Vol 6, No 1 (2013)

Articles
IMMORAL ATTITUDE TO SCIENCE IS INTOLERABLE
Petrov V.I.
Abstract
Modern Russian science is undergoing a crisis which is aggravated by incompetent actions of the officials. It is necessary to reconsider the role of science in ethical terms. First of all, it is relevant to medical science.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):5-5
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CHRISTIAN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF HEALTH AND DISEASE
Tsepeleva N.V.
Abstract
The article explores the problem of health and disease in the context of Christian anthropology and the personality theory. Several components of the Christian concept of health are singled out with the spiritual principle being predominant. The disease is considered in the context of spiritual and mental personality disorder immediately affecting a person’s physical condition.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):6-9
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ISLAMIC VIEW OF THE PROBLEM OF MODERN ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
Aksenov I.V.
Abstract
The article gives insight into the peculiarities of the Islamic view of the modern assisted reproductive technology and provides extensive quotations from the sources of the canonical Islamic laws. The article caters to theologians interested in a wide range of issues associated with the introduction of modern assisted reproductive technologies, as well as specialists in the field of biomedical ethics and readership interested in bioethics.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):9-15
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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE FUNDAMENTAL DIRECTION IN BIOETHICS MARKING THE 20 th ANNIVERSARY OF THE INTERNATIONAL BUIETHICS COMMITTEE AT UNESCO
Kubar O.I.
Abstract
The article starts a series of publications marking the 2 th anniversary of the International Bioethics Committee at UNESCO and aims to throw light on the activities of IBC promoting the development of the fundamental directions in bioethics in Russia and other countries of the UNESCO Moscow Office. The article analyzes national and regional efforts and achievements made as part of the participation in the UNESCO bioethical program including the establishment of bioethical infrastructure by assisting bioethics committees, promotion of bioethics education program and integration into the global ethics observatory. It is planned to present few other publications about the regional cooperation in the process of dissemination, promotion, elaboration and application the ethical principles of the UNESCO Declarations: Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights (1997), International Declaration on Human Genetic Data (2003), and Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights (2005).
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):15-19
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INTEGRATIVE POTENTIAL OF THE BIOETHICS COMMITTEE
Miryasova N.A.
Abstract
In modern philosophy of science great attention is paid to the analysis of the problem of the integration of scientific knowledge. With the advent of bioethics committees our society is facing a new cultural phenomenon, the emergence and development of which is of interest to modern philosophy of science. Identification of the integrative potential of bioethics committees makes possible to speak about the features and the particular way of development of scientific knowledge at a post-nonclassical stage. Its distinctive feature is immersion in transdisciplinarity experience.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):19-22
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FORMATION OF ETHICAL PROFESSIONAL ATTITUDES
Podolskaya M.N., Leonova V.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the ways bioethics is taught to the students of two specialities of secondary vocational training (advanced level) - «General Medicine» and «Nursing Care». The students of the first speciality are future medical assistants getting, as a rule, their first education; the students of the second speciality are future matrons and head nurses who are already qualified as nurses or medical assistants and have working experience in the sphere of health care services.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):23-25
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TRANSPLANTATION: ETHICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS
Saperov V.N.
Abstract
The article highlights ethical and legal aspects of cadaveric organ and tissue transplantation as well as organ transplantation from living donors. The present article also describes the factors affecting the development of transplantation in our country.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):25-29
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ORGAN DONATION FOR TRANSPLANTATION: LEGAL, ORGANIZATIONAL AND ETHICAL ASPECTS
Gautier S.V., Shevchenko O.P.
Abstract
Clinical transplantation is a complex of medical knowledge and skills which allow a use of organ transplantation as a method of treating a variety of severe medical conditions that cannot be cured using any other methods. The ways and perspectives of broadening the organ donor base depend not only on quantitative indices, but also on the implementation of innovative solutions. The main tasks of organ donation programs include using predominantly those organ donors who have been pronounced dead, and performing retrieval of multiple organs in accordance with transplant center requirements. As organ donation affects the interests of both dead and living persons, it requires resolving not only medical but also educational, moral, ethical, and legal issues. It is necessary to turn organ donation for transplantation from a national problem into national heritage.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):29-35
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MEDICAL DEONTOLOGY IN PLASTIC SURGER
Ganshin I.B.
