Vol 21, No 6 (2017)

Articles
DEFINITION OF AREA OF OCCLUSION CONTACTS OF DENTAL SERIES
Arutyunov S.D., Brutyan L.A., Antonik M.M., Scherbakov V.V.
Abstract
The author’s technique of instrumental precision diagnostics of the area offacets of increased erasure and erosion of hard tooth tissues is proposed. The aim of the study was to calculate the occlusal contact area in patients with tooth wear and in persons with a conditional norm (attrition by forces of normal mastication) with the help of occlusiograms (T-Scan) and Adobe Photoshop. We examined 13 patients with tooth wear and 20 persons with a conventional norm. We performed occlusiography with T-Scan, then processed the digital image of occlusal contacts using a special program, keeping the data in a single resolution. Prepared graphics were opened in the Adobe Photoshop program, scaled, calculated the number ofpixels in 1 mm2. Then, the total area of the facets of erasure was calculated taking into account the color indexation, which reflects the degree of intensity of the occlusal contacts.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):300-303
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ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF NANOPARTICLES OF METALS
Leont'ev V.K., Kuznetsov D.V., Frolov G.A., Pogorelskiy I.P., Latuta N.V., Krasenkov Y.N.
Abstract
All-new bactericidal solutions to be used in dentistry, maxillofacial surgery, urology, obstetrics, gynaecology, ENT, proctology have been developed. By means of electric impulse and disperse condensate means, water and alcoholic (ethanolic) colloidal nanodispersed systems of metals have been procured and also their oxides based on: argentum (Ag), titanium dioxide (TiO), ferrous oxide (FeO), tantalum oxide (TaO), vanadium oxide (VO2), cobaltous oxide (CoO), tantalum dioxide TaO2, zink oxide (ZnO), cupric oxide (CuO), a mixed solution of: titanium dioxide (TiO), aluminium oxide (Al2O) and molybdenum dioxide (MoO). The research has been made on culture of dentobacterial plaque and mixed culture, issued from gingival spaces. The composition of culture was identified with S. aureus, S. epidermidis and nonfermentable kinds of E. coli. The observation period lasted more than nineteen days. All solutions showed highly prolonged bactericidal activity in dilutions from the whole solution 1-20 mg/L. Dilution step is tenfold (10-1; 10-2; IO-'; 10-4; 10-5; 10-6; 10-7). The bactericidal activity ofpowder specimen of glass, used to produce dental filling material and disintegrates of composite materials, issued by «StomaDent» CJSC, processed by Ag and FeO2 nanoparticles, have been studied. Tested materials have long, up to 19 days and more, bactericidal activity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):304-307
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CLINICAL AND ECONOMIC STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BOTULINUM THERAPY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF MYOGENIC DENTAL SYNDROMES
Soyher M.I., Orlova O.R., Soyher M.G., Mingazova L.R., Soyher E.M., Shershneva D.V.
Abstract
Describes a clinical and economic evaluation of the use of botulinum neuroprotein in comparison with standard therapy (muscle relaxants and splint- frames) for a period of 4 months. Cost-effectiveness analysis (CER) is a frequently used method of pharmacoeconomic analysis. Its major parts are cost analysis, effectiveness analysis and results estimation. Undertaking of each part effects the certainty of the final results. Correct estimation of cost-effectiveness analysis makes it possible to increase health care economical resources distribution effectiveness and shows the most effective and respectable treatment instruments. This issue reviews all parts of cost-effectiveness analysis and algorithms of decision making during results estimation
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):308-312
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STATE OF PARADONT IN RATS AFTER IMPLANTOLOGICAL OPERATION ON THE BACKGROUND OF SUGAR DIABETES 2 TYPE
Dem'yanenko S.A., Drobyazko M.G., Rozhko P.D.
Abstract
In rats with experimental (protamine) type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), the level of lysozyme and catalase decreases, the activity of urease, the degree of dysbiosis and the activity of elastase increase. Dental implantation on the background of CD2 aggravates the pathological condition of the gums. In the periodontal bone tissue of rats with CD2, a decrease in the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ACF) and an increase in the activity of acid phosphatase (CF), which reduces the mineralizing index (FF/CF) by more than 2.5 times. An increase in the activity of elastase in bone tissue by 36% indicates the development of inflammation. Dental implantation on the background of CD2 does not improve the condition of the periodontal bone tissue.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):313-316
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EVALUATION OF INTEGRATED INDICATORS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN THE PATIENCE OF THE MOUTH IN CHILDREN WITH PSYCHONEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS IN DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS
Gulenko O.V., Khagurova S.B., Bykov I.M.
Abstract
As a result of researches the imbalance in about pro-/antioxidant system of oral liquid of children with psychoneurological frustration is revealed. These indicators of antioxidant potential can adequately reflect a condition of stomatologic health of children, its resistance to adverse influences of the environment and can be used for an assessment ofpreclinical changes in an organism.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):317-321
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CLINICO-BIOCHEMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN INDIVIDUALS OF THE CONTROL GROUP
Rasulov M.M., Rasulov I.M., Abdulmedzhidova D.M.
Abstract
Periodontal diseases are widespread all over the world. In this connection, the questions relating to the prevalence of these diseases, and the subtle mechanisms occurring in tissues in norm at the subcellular level it is important to investigate for a correct assessment of biochemical changes occurring in the pathology ofperiodontitis. The article analyzes the biochemical changes in the periodontal tissues with intact tooth rows and periodontium. Material for biochemical analysis obtained from 36 patients, while removing the first premolars with the aim of orthodontic treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):322-324
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IMPROVEMENT OF ODONTOGENIC CYSTS TREATMENT USING LASER TECHNOLOGY
Tukenov E.S., Semennikova N.V., Semennikov V.I.
