Vol 15, No 3-4 (2015)

Articles
Science and industry cluster in the framework of the new paradigm of science
Avdeeva E.V., Kuzovenkova Y.A.
Abstract
This article discusses the transformation of science as a social institution, which resulted in the convergence of science, industry and economy. The result of the convergence is a scientific and industrial cluster as a source of innovative development of the economy. The example of Samara region shows the impact of medical cluster on the medicalization of the region. IT-medicine is presented as a case of virtualization of socio-cultural space in the XX-XXI centuries.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):5-12
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Historical memory in the historiography of ancient Greece: philosophical analysis of the interaction
Anisimova S.Y.
Abstract
The paper is devoted to the philosophical analysis of the representation of historical memory in the historiography of ancient Greece. The author considers the types of historical memory of Greek society in the temporal context. The author concludes that the binding interaction basis of historical memory and historiography is a common layer of temporal cycles and functionality of the historical memory of the Greek society.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):13-16
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Philosophizing cultural practices of the Russian intelligentsia
Bakshutova E.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the cultural practices of the intelligentsia: conceptualization, discourse designing, ideologemes as specific historical forms of Russian intelligentsia philosophizing, which ensure its preservation and reproduction.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):17-21
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Chronotope, chronotype and chronotopia
Bokuradze D.S., Burlina E.J., Ilivickaja L.G.
Abstract
Authors distinguish the concepts of "chronotope", "chronotype" and "chronotopia", linking them to different subject fields. "Chronotope" is used in the analysis of literary texts, in the interpretation of historical events and everyday time. In social and human studies, the city is also connected with the concept of "chronotype". The authors understand "chronotopia" as a theory of space-time diagnostics, which is applicable for subject, intersubject and transdisciplinary objects, for example: "chronotopia of the city", "chronotopia of the country."
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):22-25
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Philosophical variations of the city
Burlina E.J.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the philosophical phenomenon of the city and refers to the metaphor «city as a theater» or «city as a stage». This approach allows us to look at the city as a «transdisciplinary object». It needs to be the aim of study and work of not only urbanists, but also of a wide range of theorists from various socio-humanitarian disciplines.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):26-31
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John Locke on practical orientation of cognition theory
Vinogradova Y.V.
Abstract
The article considers the practical aspect of philosophical problem of cognition theory represented in the works of J. Locke. The methods that Locke uses to develop the mind abilities and people’s skills are defined in this article. The scientist proves that good education and training form worthy and respectable people. This article demonstrates that such works of the scientist as «An essay concerning human understanding» (1689), «Some thoughts concerning education» (1693), and «On the conduct of the understanding» (1706) can be considered as a kind of balance between philosophy, pedagogy and psychology. Locke doesn’t simply study the human nature; his goal is to reveal its best sides.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):32-37
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Language sign" and "aesthetic sign": two ways of philosophical conceptualization of the space of dance
Voronina N.I., Dogorova N.A.
Abstract
"A language sign" and "an aesthetic sign" are considered as two structural independent semiotic formations in the organization of the language space of dance. Their comparison is carried out by analogy with division of two conceptual paths - the rules of the use of signs (Y.B. Borev) and the attitude towards reality through concepts of "the signifier" and "the signified" (F. de Saussure). "Pure" physiological thinking is peculiar only to the plastic dancing performer. The arrangement of psychophysical norms and the structure of the movement (unlike sound and voice) finally make for him the only possible reality of potential existence of dancing as a form of external corporal harmony of personalization.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):38-44
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Patriotism in the value consciousness of students
Gaten J.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the understanding and the essence of patriotism as a socio-cultural value. On the basis of theoretical analysis of the views of modern scholars, the paper highlights different approaches that reveal the main aspects of patriotism, and defines the quality parameters to assess the patriotic values. The results of the sociological survey are analyzed, and features of patriotic ideas in today's college students are identified. In this regard, the need to improve the system of patriotic education in colleges and universities is justified.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):45-52
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Inversions of industrial city and its cultural legacy
Golubinov J.A.
