Vol 7, No 2 (2014)

Articles

BIOETHICS AND PERSONALIZED MEDICINE

Petrov V.I.

Abstract

The problem of the theoretical and practical relationship between bioethics and personalized medicine is still conceptual was not considered. Fragmented approaches to this issue prevents the formation of an adequate understanding of the essence of personality, which makes the subject of this direction. To compensate for the shortcomings of this approach can, thanks bioethical reflection of a new direction in medicine. In this connection it is necessary to solve a number of theoretical problems, which are formulated in the article.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):5-6
pages 5-6 views

THE ROLE OF BIOETHICS IN THE PRESER VA TION OF THE ETHNIC GROUP

Sedova N.N.

Abstract

Assessment and standards in modern bioethics cannot be exactly the same for all countries and peoples; they must correspond to ethnic age of this particular ethnic group. Therefore, scientific invariant of biomedical ethics always functionally acts as a cultural reflection of the national model of medicine. On the other hand, normative bioethical regulation allows adapting national standards for medicine as a cultural complex to international requirements. The article demonstrates ethical options support for different ethnic
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):6-9
pages 6-9 views

ON THE QUESTION OF NECESSITY OF SUBSTANTIA TION OF POLITICAL BIOETHICS

Tsyrdea T.N., Sprincean S.L.

Abstract

Solution of contemporary anthropoenvironmental global crisis depends on moral revival of humanity much more than previous global hardships of Earth population. To give the contemporary humanity a more adequate chance to overcome this regress it is necessary to substantiate and establish a new branch of bioethical science - political bioethics, as a new innovative bioethical dimension of existence and as a tool for implementation of the strategy of mankind survival. In the applicative way, political bioethics deals with pressure of policymakers on bioethical institutions and bioethical social consciousness, it also contributes to the amplification of influence of bioethical organizations, scientific and professional communities of civil society on social-political decisions. As a theoretical discipline, political bioethics is based on comprehensive theories, concepts, and categories related to political life in conditions of multidimensional global crises as well as the inevitability of the revision of moral norms and principles reduced to a common denominator - the necessity of protection and compliance of safety rights, and welfare of humans and their natural biological environment -biosphere. The article proves the need for substantiation of political bioethics in conditions of amplification of planet crises, for analysis of prerequisites of its uprising and formation.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):10-15
pages 10-15 views

METHODOLOGICAL QUESTIONS OF RESEARCH OF NORM AND NORMATIVITY IN BIOETHICS

Sidorova T.A.

Abstract

Concept of the norm, universal for many forms of scientific knowledge is of particular importance for the theoretical study of bioethics. The article considers the main approaches to the understanding of the rules relevant regulatory functions of bioethics. Philosophical and methodological analysis of the concept of the norm indicates that the existence of standards should be considered in the procedural modalities of variability transformations formation. Such ontological decision will correspond understanding norms as hold invariant within variability. Bioethics as a discursive practice of social communication on sensitive moral issues of modern biomedicine, is dealing with a special type of rules that have to express what is considered normal and identify divergent range of variation of conventional thinking.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):15-19
pages 15-19 views

NONDISCRIMINATION AND NONSTIGMATIZATION AS A KEY POINT FOR SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL OF HIV/AIDS PANDEMIC

Kubar O.I.

Abstract

The information about the history of establishment ethical and legal regulation for HIV/AIDS has been done. It is shown that for control of HIV/AIDS pandemic the special place should be faced to protect the human rights, to solve the conflict between individuals and society and to follow the universal principals of bioethics such as: solidarity, social responsibility and sharing of benefits in all arias of human activity. The legal and ethical regulations in the field of HIV/AIDS have presented on national, regional and global levels. It is mentioned that ddespite the progress in the field of diagnostic and treatment of HIV/AIDS was made, discrimination and sigma continued to be the main problem for access to essential medical care. This fact, once again shows the great role of education and creation the ethical response on HIV/AIDS pandemic. Report of the IBC UNESCO “On the Principle of Non-discrimination and Nonstigmatization" as set forth in Article 11 of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights (UNESCO, 2005) has been presented in the frame of HIV/AIDS problems. The main discrimination and stigmatization risks and courses of reflection and action have been described. In the article has clarified the great value of the collaboration between authorities and society for achievement nondiscrimination and nonstigmatization, as important factor for successful surveillance and control of HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):19-23
pages 19-23 views

THE ETHICAL ASPECTS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL EXPERIMENT

Albertin S.V.

Abstract

An article describes the International Bioethical Principles used in animal experimentation. The data presented give an evidence that development of human noninvasive techniques is closely related both to scientific and social aspects of our life. Usage of the bioethical principles by scientists provides a high validity of experimental data obtained and allows to keep themselves as a human beings.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):23-28
pages 23-28 views

THE LOCAL ETHICS COMMITTEES: REALITY AND PERSPECTIVES (SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY)

Gamova I.V., Skliarova T.V.

