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Vol 13, No 1 (2020)

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Articles
Ethics in medical education (on the 85 th anniversary of the Volgograd State Medical University)
Sedova N.N.
Abstract
The article traces the forty-year history of the establishment of the Bioethics training course at the Volgograd State Medical University, which turns 85 this year. It is told about those who played a major role in the development of bioethics as a training course, what difficulties and successes were along this path. The logic of the institutionalization of bioethics through the creation of ethical examination procedures is traced. Actual problems of bioethics, as well as ongoing bioethical activities are not covered and are not called, since the materials of the anniversary issue of the journal are devoted to them.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):3-4
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Bioethics in narrative foreshortening: from «science of survival» to the radical ethics of salvation (on the material of R. Kipling’s story «The miracle of Purun Bhagat»)
Smirnov K.S.
Abstract
The increasingly foreshortening of bioethics known as narrative and even literary bioethics is analyzed in article. This analysis is realized on the material of Rudyard Kipling’s story «The miracle of Purun Bhagat». Deconstruction in its ethical aspect comes out in this case as method of the overcoming of logocentrism and becomes radicalization of ethics. The talk is about consideration of bioethics not simply as the science of survival but as radical ethics of the salvation of life. The text of the story is interpreted as pharrmacon, remedy, sure remedy for human consciousness, society and nature. The result of the analysis is the idea of the consideration of conservative bioethics as radical ethics of salvation and science about spiritual-moral essence of human. This essence is consciousness, which is always moral consciousness in contradiction to intellect deprivated of moral dimension and leading humankind on the way of catastrophic progress to transhumanistic, posthuman future.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):5-9
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Bioethics: definition and types
Siluyanova I.V., Pishchikova L.E.
Abstract
Bioethics is defined by the authors as a form of knowledge about the permissible limits of manipulating human life in the range from birth to dying. A comparative analysis of the materials of the Conference in Jerusalem (2018) and the «Handbook on Bioethics for Judges» (2016) prepared by the UNESCO Department of Bioethics in Haifa, on the one hand, and Statements of the Church and Social Council on Biomedical Ethics of the Russian Orthodox Church, on the other, was conducted. It proves that bioethics as a type of modern medical ethics exists and will exist in the near future in conservative and liberal forms. Disclosure of their content contributes to solving the problem of finding compromises in specific situations of medical practice.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):9-16
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The strategy of individualization of identity in modern culture: philosophical analysis
Seleznev I.S.
Abstract
The article considers the process of identity constructing in modern culture. As a result of the case analysis, the author conceptualizes the modern identity construction strategy as an individualization of identity. The worldview foundations of this strategy are revealed. It is proposed to distinguish two paradigms of identity on the basis of the function of social representation: I-as-image and I-as-symbol. The author connects the tendency of individualization and delegitimation of social institutions in modern culture with the process of transition from a symbolically oriented type of consciousness to a type of consciousness focused on figurative perception.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):16-21
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Volgograd experience of humanitarian education in a medical university
Shkarin V.V., Donika A.D., Yagupov P.R.
Abstract
The article discusses the long-term experience of humanitarian education and the formation of moral values of the medical profession at the Volgograd State Medical University. It is considered the activities of the University for development of professional and scientific research competencies of students in the interdisciplinary field of medical and social sciences. The material of scientific research conducted by students shows the process of internalization by them of humanistic models of healing, experience of empathy and compassion, internalization of bioethics and medical law. The article substantiates the conclusion that the practice of educational and scientific work in the field of bioethics, the productive collaboration of teachers of humanitarian and medical disciplines, successful publishing, active participation in all international scientific and educational events in the field of biomedical ethics and healthcare law, allows us to recommend the experience of Volgograd State Medical University as a model for the formation of the social and humanitarian space of medical education for a university s of the Ministry of Health of Russia.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):22-27
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The paradigm of tolerance in the prism of understanding future doctors
Khudina J.S., Wiegel N.L.
Abstract
The article deals with the attitude of medical university students towards gender identification. The problem is extremely urgent because of dynamic change of the world. It has a politematic framework and addresses national features, religious and philosophical aspects, as well as many others. Tolerance issues in general and in certain areas of medicine in particular occupy an important place in the formation of a doctor as a professional. In the publication, a thorough analysis of the materials was carried out, which makes it possible to speak about the discursivity of polo-gender topics. The results of the study made it possible not only to assess the ratio of the concepts of norm and pathology of sexual behavior among medical students, but also to identify the level of interest in this problem.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):27-30
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Secularization of the fall into sin based on Dante's divine comedy (focused interview of medical students)
Yagodina A.U., Serova I.A., Petrov A.V.
