Vol 18, No 3-4 (2018)

Articles
DISCOURSE AS REFLECTIVE METHOD OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY
Gerasimov N.N.
Abstract
The article analyzes the discourse as one of the fundamental methods of modern philosophy that involves analysis and understanding of a certain semantic field, sociocultural background and speech connotation of the communicative space. Discursive reality, as the reality of opinions and knowledge about the world, is formed under the influence of a particular discourse and is perceived as an a priori reality of meanings. Sociocultural space is a discursive reality of a special kind, a multi-level environment in which the objects, the things of the surrounding world are reflected. The concepts of discourse (of one domain area) perform the following functions: fix our knowledge about the facts of reality and order the available data, thus building a holistic view of the subject of research. Discourse makes the connection between things (real or idealized objects) the basis of any science, and affirms derivation of concepts from the experience. The philosophy of discourse is not aimed at creation of new models of the world and their study, but at the analysis of the process of extraordinary thinking, which is characteristic of the use of sign language systems in the process of world exploration.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):5-11
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CONSIDERATION OF THE SOCIAL REFLECTION FORMS IN THE CONTEXT OF JUSTICE CATEGORY
Kovshov M.E.
Abstract
This article considers different forms and kinds of the social reflection, as well as their relation to the category of justice. The author analyzes the relation between the law and the moral in the context of the social reflection, and describes different kinds of reflection involved in the process of legal regulation. Attention is paid to the role of the collective subject of the cognitive activity in the social reflection and the content of the evaluation act in the social reflection.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):12-14
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ONTOGNOSEOLOGICAL GROUNDS OF SPIRIT IN SCHELLING'S PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE
Martynenko G.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the background of spirit issue in Schelling's philosophy of nature. It reveals close connection between spirit (mind) concept and theoretical aspect of natural science, and shows the way in which question of spirit could be treated as internal question of natural philosophy. Informative aspect of spirit issue in Schelling's philosophy exposes the key role of scientific worldview in philosophical cognition.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):15-21
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DISCIPLINARY STRUCTURE OF ONTOGNOSEOLOGY
Ognev A.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the consideration of the disciplinary structure of ontognoseology as a holistic philosophical concept, substantiated by the Soviet philosopher M.A. Lifshits. The author presents the characteristics of the preconditions for the problematic unity of his doctrine, and shows the inner connection between the notions of totality, realism and philosophical essentialism. The main emphasis of the research is on the differentiation of philosophical disciplines within ontognoseology. The theoretical problems of natural, systematic and speculative ontognoseology are problematized.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):22-28
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GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS AND THE PROBLEM OF THE INTEGRITY OF SYSTEM OBJECTS IN THE METHODOLOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE
Rednikina V.E.
Abstract
The article presents an attempt of a methodological analysis and ways of solving the integrity of system objects in the light of the development of natural science. The author tries to reveal the basic philosophical ideas of modern natural science. For several decades, they have been trying to find new, deeper and more general concepts, which in the nearest future might allow us to unite into a single theoretical whole such diverse scientific disciplines as physics and biology. It is similar to the latest big step of physical science: quantum theory has established the deepest theoretical synthesis of physics and chemistry - the scientific disciplines that were considered different for many centuries.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):29-32
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THE PECULIARITIES OF SOCIO-CULTURAL POTENTIAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF FINNO-UGRIC AND TURKIC ETHNOMEDICINE IN THE ASPECT OF INFORMATION-OBJECTIVE PARADIGM
Aksenova S.V., Pesotskaya E.N.
Abstract
The objective of the research is to determine the system of common scientific and methodological bases, resources and degrees of social demand for practical experience of ethnomedicine at present in the context of development of regional traditions and spiritual culture; to show the importance of the problem of method in medical knowledge in the historically formed structure of traditional medicine of the Volga region. This article presents the worldview and methodological importance of development of theoretical basis of connective-tissue medicine as the platform for systemic integration of allopathic, alternative and integrative treatment in the information paradigm of the XXI century.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):33-40
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TO THE QUESTION OF CIVILIZATIONAL BASES OF LEGAL NIHILISM
Belkin V.V.
Abstract
The problem of legal nihilism is of great interest to many modern Russian scientists. Topicality of the problem of legal nihilism is evident, taking into account the exceptional significance of implementation of all the opportunities of law as the major regulation of social relations. In identifying the grounds of legal nihilism, it is necessary to consider the irreducibility of one legal culture to another due to the fundamental differences in the historical experience and value orientations of each legal culture. The article shows that when the norms and elements of legal culture that embody the values of one civilization are uncritically borrowed by the society, the values of which are different, it results in a fundamental gap in the legal consciousness, which is a significant basis of nihilistic sentiments.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):41-47
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MODELS OF SOCIETY OF KNOWLEDGE IN MODERN PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE
Karpovich P.E.
