Vol 9, No 1 (2010)

Articles
The sociological research technologies as a systematic basis of medical sociological monitoring
Reshetnikov A.V., Reshetnikov A.V.
Abstract
During the last decades, significant alterations in the national studies of medical sociological issues occurred. The medical sociological studies are especially important for physician-practitioner since the understanding of one's own role and patient's social role facilitates to increase the number of errors in forecasting of operations succession. The practical application of the results of medical sociological monitoring permits to mark out the most acceptable forms of reorganization in the system of mandatory medical insurance and to receive legitimate support of citizen of the activities targeting the social services system reform. The effectiveness of monitoring in public health increases at the expense of the development of permanent system of sociological information collection and the organization of data bank on particular curative preventive institutions, administrative districts, cities and regions. The development of high-end information technologies permits to provide a more comprehensive analysis of medical sociological information in different profiles applying more sophisticated mathematical tools and to ensure its long-term storage for subsequent application with fast data search.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):3-12
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Medicine as seen by religion: the characteristics of interpretation of science and medical practices
Savel'eva Z.V., Savelieva J.V.
Abstract
The article considers the issues of interaction between medical knowledge and models of religious interpretations of health, diseases, their causes and treatment approaches. Based on the study of religious texts and in-depth interviews, the comparative analysis was implemented to study Muslim and Orthodoxical conceptions in relation to esthetical medicine, psychology and psychiatry, gynecology and reproductive health, genetics, physical culture, nutrition, non-traditional medicine. The religious point of view about possible degree of medical intervention into human life is revealed.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):13-18
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The leadership in medical profession: the issues of sociological psychological analysis
Donika A.D., Sergeeva N.V., Donika A.D., Sergeeva N.V.
Abstract
The article presents the analysis of leader social position in medical profession and the features of his personal characteristics. The empirical database is founded on the results of sociological psychological study of physicians model groups: administrators, surgeons, therapeutists, non-medicinal physicians.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):18-21
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The physician personality and physician's characteristics: the gender aspect
Groshev I.V., Groshev I.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the results of studying the physician's characteristics in medical workers in different areas of medical activities mediated through gender differences. It is demonstrated that the estimating indicator of physician's emotional characteristics associated with the empathy is higher in female physicians-to-be than in male physicians-to-be. In the criterion of female physician the empathizing complex of personal traits prevails more often. In the criterion of male physician prevails the emotional neutral complex of personal traits. The criterion of personal characteristics of female physicians-to-be looks more humanistic. The criterion of personal characteristics of male physicians-to-be is more volitional. Many patients consider the gender of physician as a factor facilitating the communicative contact. The female physicians are capable to identify more exactly the emotional conditio0ns of patients. The indicators of social psychological observance are higher in female physicians as compared with male physicians.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):21-27
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The indicators of social development of the interaction between physician and patient related to healthy life-style
Pogodina V.A., Sharoputo V.M., Pogodina V.A., Scharaputo V.M.
Abstract
The questionnaire technique was applied to the respondents aged from 19 to 35 years to investigate the indicators of social development of the interaction between physician and patient related to healthy life-style in municipal hospital №19 of Novosibirsk. The survey form included the main blocks of questions about social ideas, interpretations and behaviors of physician and patient related to healthy life-style. The research data permitted to formulate a conclusion that the resolution of problem of social development of interaction between physician and patient in the area of healthy life-style depends on social ideas, interpretations and impact of physician's behavior on patient's behavior.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):29-29
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The health-preserving technologies in the system of university education: The sociological analysis
Ivakhnenko G.A., Ivahnenko G.A.
Abstract
The major targets of the study were 1) analysis of characteristics and functions of innovative systems ("health-preserving technologies") as applied to develop students' health; 2) sociological analysis of health of Russia's youth. On the basis of solid empirical data, the overall pattern of deteriorating health of students youth is presented. The system of health targeted technologies applied in the management of Russian university education is analyzed. The health-preserving technologies are clustered in two groups: 1) technologies and innovations using psychological and educational methods; 2) physical exercise and health recreation methods. On the basis of data analysis the corresponding conclusions and recommendations are provided.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):30-33
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The youth attitude to health-preserving in the human reproduction area and its possibilities in implementation related to medical activities
Surmach M.Y., Surmatch M.U.
