Vol 16, No 3-4 (2016)

Articles
VALUE-CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS NONCONFORMISM IN THE POSTMODERN SOCIETY
ANDRAMONOV D.K., LUKMANOV D.N.
Abstract
This article analyzes the specifics and differences of values and cultural bases of noncomformist behavior in the society of “early” and “late” postmodernity. Nonconformism is considered in the context of counter-culture phenomenon and its evolution since the beginning to the present days.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):5-8
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ON THE MEANING OF COEXISTENTIAL COMMUNICATION
BAIBORODOV A.Y.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of communication as coexistence in the context of the problem of meaning. The author distinguishes such notions as existential communication and coexistential communication. Existential communication is the primary mode of co-existence in which the Other is primordially comprehended as “co-present”. Coexistential communication is defined as the universal mode of subjects’ coexistence in their fundamental existential opportunity. Besides, coexistential communication appears to be a principal condition of revelation and actualization of ultimate coexistential overmeaning. The ultimate overmeaning of coexistence is defined by the author as the absolute “limit of reflection’ manifested through a concrete situation of coexistence, but at the same time it negates and overcomes a concrete situation. A solitary coexistential act spontaneously generates and actualizes the ultimate overmeaning of coexistence in a concrete situation.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):9-13
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ON RESPONSIBILITY OF RESEARCHER WITHIN THE GLOBAL CONSEQUENCES OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PROGRESS: WERNER HEISENBERG’S IDEAS AND CONTEMPORANEITY
BIRICHEVA E.V., USHAKOV A.E.
Abstract
The article considers the question of responsibility of a researcher for the subsequences of scientific and technical progress. Reference to the philosophical understanding of this problem undertaken by famous German scientist of the XX century Werner Heisenberg seems to be fruitful. Ideas about answering the question of responsibility for the elaboration and the use of nuclear weapon in the middle of the XX century are extrapolated on the contemporary situation within the context of clarifying of scientists’ role in political decision-making. As the result of complex analysis of the contemporary situation, in which the questions of security come to the fore, it is substantiated that holistic and multidimensional approach to collaboration of scientists, teachers, social organizations and political actors may direct scientific and technical progress to the better.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):14-18
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NATION AS AN ANALYTICAL CATEGORY OF ETHNIC POLITICS
VERESHCHAGIN O.A., ANDREEV O.E.
Abstract
The article is devoted to modern practices of reconstruction of ethnic groups. Ethnos is considered in assessing its epistemological status as an analytical category of ethnic politics. The constructivist method of interpretation of the nation, in the authors’ opinion, fully meets the criteria and principles of post-non-classical rationality and contains an in-depth analysis of international relations. The authors believe that the essential problem of contemporary social theory is the problem of determining the boundaries of ethnos construction in the media space.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):19-22
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PAUL RICOEUR AND HIS INTERPRETATIONS
GASILIN V.N., BOCHKAREVA O.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the French philosopher of the twentieth century Paul Ricoeur and his basic approaches to interpretation. This work covers different reflections on the problems of interpretation and the ways of understanding its linguistic, semantic, phenomenological, structuralistic, existential branches.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):23-29
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ONTOLOGY OF MODERN GENDER RELATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF AUTOPOYEZIS: SOCIOSEXUAL BANG IN NETWORK
GLAZYRINA A.M.
Abstract
The article substantiates the applicability of the concept of autopoyezis to explain the mechanisms of the gender system of society and the formation of gender identity in modern conditions, where information technology performs as one of the main factors of social dynamics. From the point of view of autopoyezis, the concept of gender system appears as a constantly changing and developing structure, which creates itself through its own, inherent only to it, type of system operations - the distinction between the values of masculinity and femininity. This approach changes the status of the subject, makes new interpretations of the interrelation between the system and the environment, and of the established gender notions, which gives the author grounds to justify the constructivist model of gender ontologization, namely the possibility of adjusting the processes of formation of gender values through the use of humanitarian technologies.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):30-34
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SOCIAL CRITICAL THEORY: BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICS
GOLUBEV R.M.
