Vol 5, No 2 (2012)

Articles

TO TEACH BIOETHICS OF FUTURE

Petrov V.I.

Abstract

The problem of the content and quality of bioethical education is important for all the countries of the world. Russia has wide experience in these issues. It is necessary to discuss it and develop a universal conception of bioethical education
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):4-6
pages 4-6 views

BIOETHICS IN A PHILOSOPHICAL SPACE OF RUSSIA

Barkovskaja A.J., Budarin G.Y.

Abstract

The 6th Russian Congress of Philosophy paid great attention to the world outlook and methodological bases of bioethics. In the congress proceedings bioethics was interpreted as philosophical reflection of the attitude to life which makes possible to solve applied problems and operates as an explanatory hypothesis in particular situations of decision-making regarding living objects.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):7-11
pages 7-11 views

OATH TAKEN DURING THE DOCTOR'S INITIATION IN TRADITIONAL AYURVEDIC MEDICINE («CHARAK OATH»)

Subotjalov, M.A., Druzhinin V.J.

Abstract

The ancient physicians often expressed their own ethical commitments by means of oaths. These oaths were part-an-parcel of the ceremony of initiation into a medical profession. This article analyzes the oath of a medical student quoted in Caraka samhita. Charaka samhita is one of the basic medical treatises in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):12-15
pages 12-15 views

ETHICS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN PHARMACEUTICAL SALES REPRESENTATIVES AND PHYSICIANS: THE RESULTS OF OBSERVATION OF YOUNG SPECIALISTS AT BASHKIR MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Akhmadeeva L.R., Akhmadeeva E.N., Lipatova E.E., Semenova S.I.

Abstract

This paper is discussing the results of our study about observations of relations between This paper discusses the results of a study involving observation of the relations between physicians and pharmaceutical sales representatives by young doctors. Our results demonstrated that not all of them were ethically correct and met the standards of the Russian legislation: although arranging meetings and presentations as wells as receiving gifts from pharmaceutical industry are illegal during working hours at work places, all these make a well-established practice. Promotional booklets instead of properly designed research papers describing the results of good practice clinical trials are often distributed.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):16-18
pages 16-18 views

EXPANSION OF SPORTS MEDICALISATION AS AN THE ETHICAL PROBLEM

Vershinin E.G., Voronkov A.V.

Abstract

Interaction of social entities in the process of sport medicalization was revealed and analyzed. A sportsman's ambition to make great achievements in a short period of time provokes spots doctors to carry medicalization to excess. Not only medical sciences but also medical and pharmaceutical industries as well as mass media intrude sports as part of sports medicalization. These interactions are as follows: doctors of sports medicine, since they are responsible for medicalization, sportsmen and coaches as they are interested in the latter, and pharmaceutical companies and mass media, since they benefit from it. All these are not only closely interrelated and mutually motivated but also set new sports standards. It is important to note that a sportsman appears to be the most vulnerable agent in the process of medicalization since it is his wish to gain high results in a short period of time by all means that provokes sports doctors to enlarge medicalization completing the circle. It is of great importance to define the borders of medicalization process to avoid the point of no return for sports doctors when they can no longer have a positive effect on life quality of a sportsman in the course of athletic training.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):19-21
pages 19-21 views

EDUCATION IN THE FIELD OF BIOETHICS AS ANTHE INTERNATIONAL PROBLEM

Sedova N.N.

Abstract

Education in the field of bioethics is an important social problem. There are general and specific ways of its solution in different countries and different educational systems. A universal approach is required as bioethics is an international phenomenon implying a consensus regarding the basic questions life and health protection. The development of such an approach immediately involves defining the status and methodology of bioethics proper.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):22-26
pages 22-26 views

ON UPDATING THE CONTENT OF THE SUBJECT OF BIOETHICS

Serova I.A., Yagodina A.Y.

Abstract

The paper proposes an original concept of modernizing the subject of bioethics. The concept was developed by transforming traditionally studied principles and problems of bioethics into the task of top priority, namely, restoring confidence in medicine and doctors.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):27-29
pages 27-29 views

BIOETHICS EDUCATION: problems and structure

Silujanova I.V.

Abstract

The structure of bioethics education is directly connected with the problems of its studying. Thus, the major problem is providing continuity of teaching bioethics in medical higher educational institutions throughout junior and senior cycle. It is impossible to speak about the time for completion of such training because moral self-improvement is an essential element of the medical profession and it lasts throughout life.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):30-36
pages 30-36 views

THE DOCTOR - THE PATIENT - THE RELATIVE: ETHICS OF MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING

Sushich E.S., ShChelkov S.A., Tretjak S.V.

Abstract

In medical practice conflicts between doctors, patients and their relatives often arise due to mutual misunderstanding. Comprehensive information on patients' situation should be provided to their relatives using the language they can comprehend. Doctors should develop a high level of empathy. Ethical committees of medical institutions can regulate these relations
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):37-44
pages 37-44 views

ETHICAL ISSUES OF PROVIDING HEALTH CARE TO PATIENTS WITH SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT DISEASES

Afanasieva O.J., Veshneva S.A.

Abstract

The paper presents ethical and legal evaluation of the practice of providing medical services to patients with socially significant diseases through models for delivering dental care.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):45-46
pages 45-46 views

WHAT IS THE BEST VARIANT FOR THE PATIENT?

Guschin, A.V., Shkarin V.V.

Abstract

The article presents a number of cases in which the patient's best interests and therapeutic options considered by the doctor do not coincide. In such cases, moral considerations can appear more significant.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):47-48
pages 47-48 views

FEATURES OF ETHICAL MEDICAL ASSISTANT-EMERGENCY DOCTOR RELATIONSHIPS

Podolskaya M.N., Guba T.I., Eremina M.V.

Abstract

The article explores special features of medical assistant-emergency doctor relationship in their professional activities. It focuses on the practical cases of violation of ethical rules. It analyzes the situations in question proceeding from the fact whether they meet specific professional requirements and standards of behavior. The article is of great interest as the issues of ethical relationships between the participants of diagnostic and treatment process have not been properly investigated.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):49-52
pages 49-52 views

VIOLATION OF CONTINUITY IN OUTPATIENT AND INPATIENT PHYSICIAN RELATIONSHIP AS A MEDICAL AND ETHICAL PROBLEM

Grigoryan V.A., Selihova M.S., Kostenko O.V.

Abstract

Highly effective contraceptives have been designed to be used by women who just gave birth. However, lack of motivation and huge gaps in knowledge about the problem among physicians in Russia, on the one hand, as well as low level of trust in the physician, on the other hand, can result either in a woman's refusal to use contraceptives or to use ineffective methods of contraception. As a result, there has been high incidence of abortions within the first year after Cesarean delivery.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):53-56
pages 53-56 views

ON THE RIGHT OF A MENTALLY ILL PERSON TO GUARDIANSHIP

Zamytina I.I., Orudjev N.Y.

Abstract

The existing legislation stipulates that legally incompetent adults have no medical psychiatric contraindications to be appointed as guardians. The article describes a case of interweaving care organization principles and a social situation.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):57-58
pages 57-58 views

THE MEDICAL LAW: EUROPEAN TRADITIONS AND INTERNATIONAL TRENDS

Donika A.D.

Abstract

The 19th World Сongress on medical law has addressed a great number of important issues which are significant in current Russian medical law. The congress has left us with the impression of being rather ambiguous, but it is impossible to deny that it became a significant event for the positive development of medical law.
Bioethics. 2012;5(2):59-62
pages 59-62 views

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