Abstract
The article presents the results of an interview in a student’s group on the problem of the fall into sin based on the discussion at the seminar of Dante's «divine Comedy». The authors consider human as an image and likeness of God, who creates himself, choosing between good and harm. There were changes in the perception of the structure of Inferno: the number of circles of hell in the minds of young people interviewed decreased: all respondents do not see sin in unbelief, three-quarters of respondents - in gluttony, half - in lust. The interpretation of heresy and fraud as ways to promote their projects is relevant. The effect of absolute rejection of violence, contemptuous attitude to treachery is revealed. The authors believe that secularization has touched only the first five circles of Hell, but at the bottom everything is still the same.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):31-34
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Implementation of bioethic principles in the evaluation of the patient’s status and role in written medical interaction
Zhura V.V., Semenova E.G.
Abstract
The article explored the fact that various bioethical principles underlie the evaluation of the patient’s status and role in therapeutic interactions in written medical documents. We have found that characterization of biomedical, social and behavioural aspects of the patient’s existence relies on such bioethical principles as obligation, truthfulness, respect for human rights and dignity, the patient’s good. A few facts of the violation of the principle of respect for human rights and dignity consisting in verbal stigmatization have been provided. Bioethical perspective is also taken to evaluate the mode and extent of the patient’s involvement in a medical interaction, which are either negatively or positively assessed based on the patient’s compliance and good.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):35-39
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Doctor’s speech culture as the main component of professional ethics
Fomina T.K., Fateeva Y.G., Kostenko O.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the communicative competence of a doctor as a component of professional ethics. Knowledge of norms of the modern Russian literary language, compliance with these standards in the oral and written speech of a medical worker helps to establish contact between doctor and a patient. To identify the level of knowledge of Russian language norms, readiness for professional speech a scientific research was made, during which the most typical mistakes were revealed: orthoepic, morphological, lexical, stylistic. Following the norms of the language and ethics of communication contributes to the achievement of the main aim of a medical activity - recovering of a patient.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):39-42
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Ethics of dental tourism as a subject of scientific interest
Shchekin G.Y., Osyko A.N., Bakhtin V.A., Kozhevnikov L.L.
Abstract
The theme of the paper is defined by the relevance and insufficient scientific elaboration of the concept of dental tourism in Russia on the basis of deep, comprehensive and conceptually oriented research. The article presents the analytical review of foreign literature in the field of dental tourism. The authors consider various approaches to the definition of the concept of dental tourism. Scientific developments which are devoted to the dental tourism have not been conducted in our country yet. Mainly, the scientific developments in the sphere of dental tourism are conducted for advertising purposes. The authors points to the possibility and necessity of this study within the framework of sociology of medicine which has the methodological and operational basis for achieving the planned result.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):43-48
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Risk-based approach to provide internal quality control and safety medical management programs in dental care practices
Afanasyeva O.Y., Dronov S.V., Serbin A.S.
Abstract
The effectiveness of a quality management program of medical care has to meet not just the quality management standards, but also has to be flexible, taking into account the features of a medical organization and the existing problems in the medical care support. The effectiveness of a quality management program is based on feedback, so the quality control of medical care is so important. The study of problems in medical care gives us the ability to improve both, the quality management program of medical care and the quality and scope of medical services constantly.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):48-53
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Application of the integrated approach to the ethics of radiological protection (part II)
Podzolkova N.A., Romanov S.A.
Abstract
The main objective of this study is to continue an open dialogue between representatives of the nuclear industry and the interested public concerned about the ethics of decision-making in nuclear energy. The authors consider these problems from the perspective of integral philosophy differentiating levels of consciousness. The study consists of two parts. The first one aimed to analyse ethical platforms of radiological protection and the principles of biomedical ethics using the level approach [6]. The summary table of ethical correlates of radiation safety and principles of bioethics is presented. The second part described in this paperis contains a system analysis of the public acceptability of radiation risks depending on the ethical platforms (paradigms) of both decision makers and those for whom decisions are made.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):54-57
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Ethical problems of the research of the thermal state of worker in conditions of manufacturing
Latyshevskaya N.I., Kovaleva M.D., Mirochnok V.V., Belyaeva A.V.
Abstract
The research of the thermal state of workers is associated with s ome ethical difficulties. The research work uses the method of rewards and bonuses for respondents. This argues the relevance of the discussion about the ethical principles of conducting hygienic and physiological studies in conditions of manufacturing.
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):58-61
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Publication ethics of the journal
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Abstract
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):62-62
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Paper submission guidelines
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Abstract
Bioethics. 2020;13(1):62-63
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