Abstract
The article explores the problem of interpenetration and mutual influence of philosophical and political elements in the social critical theory, as well her specific relation to the political sphere.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):35-40
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LANGUAGES OF TRAVEL: FROM DAILY CONSUMERISM TO HUMANITARIAN SPACE OF THE FUTURE
GRANKINA E.A., BURLINA E.Y.
Abstract
The article is devoted to humanitarian aspects of textualism of travel. The authors believe that designing any tourist experience is associated with axiological, symbolical reality. Thus, the «language» of travel is caused by a certain cultural code, some variations of which are presented in this work.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):41-43
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METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF SCIENCE ACCUMULATION IN HISTORIOGRAPHICAL CONCEPTION OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE BY T. KUHN
GURYANOVA A.V., MINGULOV H.I.
Abstract
The article provides the analysis of the conception of development of science by T. Kuhn and its critical analysis, as well as the interpretation of the processes of dynamics and accumulation of scientific knowledge; it also shows the role of scientific revolutions in the historical development of science. The subject of the study also includes the principles of continuity and correspondence, which are a necessary condition for the development of scientific theories.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):44-49
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ONTOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE PHENOMENON OF MASLENITSA
DEMCHENKO P.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of the origins and conditions of emergence of the phenomenon of Maslenitsa. The paper examines the ontological causes of this holiday. The author relies on the methodology of the philosophy of «imiaslavie» (name worship), the symbolic concept of speech and language, which is designated in the philosophy of A.F. Losev and P.F. Florensky, and the concept of ontological mutual reversibility of the phenomena of language and time described in the works of V.A. Friauf and V.V. Kanafieva.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):50-53
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THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ORIGIN AND SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF FOLK TRADITIONS
DEMYASHEVA L.S., GASILIN V.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to philosophical understanding of the origin of folk traditions from the position of social and cultural phenomena and identification of individuals with society. Ethno-cultural background of social interaction between the individual and society are considered. The role of national traditions in the spiritual development of the individual is emphasized.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):54-56
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FROM PLASTIC TO NATURE, OR ABAUT THE PLACE OF AUTOPOETIC INTERPRETATION OF EXISTENCE IN THE MODERN EDUCFTION SYSTEM
DOROGANOVA O.S.
Abstract
This article presents the mechanism of functioning of the education system which is in a condition of crisis. The starting point of the study is multidimensionality of space of the person of the XXI century, which means simultaneous existence of natural and «plastic» systems. In this context integrity of education as a complex system is revealed in the differentiation of its components: an artificially created institutional structure and a natural element, i.e. personality. The received conclusions allow explaining the mechanism of functioning of the modern education system by means of methodology of autopoiesis.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):57-61
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DOUBT AS A MEANS OF CONVERTING REALITY
ZHDANOVA V.V., SHISHKIN A.E.
Abstract
The article discusses the factor of doubt. As a result of comparison of the data about a skeptic and a “thinking man”, it is concluded that they are different subjects of the study.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):62-67
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SYNERGY: ON THE ISSUE OF THE USE OF THE TERM AND ITS INTERPRETATION IN WESTERN HUMANITIES
IVANOVA V.N.
Abstract
The article presents an analytical review of modern applications of the concept of synergy in the western humanistics: sociology, pedagogy, psychology, the study of intracorporate and multimedia communications.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):68-72
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THE RELATIONSHIP OF FOLK AND CHRISTIAN TRADITIONS IN MASLENITSA
KANAFYEVA V.V., DEMCHENKO P.N.
Abstract
This article analyzes the calendar rites of the Slavs, and Maslenitsa in particular. We study the points of contact between folk and Christian tradition in this holiday, as the majority of modern scholars do not consider the aspect of their commonality. Comparison of different European traditions, the analysis of semantics and symbolism of the rites suggest that Maslenitsa is a special holiday, in which you can trace the features and elements of folk and Christian traditions.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):73-76
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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND SPIRITUAL FACTORS ON THE HEALTH OF PERSON AND SOCIETY
KOVSHOV E.M.