Abstract
Moral characteristics of patients, plastic surgeons and nurses were surveyed. A specifically designed questionnaire was used to collect the required data. The survey included 183 plastic surgeons, 219 nurses and 197 patients.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):35-41
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SOME ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES OF PROVIDING MEDICAL CARE TO PATIENTS WITH HIV/AIDS
Ioannidi E.A., Chemyavskaya O.A., Kozyrev O.A.
Abstract
The article discusses some ethical and legal issues of HIV/AIDS while providing medical care to HIV-infected patients admitted to Volgograd state clinical infectious disease hospital № 1. The article deals with such issues as HIV stigma and discrimination, HIV/AIDS denial phenomenon, patient confidentiality. Some HIV/AIDS regulatory and legal documents are considered in the article.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):41-46
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ETHICAL ISSUES OF SURGICAL CORRECTION OF MINOR DEFORMITIES OF LOWER EXTREMITIES
Chernyavskiy M.A., Teterin O.G., Makarov A.D.
Abstract
The article discusses some bioethical issues of rehabilitation of patients with minor low extremity deformities while providing surgical correction of the shape of shins to patients at the second orthopedic department of the municipal teaching hospital No. 3 of Volgograd. In particular, we consider questions of social frustration of this category of patients, the definition of medical and social indications and contraindications to esthetic intervention on the lower extremities, and the criteria of achieving the desired results. The authors draw a conclusion about the need for developing comprehensive programs of medical and social rehabilitation of patients in cosmetic orthopedics.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):46-50
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IS HIGH MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE IN GHANA AN ETHICAL OR AN ETHNIC ISSUE?
Tkachenko L.V., Skladonovskaya T.V., Sviridova N.V., Asirifi S.A.
Abstract
The article reviews maternal mortality rates in the Republic of Ghana. It has been identified that maternal mortality in Ghana is an integral indicator of women’s health in their reproductive age which reflects the complex interactions between economic, cultural, social, hygienic, medical and organizational factors.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):50-53
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SOME ETHICAL FEATURES OF DOCTOR-FEMALE PATIENT RELATIONSHIP
Sevastyanova N.V., Khuako G.A.
Abstract
Obesity is a biopsychosocial problem which can hardly be hidden. It is considered to be a chronic and relapsing condition which requires long-term, most often life-time treatment which aims to reduce body weight, improve the quality of life and increase the patient’s life span. The article discusses some ethical aspects of the relationship between the endocrinologist and patients with obesity which is particularly essential in the era of obesity pandemic.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):53-55
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VIOLATION OF ETHICAL STANDARDS IN THE PRACTICE OF COSMETOLOGY
Krajnova I.A., Rakhimullina O.A., Vorobyova N.A.
Abstract
The authors have considered a number of cases when ethical standards in the practice of cosmetologists were violated. Greater attention is paid to the differences between diagnoses and recommendations made by physicians from different cosmetology clinics.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):55-57
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ETHICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MENTAL HEALTH AND FORENSIC SERVICES
Poplavskay O.V., Poplavskij A.E.
Abstract
The article describes a forensic medical examination of a person with a mental disorder. It also focuses on medical opinion of forensic science experts on the consistency of their actions in the course of forensic medical examination of people with mental disorders. The article includes a number of recommendations on the interaction between mental health and forensic services in such situations.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):57-60
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SOCIAL RISKS OF NEW BIOTECHNOLOGIES
Statsenko M.E.
Abstract
Active development of biotechnologies is associated with social risks. Bioethics is obliged to prevent these risks. The role of bioethics in the age of biotechnology was discussed at Moscow International Congress. This is a review article which describes various points of view on the issue under discussion.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):60-61
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Round table on «Doctor - Patient - Society Relationship: Models and Reality»
Moiseeva O.N.
Abstract
The article focuses on a new «Transdisciplinary Research in Medical Humanities» (TRMH) project and «Doctor-patient-society Relationship: Models and Reality» roundtable conducted within the framework of the project implemented by Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (MSMSU). TRMH project aims to consolidate the community in the field of medical and humanitarian issues, to create shared information space in this area and to establish a new social institution which will be able to conduct scientific, social and expert activities in the field of medical and humanitarian issues with the help of certain civil society mechanisms.
Bioethics. 2013;6(1):61-63
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