Vol 22, No 2 (2018)

Articles
DETERMINATION OF MINIMUM PERMISSIBLE PARAMETERS OF METAL-CERAMIC BRIDGES DENTURES FROM A NEW RUSSIAN ALLOY BASED ON PALLADIUM PALLADENT UNI BY MATHEMATICAL MODELING
Parunov V.A., Lebedenko I.Y., Druzhinin A.A., Yakovchuk A.Y., Morokov E.A.
Abstract
The article shows the results of physical and mechanical tests of samples of the alloy palladent UNI based on palladium for metal-ceramic dentures. The values of these results were used for mathematical modeling by finite element method of metal-ceramic prosthesis frames. Determined the minimum allowable size of the connection supporting crowns and intermediate parts.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):76-78
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MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF INFLAMMATORY AND REACTIVE-DYSTROPHIC LESIONS OF THE MINOR SALIVARY GLANDS OF PATIENTS WITH DISEASES OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
Afanas'ev V.V., Zairatyants O.V., Gitimes Y.M., Ordashev H.A.
Abstract
The authors conducted a histological study of biopsy a small salivary gland (SSG) in 12 patients with various diseases of the gastrointes-tinal tract. It was found that in SSG there were signs of chronic sialadenitis and sialadenosis, the latter being primarily expressed in parenchymal form. Sialadenosis and chronic sialadenitis had signs of dysfunction of sialocits, sclerosis and lipomatosis of the stroma and/or parenchyma, often with dilation of the ducts, lymphoid and lymphomacrophagal infiltration of the stroma and/or parenchyma. Noted that there was a pronounced of the plethora of microcirculatory vessels with edema of the stroma.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):79-82
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NEW ALGORITHMS OF DIAGNOSTICS OF HEAVY COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE ODONTOGENIC INFECTION
Gromov A.L., Gubin M.A., Ivanov S.V., Tishkov D.S.
Abstract
Introduction. At present, objective difficulties remain in the timely diagnosis and treatment of severe complications of acute odontogenic infection, including progressive odontogenic phlegmon, contact odontogenic mediastinitis, odontogenic sepsis. Goal. Develop an algorithm for diagnosis and treatment of severe inflammatory complications of acute odontogenic infection, taking into account the criteria of “Sepsis-3” and evaluate its effectiveness. Material and methods. To conduct a comparative evaluation of the results of the study, patients (311 people) were divided into 2 groups: a control group (247 people), in which diagnosis and treatment were performed using the criteria “Sepsis-1”, and the main group (64 people), diagnosis and treatment were performed with using the developed algorithm for diagnosis and treatment, which includes a number of additions to the criteria of “Sepsis-3” of the European Society of Critical States Medicine and the Society of Critical States Medicine (SCCM / ESICM). Results. Using the developed algorithm for diagnosis and treatment of patients with odontogenic inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial area allows to significantly increase the efficiency of early diagnosis of purulent-inflammatory processes in the maxillofacial region (by 5.7%), to reduce the number of severe septic complications (by 6.6%). Discussion. The application of the criteria “Sepsis-3” is not an effective method of early diagnosis of odontogenic sepsis. The conclusion. The conducted study confirmed the effectiveness of the developed algorithm for diagnosis and treatment of severe inflammatory complications of acute odontogenic infection, taking into account the criteria of “Sepsis-3”.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):82-87
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THE USE OF LASER RADIATION IN COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH OCCLUSAL VIOLATIONS AND GENERALIZED PERIODONTITIS
Efimovich O.I., Mamedova L.A.
Abstract
A clinical study of the effectiveness correction occlusive disorders and treatment of generalized periodontitis moderate severity using the local laser and the anti-inflammatory therapy. 79 patients were treated with periodontitis moderate having occlusive disorders. It was revealed that the administration use of laser therapy reduces treatment time and leads to a rapid relief of periodontal inflammation.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):88-92
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SURGICAL TREATMENT OF MIDFACE JAW OSTEONECROSIS
Medvedev Y.A., Basin E.M., Milyukova D.Y., Fialko P.V.