Abstract
The notions of health of the person and society are distinguished in this article; the author defends the point of view about the certain influence of social and spiritual factors on the health, which is treated as the condition of the system promoting the development of the person and society.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):77-79
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MEDIACRACY AND PUBLICITY: THE TRANSFORMATION IN A NETWORKED ENVIRONMENT
KORETSKAYA M.A.
Abstract
The article problematizes the relationship between the new media and the publicity, and also discusses the expectations associated with the transformation of the public sphere under the influence of the interactive network media. These expectations are controversial: there are predictions of a new flourishing of civil society, as well as the complete degradation of the public sphere.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):80-85
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SOCIO-CULTURAL SITUATION: SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL ASPECT
LISTVINA E.V.
Abstract
The article examines the phenomenon of sociocultural context and the possibility of its research based on spatial-temporal characteristics. The author distinguishes the civilizational, anthropological, semiotic, informational, communicative fields of social and cultural situation, which determine its quality status, as well as dominant, parallel, trailing, translational, chaotic, potential flows of socio-cultural situation, which mark the change of situation in time.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):86-90
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EXISTENCE OF «THING» IN MYTH: PHILOSOPHICAL OBJECT-ENERGETIC ASPECT (ON THE EXAMPLE OF ARKAIM CULTURE)
LOBANKOVA I.P.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the problematics of thing’s being in mythological model of the world of the Indo-Iranian culture of the prototown Arkaim. The problem is considered through a prism of dialectics of myth by A.F. Losev, treating energinity as a phenomenon of existence of deep meanings of life in symbols and names, where a thing first becomes a symbol, and then an idea, which turns into a myth. This problematics is considered within philosophical researches of V.N. Toporov in the field of phenomenology, semiotics and comparativeness. It allowed building of communicative сonnections within the Arkaim's culture on the example of the real world, drawing parallels between Arkaim's artifacts and Aryan's Rigveda. The real world is considered within A.B. Nevelev's conception of regularity of the inverse relation between the substantive and energetic parts of a person's life (the less is object definiteness of a person's life, the more is its energetic saturation). Thus, the interrelation of world outlook and the real world of Arkaim's culture, where a «thing» is a unity of the ideal and spiritual, symbolical and material contents, are discovered.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):91-95
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THE COINCIDENCE OF THE OPPOSITES IN THE ARCHITECTONICS OF LINEAR AND CYCLIC TIME
MALYSHEV V.B.
Abstract
Basic features of European metaphysics are described by metaphor of the clock. Semiotics of time, according to the teachings of Nicholas of Cusa, has obtained certain duality - it is both linear and cyclical. On the one hand, according to Christian eschatology and modern theories, time is irreversible and one-directional, it is like an arrow directed towards eternity. On the other hand, there has been an ontological substitution of natural cycles: time, once it appeared on the clock-face of mechanical rotation, has obtained machine cyclicality.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):96-98
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PHILOSOPHY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: RELATIONSHIP CONTEXTS
MARTYNOVICH S.F.
Abstract
The article is devoted to understanding the status of contemporary philosophical studies and works in the field of philosophy of science, or rather, the problems of their relations. We investigate the ontological, epistemological and axiological contexts of relations between philosophy and philosophy of science.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):99-105
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COMPLEXITY THEORY AS A HIGHER LEVEL OF SYNERGETICS
MAYAKOVA A.V.
Abstract
The paper presents the philosophical and methodological analysis of the formation of the theory of complexity as the newest paradigm of postnonclassical science. In the study, the author examines the scientific research of representatives of major synergistic scientific schools: German, Brussels-American, Russian. The author puts forward and substantiates the assumption of the Russian school of S.P. Kurdyumov as systematician of synergetics. In Russia, synergetics has acquired paradigmatic character because the galaxy of contemporary scholars have adopted a synergistic relay only in the new quality - complexity theory.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):106-112
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«THE AXIOMS» IN THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY OF I.A. ILJIN
MEZHEVICH L.M.
