concern arises not only from poor heredity, environmental degradation and low standards of living but also from the ever increasing consumption of nicotine, alcohol, drugs, and other harmful substances that are currently readily available to the young people. An important role in the popularization of such lifestile is played by television and outdoor advertising. We can not influence these factors but can not stand aside either. The improvement of the health status of the youth is currently more than just a mere slogan - it is actually a challenging social and medical problem.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2012;16(3):54-55
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