Abstract
The youth attitude to health-preserving in the area of human reproductive health was investigated in Belarus. It is demonstrated that in case of distinctly formulated attitudes to health-preserving in the area of human reproductive health the inadequate objective opportunities for their implementation result into risk behavior and irrelevant interrelationship between young people and public health system.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):33-36
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The social outlines of economic situation of medical services consumer in province
Tsyganova O.A., Svetlichnaya T.G., Tsiganova O.A., Svetlichnaya T.G.
Abstract
The article deals with the results of the custom longitudinal descriptive random sampling study of the social economic characteristics of 2077 patients in ambulatory polyclinic and hospital establishments of Arkhangelskaya Vologodskaya oblast and Republic of Komi in February-April 2007. The comprehensive type of the dependency of incomes of provincial consumers of medical services is established. In the group of consumers of medical services with the income lower than living wage dominate persons of 60 years and older? With lower education level, non-working and dwelling in rural locality.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):37-41
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The study of population satisfaction of medical care quality: new scopes and old problems
Mukharyamova L.M., Mukharyamova L.M.
Abstract
The article deals with the methodological and technical issues of the organization of mass survey of population satisfaction of medical care quality. It is demonstrated that implementing the indicators of population's satisfaction of medical care quality as the management tool increases the responsibility of sociology of medicine for the development of methodology and techniques of such surveys. The public area penetration of contradictory data obtained with non-approved techniques can result in decreasing the confidence to such surveys both from public structures and population.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):41-45
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The population need in prophylactic knowledge
Shigaeva E.S., Shigayeva E.S.
Abstract
The article deals with the results of study of Sverdlovskaya oblast population needs in prophylactic knowledge. The questionnaire poll was organized and applied to the patients of able-bodied age who visited polyclinics and general practitioner offices with any purpose. The population need in prophylactic knowledge is considered through such particular indicators as factual and preferable sources of prophylactic knowledge; format of information related to health promotion; content of received knowledge. The data analysis revealed that the main source of information related to prophylactics is the medical personnel. The need in additional knowledge about health is expressed by 62% of respondents. The most preferable form of prophylactic information to be received is the medical personnel counseling. The respondents indicated the priority information to be applied to alter the life-style and to ameliorate health as follows: smoking giving up, stress management, rational diet and physical activity. The data on relationship between these indicators and gender, age and education are presented.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):45-48
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The characteristics of attitude to the issues related to health safeguarding among juvenile delinquents in penitentiary facility
Filippov Y.N., Abaeva O.P., Polyantsev A.S., Agafonova E.A., Filippov U.N., Abayeva O.A., Polyantsev A.S., Agafonova E.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the issues of health safeguarding among juvenile delinquents serving sentence in penitentiary facilities. The comparative analysis is presented relating to the attitude to the health safeguard issues and the need in medical care among adolescents from penitentiary facility and students form schools and specialized schools of city of Nizhny Novgorod and Novgorodskya oblast. The study results testify the meaning of educational and explanatory activities among juvenile delinquents for the purpose of adaptation this group of children to the full-fledged life in society.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):48-50
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The development of normative legal basis relating to _IV-infection
Bogachanskaya N.N., Bogatchanskaya N.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the history of development of normative legal basis of the Russian Federation regulating the standing of HIV-infected persons starting from repressive activities in 1980s up to actually attained rather broad specification of rights and social guarantees of citizen category in question.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):50-54
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The quality of life in schizophrenic patients
Orudzhev N.Y., Tarakanova E.A., Orudjev N.Y., Tarakanova E.A.
Abstract
The article covers the issues of social functioning of endogenic patients. The main indicators of quality of life in schizophrenic patients are assessed. The average profile of quality of life in schizophrenic patients is compiled. The article is targeted to psychiatrists, researchers and social work experts.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):55-59
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The identification of social maladjustment causes among former sportsmen by means of medical constituent in earlier post-sporting period
Fedotova I.V., Statsenko M.E., Fedotova I.V., Statzenko M.E.
Abstract
The article covers the major causes of social maladjustment among 80 former sportsmen of game sport of higher qualification (first classes, sport master candidates, sport masters). The earlier period was considered as the time interval pending 5 years after termination of sport activities. In the study a special questionnaire was used to consider the characteristics of previous sport activities.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):59-62
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The medical sociologic description of phenomenon of disability in children
Potapova O.N., Potapova O.N.
Abstract
The disabled children are considered as a special social group with main difference as an inability to implement independently the one's own possibilities due to actual restrictions in life activity resulting in social deadaptation. The public task in this case is to elaborate the optimal system of social rehabilitation of this population group and to develop non-barrier environment for creative and labor potentials of the disabled.
Sociology of Medicine. 2010;9(1):62-65
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