Abstract
The axioms of science and religion. The role of scientific terminology in creating the illusion of justification of religion by science and philosophy. The two religious axioms - two religions: “sensual” (faith) and “spiritual” (mystical experience). The desire to create a “spiritual” religion, religious philosophy, and the inability to create them - the cause of the crisis of religion among the intelligentsia. The emptiness of religious “experience” - the emptiness of religious “concepts”: God, Revelation, Spirit. Subjectivism, agnosticism and solipsism of perceptible religious “experience”. Illusiveness, mysticism of spiritual religious “experience”. Internal contradiction of the concept “religious philosophy”. The revival of “sensual” religion” and existence of “spiritual” religion are objects of religious faith.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):113-119
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PARTICIPATING APPROACH IN THE STUDYING OF CHILDHOOD: PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL BASE
MITROFANOVA S.Y.
Abstract
The article is devoted to theoretical bases of the participating approach and the specifics of its application in the studying of childhood as a social phenomenon. Backgrounds of the participating approach are marked. The projection of this approach on the space of childhood is emphasized. The importance of research of children's daily life, in which they are recognized as «experts», is approved. Subjectivity, activity, social competence of childhood, ability to engage children in society are affirmed. The need for exploring childhood through children themselves and for them is indicated; the approach to children as participants and co-researchers is proved. The problems of the participating approach in the studying of children are designated.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):120-123
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LANGUAGE, FOLKLORE AND OUTLOOK: ETHNOPHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT
PETROVA V.V.
Abstract
The article presents a study of such conceptual foundations of ethnophilosophy as language, folklore and outlook, which are aimed at the defining of mechanisms of formation of ethnophilosophy for justification of its objectivity. The author emphasizes the importance of ethnophilosophical aspect for the history of formation of science. In this study, the author also analyzes ideological bases of ethnophilosophy, interrelations between the folklore and the outlook. The author concludes that the problem of language, folklore and outlook is essential for self-determination of ethnophilosophy as a science. As a result of the study of the ethnophilosophical aspect of language, folklore and outlook, the ethnophilosophical knowledge is formed. Communicative function, which is characteristic of folklore as a language sign, leads to the dialectic antinomy towards the autonomous language sign. Duality of communicative and autonomous functions in the folklore is revealed in the process of formation of ethnic philosophy, connected with different levels of the outlook according to the epoch.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):124-129
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ABOUT THE INTERDISCIPLINARY STATUS OF THE SYNERGETICS LANGUAGE: ONTO-EPISTEMOLOGICAL FOUNDATION
POZDNEVA S.P.
Abstract
The subject of this article is the correlation between categorical apparatus of philosophy and language of science. Until recently, only two dictionaries existed - universal categorical framework of philosophy and specific scientific dictionary. Currently, these two areas were joined by third one - interdisciplinary concepts. The author has considered the following aspects of the new areas of modern science called synergetics: different definitions of synergetics as a science, synergetics as a tendency to the synthesis of various sciences, nonlinear processes as one of the areas of synergetics, synergetics as the science of chaos, analysis of a number of concepts of synergetics - attractor, fractal. The main research methods are historical and dialectical. The main conclusions and novelty of the research consists in the fact that all the concepts of synergetics and synergetics itself are interdisciplinary in their nature.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):130-136
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THE PROBLEM OF THE BEGINNING OF HISTORY: THE ROLE OF SOCIAL SYSTEMS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CIVILIZATION
POLETAEVA Y.G.