Abstract

The article presents the author's analysis of the relevance of ethics committees at the international, federal and regional levels. The authors focus on the readiness of the professional medical community at the regional level to take into their daily practice of this social institution as ethics committees and the willingness of society to participate in the work of the Institute. The authors of the pilot study revealed the potential for changing the attitudes of the professional community to the composition of the Ethics Committee.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):28-33
pages 28-33 views

MULTIDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE IGAC: WHAT IS THE PLACE OF BIOETHICS?

Serova I.A., Basov A.V.

Abstract

FSES would fundamentally alter pedagogical control technology graduates training: interview examination questions is checked in on-line mode, demonstration, manual skills on the phantoms and multidisciplinary discussion between alumni and faculty clinical, theoretical and humanitarian blocks on a wide range of issues concerning multi-situational tasks. It is necessary to define the role of teachers of bioethics in this process and to outline the range of issues that should identify the competencies of students in the field of bioethics. This problem is discussed in this article.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):33-38
pages 33-38 views

BIOETHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PATIENT SAFETY IN SURGERY

Maskin S.S., Karsanov A.M., Lopasteysky D.S., Kokaev I.P.

Abstract

The article presents the results of testing and practical effectiveness of elements of the new strategy bioethical subordinate application objectives improving patient safety in surgery for two different models of clinical research. The examples of the introduction of technology rapid recovery after surgery for colon cancer and protocol differentiated escalation prevention of venous thromboembolic events has been positive clinical effects, as expressed in the significant decrease in frequency and severity of postoperative complications and mortality in the main comparison groups. Marked correlation between the effectiveness of the proposed surgical approaches and the formation of qualitatively different models of integrative interaction between participants of the treatment process, with the creation of new forms of interdisciplinary collaboration between health professionals and by enhancing the role of the patient.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):38-42
pages 38-42 views

INFORMED CONSENT IN THE TROUBLED FIELD OF LAW AND BIOETHICS (THE CASE OF JUDICIAL PRACTICE)

Teunova D.N., Donika A.D., Titovskaya V.A.

Abstract

The article presents the materials (statement of claim in the court of second instance) Case of jurisprudence, which is shown by the example of the ambiguity estimates a causal link between the come complication of medical interventions and actions of health workers (health care facility). Examples of real cases demonstrated that the problem of informed consent, is still relevant in modern medical practice and requires legal improvements, since the considered norm already transformed from the bioethical in the legal.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):42-45
pages 42-45 views

THE APPLICATION OF THE METHOD CASE STUDY IN THE ANALYSIS OF ETHICAL SITUATIONS IN OBSTETRIC PRACTICE

Kostenko T.I., Kostenko O.V., Bondarenko A.S.

Abstract

The article considers the peculiarities of using case studies in obstetric-gynecologic practice. The authors clarify the meaning of the case method, discuss, analyze and evaluate adverse outcomes on the examples of real cases. With the rapid spread of new information technologies require the revision process of training. The ability to use this method in theory, helps to improve the quality of work and develop a responsibility for the life and health of patients obstetric-gynecologic practice.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):45-48
pages 45-48 views

ETHICAL ISSUES IN PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY PRACTICE

Nikiforova E.M., Kantemirova G.A.

Abstract

The problem of the relationship between doctor and patient is relevant not only for medicine but also for society over the centuries. The interaction is three-membered in Pediatrics chain: the doctor-parent-child, this creates additional social and psychological problems. Unfortunately, the rights and health of the child, in these respects, are not always in the first place. The article examines the cases of violation of the rights of the child in pediatric gastroenterology practice and gives recommendations for their prevention.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):48-50
pages 48-50 views

THE RELATIONSHIP OF HEALTH WORKERS AND RO-PARENTS OF CHILD PATIENTS IN THE PRACTICE OF CHILD INFECTIONS

Cramar L.V., Kaplunov K.O., Kantemirova G.A.

Abstract

A Round table on problems of inter-relations between health professionals and parents of children suffering from infectious diseases was held in the editorial staff of "Bioethics". It was mainly about inpatient treatment of such children and those conflicts that arise between physicians and parents in this situation. The Roundtable participants were almost unanimous in their assessments and proposed a series of measures for the prevention of conflicts between the medical staff and representatives of the child-patient. However, it was felt that a single ethical guidelines for such situations to develop not. Therefore, the decisive factor for overcoming contradictions with representatives of the child is the professionalism of the doctor, his moral training and legal knowledge.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):50-54
pages 50-54 views

DIALOGUE ON BIOETHICS

Budarin G.Y.

Abstract

We offer our readers a report held in Kazan international conference on actual problems of bioethics. The report shows the most important events of the conference and the most memorable presentations. Reported on the meeting of the International society for clinical bioethics, the venue provides this time became the Republic of Tatarstan.
Bioethics. 2014;7(2):55-56
pages 55-56 views

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