Abstract
Improvement and search for better materials and minimally invasive ways to treat Odontogenic cysts remains one of the most actual directions of modern Stomatology and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of this work is to improve the treatment results of patients with odontogenous cysts using the proposed method of laser cystectomy (patent for invention № 2600191, 2016). Analysis of the treatment results revealed that the application of the proposed method in the treatment of odontogenous cysts of the jaws of both increases the efficiency of treatment results by excluding the possibility of removing the «causal» teeth (in the comparison group delete in 100%), the removal of root apex resection surgery, cuts fabric their peeling, suturing, avoid oronazal cystectomy and damage of the neurovascular bundle the mandibular canal, ensuring the safety of its spending on an outpatient basis without the need for hospitalization patients, shorten rehabilitation with 7.5 ± 0.5 days before 1.5 ± 0.5 days, compared to the traditional technique of cystectomy.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):325-329
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SOME ASPECTS OF DEPENDENCE PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL CONDITION PATIENTS AGAINST MANY TYPES OF MALOCCLUSION AND CONDITIONS INDIVIDUAL TEETH
Mitin N.E., Tikhonov V.E., Grishin M.I.
Abstract
The aesthetic problems associated with defects in appearance and wearing orthodontic appliances in the malocclusion, the negative impact on the psyche of the patient in all age groups. Malocclusion disturb the aesthetic appearance of the patient, causing functional disorders and pathological changes. The problem ofprevention and treatment ofdentoalveolar anomalies has not only medical, but also a social value. Many patients understand the needfor timely treatment to the dentist. Beautiful and straight teeth have become part of modern life, his well-being, health and social status. Any abnormalities always affect the psyche. Patients with dental system pathology suffer from changes in appearance, violations of phonetics, chewing function and this formed the difficulties in communication. Mental and emotional state plays an important role in human life, which affects the predictions of success and the development of treatments. Do not unimportant role in the treatment plays a dentist, his mood affects the man, and he has concluded on the basis of suggestion or self-hypnosis. The mood doctor can specifically change the whole picture of the disease, and set up a patient in a positive way. Therefore, the physician should become familiar with the individual characteristics of the patient and adjust it to the correct understanding of the disease that would yield results.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):329-332
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STATUS OF PERIODONTAL TISSUES IN EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF THE LASER IMPACT MODE SECURITY TRANSFISTULJARAE AND PERFORATION CYSTECTOMY
Semennikova N.V., Tukenov E.S., Semennikov V.I.
Abstract
An important aspect of enhancing the effectiveness of the treatment is the minimum operational invasion, ensuring the safety of organs and tissues in the area of the pathological and the recovery ofpatients and as soon as possible. Goal is to develop safe mode effects of diode laser on the wrapper of the cyst in the experiment and clinic at transfistula and perforation cystectomy. The authors developed a way to remove the cyst shell carried out by deleting the contents of the cyst as cystic fluid using a vacuum aspirator through previously made in the wall of the cyst perforation holes 1.1-2.0 mm in one or two places, koag-uljacions cyst shell diode laser through the holes and then, after drying in the field than the roots of the teeth, protruding into the cysts, and permanent hermetic sealing channels these teeth, injected into the cavity of the cyst 2-4 ml ofphotosensitizer in 1-2 minutes, spend the extra drying and exposure diode laser output power 0.5 W, 640-650 nm for 25-30 seconds through one or both of the perforation holes followed by through these holes in the bone cavity «Kollap-an» gel with and applique cream «Levomekol» into the holes. (Patentfor invention, Russia, № 2600191, 2016 г. 1n biomodels and the clinic established safe laser coagulation modes diode laser using morphological studies and laser thermometry ofperiodontal tissues in the field of pathological- pulsed mode with a capacity of 2.0 Watts and continuously 3.0 W, 970 NM, fiber diameter 200-400 pm with the exposition of the second 1-2 • 2-3 times.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):332-335
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INDICATORS OF DENTAL MORBIDITY IN HOLIDAYMAKERS IN SANATORIUM
Olesov E.E., Novozemtseva T.N., Kryazhinova I.A., Kalinina A.N., Shaipova Z.A., Glazkova E.V., Olesova V.N.
Abstract
The article presents the results ofa dental examination ofvacationers in a sanatorium and the calculation of the needfor dental treatment. The lack ofpractice of sanitation of the mouth at the place of residence before the sanatorium treatment, the load of the dentist in the sanatorium with the treatment of caries and its complications to the detriment of the prevention of diseases with the use of natural sanatorium factors is revealed.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):335-337
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ORAL HYGIENE AND DENTAL HEALTH OF FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Makeeva I.M., Turkina A.Y., Budaychieva Z.S., Margaryan E.G.
Abstract
In the prevention oforal diseases, dental hygienic status, proper oral hygiene, the proper choice ofmeans and methodsfor performing hygienic dental activities are essential. However, even among future doctors, the hygienic state of the oral cavity leaves much to be desired. Basic knowledge of oral hygiene and the principles ofprevention ofdental diseases are necessary for physicians of various specialties, since there is often a relationship between dental diseases and diseases of other organs and systems of the body. The article gives an assessment of the hygienic status of students of different courses and identifies the sources that they use to gain knowledge on oral care.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):337-339
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ENDEMIC FLUOROSIS OF THE TEETH - CAUSES, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Makeeva I.M., Volkov A.G., Musiev A.A.
Abstract
Fluorosis - a widespread disease that occurs due to excess of fluorine in the body during the period of enamel formation. The pathogenesis of the disease today is understudied. The disease is characterized by demineralization of enamel, therefore, in the complex of therapeutic measures in fluorosis, along with the elimination of aesthetic defects must include exposure to remineralization.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(6):340-344
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