Abstract
The paper argues that the problem of the beginning of history is relevant and that systematic approach to historical process is necessary to solve it. Systemic interpretation of the problem of the beginning of history lies in the recognition of specific eligibility of different versions of the starting point. It is stated that the beginning is considered here as a nodal point, as the turning point in the transformation of one system to another. “Quality” is important: break of the cyclic repetition, “discovery” of perspective, towards which lies the trajectory of history. The problem of the beginning of history reveals itself through the fixation of phenomena, then transforming into the extensive infrastructure of history process, hidden in its depths. It is alleged that a specific system, which forms a bridge between the late savagery and history itself, can be characterized as a Megamachine.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):137-141
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REALITY OF THE WORLD AND FOUNDATION OF GENUINE KNOWLEDGE (CARTESIAN CONSIDERATION)
POPOV S.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of world reality raised and solved by R. Descartes. The author states a non-intuitive and as a whole inadequate way of Cartesian solution of this problem. It brings us back to ordinary and practical certainty of the world existence. Keeping the philosophic idea of doubt in world reality results in a new reflection of classic science foundations: the world is considered as intentional reality and perception is considered as substitution of natural objects with real mechanistic models.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):142-148
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ETHNICITY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION AND THE INTERNET
PUSTARNAKOVA A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the consideration of the ethnicity in the context of the modern society. Special attention we pay to such features as globalization, with its tendency to uniformity and at the same time with its interest in the local, exotic and ethnic. Also we consider modern society as a society of consumerism, where there are market relations and ethnic entepreneurs begin to use the ethnicity for profit, for example, in ethnic restaurants. One more feature of the modernity is virtualization of reality and spread of information technologies. In global space of the Internet, the ethnic processes do not disappear, but occupy their niche and go to the new level.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):149-153
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RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY: FEATURES OF THE PROJECTS BY A.S. KHOMYAKOV, N.Y. DANILEVSKY AND K.N. LEONTIEV
ROZHKOV V.P.
Abstract
The article presents the analysis of the features of the Ampere-second philosophical-historical projects by A.S. Homyakov, N.Y. Danilevsky and K.N. Leontyev. The author focuses attention on the dilemma of methodological choice of the above mentioned representatives of Slavophilism between reproduction of methodological synthesis in the context of the Russian religious philosophy and methodological principles of the Western European philosophical paradigms. The author reasons the choice of the first option by A.S. Homyakov and the second option by N.Y. Danilevsky and K.N. Leontyev. On this basis, their concept of historical process and conception of the role of Russia in the world historical dynamics is reconstructed, their predictive value is revealed.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):154-158
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PERSONAL LIVING SPACE DYNAMICS IN THE RISK SOCIETY
USTYANTSEV V.B.
Abstract
The article investigates the life space of the individual, emphasizes the dichotomy of «human life as a value» and «value of human life», discusses the influence of values on the structure of the behavioral space in the post-industrial society, analyzes the ways and results of living space informatization. The concept of “risk society” acts as a methodological construct of the research program, and the characteristics of the individual alienation in riskogenic reality are analyzed.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):159-162
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DIAGNOSTICS OF THE PAST: ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES
SHUB M.L.
Abstract
The article considers the problem of the methodological bases of studying of the past - polysemantic phenomenon, subjective by its nature and therefore generating «epistemological chaos» in the scientific environment. All methodological approaches to studying of the past are considered through a prism of their affiliation either to scientific and disciplinary (developed within any science or branch of knowledge), or to author's ones (connected with the author's methodological concept). Analysis of the first group includes approaches to judgment of the past of historical science, «school of the Annals», historical and semiotics school, sociology. Within the second group, author's methodologies of S. Meyen, A. Varburg and M.L. Shub are considered.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):163-166
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IDEAL AS A FORM OF PROJECT-ORIENTED CONSCIOUSNESS
SHERBINA Y.U.
Abstract
The article discusses the concept of the ideal as a form of project-oriented consciousness. The ideal is realized by a project developer as an image of desired future and serves as a guide and motivating force for project activities, especially value ideals, because they are the driving force of the project activity, and project-oriented consciousness deals with them.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2016;16(3-4):167-170
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