Abstract
Article describes clinico-roentgenological classification of midface jaw osteonecrosis and different surgical treatment options to improve surgical outcome.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):92-95
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TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PHLEGMON PAROTID-CHEWING AREA AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Serpionov S.Y., Maksukov S.Y.
Abstract
86 patients with phlegmon parotid-chewing area were examined. Patients were subdivided into two groups: in the main group we performed diagnostics and treatment of acute compartment syndrome, according to the developed method. This is allowed to achieve distant good results in 90,9% of the patients (64,3% in the controls).
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):96-99
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NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POSTOPERATIVE PAIN MYOFASCIAL DYSFUNCTION OF THE MASTICATORY MUSCLES
Stepanova Z.E., Maksyukov S.Y.
Abstract
Based on the clinical and neurophysiological examination of 72 patients operated on for phlegmon parotid-masticatory area is divided into three degrees of severity of pain myofascial dysfunction chewing muscles. The effect of gravity surgery bioelectric activity of masticatory muscles.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):100-102
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COMPARATIVE QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF THE COMPLITION OF DENTAL PATIENT'S MEDICAL CARD WITH THE DISEASES OF PULP AND PERIAPICAL TISSUES IN THE STOMATOLOGICAL MEDICAL ORGANIZATIONS WITH THE VARIETY OF FORMS OF PROPERTY
Lavrenyuk E.A., Vagner V.D.
Abstract
The article presents the results of quality assessment of the completion of medical cards of dental patients in dental medical organizations of various forms of ownership in Ryazan. The analysis of the columns of medical cards containing the description of diagnostic measures indicates insufficient attention in completing this section of the Medical Card of Dental Patient both in private and public Medical Dental Organizations.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):103-106
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THE POSSIBILITIES OF USING PHAGE THERAPY IN DENTISTRY
Kuchmina M.V., Turkina A.Y., Paramonov Y.O.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the possibilities of using bacteriophages in dentistry. The main characteristics of bacteriophages and mechanisms of their interaction with a bacterial cell as well as the data of microbiological studies and the results of clinical use of bacteriophages in periodontal diseases are discussed. Bacteriophages have been shown to be effective against periodontopathogenic microorganisms, including antibiotic resistant bacteria in vitro and in vivo. There were reflected the advantages and disadvantages of phage therapy, the main of which for today is a small experience of clinical use of this method. Objective. To analyze the data of foreign and domestic literature and publications in the field of phagotherapy effectiveness in dentistry.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):107-110
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CURRENT APPROACHES OF BONE TISSUE ENGINEERING
Stamboliev I.A., Gazhva J.V., Ivashkevich S.G., Ryabova V.M.
Abstract
This article discusses the modern approaches of bone tissue engineering in oral and maxillofacial surgery for repair of bone integrity. Describes the new biomaterials in bone tissue engineering, complex scaffolds containing MSC for bone repair of large and critical bone defects, the criteria for selecting biomaterial scaffolds, as well as their positive and negative properties.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):111-116
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APPLYING HIGH FREQUENCY MONOPOLAR DIATHERMOCOAGULATION OF THE ENDODONTIC TREATMENT OF TEETH
Daurova F.Y., Volkov A.G., Dikopova N.Z., Tomaeva D.I., Kodzaeva E.S.
Abstract
After studying literature on the problems and complications associated with endodontic dentistry, necessity for studying clinical effectiveness of high-frequency monopolar diathermocoagulation for endodontic treatment of teeth with chronic forms of pulpitis is justified, the necessity for developing recommendations for the use of high-frequency monopolar diathermocoagulation in endodontic dentistry with the use of modern safe coagulator DC-35 MS intended for ambulatory practice is justified. The use of high-frequency monopolar diathermocoagulation in endodontic treatment of teeth with chronic forms of pulpitis will improve the quality and effectiveness of endodontic treatment of pulpal diseases.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2018;22(2):117-120
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