Abstract
The article considers the formation of the concept of society of knowledge and determination of its socio-philosophi-cal models. The author pays attention to the preconditions of transition from the concept of post-industrial societies to the new forms of understanding the role of information technologies in the social development. Society of knowledge represents the concept that describes the happening changes within various theoretical models. The scientistic model considers the society of knowledge as a synonym of post-industrial society. The administrative model allocates society of knowledge as a certain stage of post-industrial society. The capitalist model, which opposes society of knowledge to post-industrial society, has undoubted methodological potential, focusing attention on preservation of class contradictions and formation of new forms of social inequality. According to capitalist model, modern society is forming a specific form of capitalism - cognitive capitalism. It is characterized not by leveling, but by strengthening of class contradictions, the source of which is not the difference in the level of income, but inequality in access to information.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):48-52
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THE IMAGE OF THE SPORTSMAN IN THE ART SPACE OF RUSSIAN CINEMATOGRAPH OF THE XX-XXI CENTURIES: FUNCTIONS AND MEANINGS
Ligostaeva N.D.
Abstract
The article presents the results of the study of the artistic image of the athlete in the Russian cinema of the XX-XXI centuries. According to the author, it is possible to distinguish “epoch-making images” of the heroes of athletes in different historical periods. The analysis of images of athletes leads to conclusion that despite the revealed distinctive features of these images, all of them were glorified and were used to internalize certain values, which in turn testifies to educational and value-forming functions of the domestic sport films focused on transmitting of socially approved patterns of behavior.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):53-56
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METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE DEFINITION OF THE PHENOMENON OF ETHNOCENTRISM
Pustarnakova A.A.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the methodological approaches to the definition of ethnocentrism. We define ethnocentrism as a controversial phenomenon that can be evaluated both negatively and positively. However, the positive properties of ethnocentrism are much less common than the negative ones. Ethnocentrism is often a dangerous phenomenon that contributes to xenophobia, intolerance and conflicts.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):57-61
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IDEOLOGY OF THE POST-SOVIET NEO-EURASIANISM
Sokolova A.S.
Abstract
The aim of the article is to analyze the ideology of neo-eurasianism as a response of post-Soviet Russia to modern challenges in the social practice. The difference between neo-eurasianism and soviet and liberal responses is demonstrated. Common features and distinctions of philosophic and political neo-eurasiansm are presented. The author observes dependence of neo-eurasianism on the Russian history, globalization and hegemony of the USA.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):62-68
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PROBLEM OF THE OTHER IN THE EXISTENTIAL PHILOSOPHY OF JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: ANALYSIS OF NON-CLASSIC VIA NON-CLASSICAL METHODS
Afanasevsky V.L.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the theme of the Other (intersubjectivity) in the existential philosophy of J.-P. Sartre. The reasons for the appearance of this problem in the discourse of modern philosophy are revealed. The author argues that J.-P. Sartre considers the theme of the Other as an ontological basis for resolving socio-cultural problems, since the key task of Sartre's phenomenology is to explicate the meaning of the system of “human-world” interrelation.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):69-74
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ON THE METHODOLOGY OF MODERN SCIENTIFIC SCHOOLS OF CULTURAL STUDIES, SOCIOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
Burlina E.Y.
Abstract
The author draws on many years of experience of communication with scientific schools of cultural studies, sociology and philosophy of science, which have grown rapidly in different regions of Russia and are still working successfully. The conference in Moscow in March-April 2018, which was dedicated to the memory of a prominent sociologist Professor G.G. Dadamyan, demonstrated the proximity of his methodology to the dispositional models of the outstanding Russian sociologist Professor V.A. Yadov, Chelyabinsk scientific school of Professor V.S. Zuckerman, as well as research on the philosophy of science of a prominent foreign scientist T. Kuhn. Each of the mentioned scientific schools puts forward research models that combine several dispositional layers: scientific, socio-cultural and strategic.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):75-78
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UNIVERSITY SPACE: BUREAUCRATIC VS. HUMANITARIAN
Naumova O.S.
Abstract
In the end of XX - the beginning of XXI centuries, university reforms in Russia had managerial bias: they did not developed civilizational strategies of higher education, but introduced strict methodological reporting, formal accounting of competencies and other bureaucratic documentation. The goals of the scientific activity were formal: international ratings, high publication factors, which immediately became market products. According to the author, such an approach reduces the humanitarian motivation of scientific creativity, which has been stimulating scientists and changing civilizational practices for centuries. The lack of freedom of scientific creativity as well as the difficult situation of university teachers is one of the most dangerous humanitarian obstacles to the development of universities today.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):79-83
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THE PRINCIPLE OF MONODUALISM IN S.L. FRANK'S ANTHROPOLOGY
Ryabenko A.A.
Abstract
The article considers the principle of antinomystic monodualism of S.L. Frank, its criticism from his contemporaries and his successors, and the possibility of its application in anthropological philosophy. In particular, Frank's philosophy has obvious neoplatonic roots, though it developed in the spirit of Russian traditional religious philosophy. The term “monodualism” appeared specifically in Russian philosophy, as opposed to the ontognoseological preconditions, which can be found in the philosophy of Nicolaus Cusanus and German classical philosophy (although the influence of the latter was rather indirect, since the author seldom refers to it). Taking into account the criticism of Frank's philosophical schemes and agreeing with it to a certain extent, we conclude that the principle of monodualism is valid and efficient in terms of religious philosophy. It is a creatively different option of reconciliation of rationalistic philosophy and mysticism, which unlocks new perspectives for further research in this direction.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2018;18(3-4):84-90
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