Abstract
This article discusses inversions of industrial city. The author shows that the city has consistently passed two stages: from social rejection of its essence and denial of its legacy to recognition of its outstanding role in the history and the need to save all kinds of its cultural artifacts.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):53-61
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Sectarianism in the structure of religious extremism
Gordeev N.S.
Abstract
This article explores the relationship between sectarianism and religious extremism, considering the current judicial and investigative practice. The paper discusses various kinds of sects, provides their comparative analysis, and reveals peculiar features that have criminological value.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):62-71
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Mental intuition on spiritual experience of heart in L.P. Karsavin’s philosophy
Gorodneva M.S.
Abstract
The article examines one of the main questions of ontology by L.P. Karsavin that is closely connected to his All-unity philosophy. The problem of theophany appeared in the works of L.P. Karsavin as a result of his addressing to the questions of positive All-unity organization and its internal dynamics, which was typical for Russian religious philosophy representatives. The analysis is structured in the form of comparison with Christian metaphysics: fundamental difference of orthodoxy is the thesis of the essential similarity of God and creation; at the same time, the common point is the contemplation of the concept of love. It is the essential principle of love that makes possible the interaction between God and human being; it is the base of justification and sense. It is the ontological basement of All-unity.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):72-77
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The map of education and the problem of educational spaces. Scientists of Samara as participants of global conferences
Grankina E.A.
Abstract
The atlas of education, promoting the analysis of educational space of the country, is one of the basic subjects of modern management and analysis. The international conference "Regional Differentiation of Educational Systems" organized by Higher School of Economics, which took place in Moscow on 18-19 December, 2014, gave start to substantial discussion of correlation between state and local, typical and unique in educational space of the country. This conference brought together Russian and foreign experts in the sphere of regional analysis, including the scientists from Samara - not only skilled experts, but also young scientists. The author of the article introduces the main approaches on the subject, and also marks its philosophical and culturological aspects.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):78-81
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Personality and requests of information society
Grineva O.A.
Abstract
This article finds out the essence of information society, namely the principles and conditions of interaction of a person with different informative resources. Modern information society imposes certain requirements on the personality that are related to computer literacy, ability to operate quickly and efficiently with a powerful flow of information that a person receives daily from various sources and to work efficiently with computer innovations and technologies, applying unconventional thinking and creative approach to the solution of certain tasks.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):82-86
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The substantiation of the methodology of historical knowledge in Karsavin’s metaphysics of all-unity
Demin I.V.
Abstract
This article discusses and analyzes the historiosophical concept of L.P. Karsavin. The link between the history of metaphysics, the theory of historical process and methodology of historical knowledge is revealed. The correlation between interpretations of “history” and “biography” in Karsavin’s philosophy is clarified. The differences in the interpretation of method of historical knowledge in Karsavin’s works and Neo-Kantianism are identified.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):87-94
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Phenomenon of language of archaic plastic corporality: from primitive society to antiquity
Dogorova N.A.
Abstract
This article considers the philosophical context of the concept "archaic plastic corporality". The category of language of dance is brought out as a direct component of nonverbal plastic typicality and convention. The paper reveals mechanical universality and chronological substitution of sense of "dance" by one of its functions - plasticity, which blocks emotional and physiological aspects of this phenomenon in cultural space of human creativity.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):95-103
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In search of the city
Zanin S.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the research work of humanitarians of specialized university. Urban Studies as an interdisciplinary project were developed in Samara State Medical University with the support of the Russian Humanitarian Foundation. The author discusses the concept of scientific collection "The City as a Stage", issued in 2015, paying attention to the methodology of articles devoted to Samara and other Russian cities with million-plus population.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):104-106
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Aesthetic basis of visual communication in the architectonics of culture
Ivanov A.V.
Abstract
The article analyzes the aesthetic basis of culture architectonics expressed in the national forms on the example of the pavilions of the World Expo.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):107-110
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Innovations and their specificity in contemporary culture
Ilivickaja L.G., Kolsanov A.V., Kovaljunas N.V.
Abstract
The article presents the analysis of innovation as a concept and as a phenomenon. Particular attention is focused on the understanding of innovation and its distinctive characteristics resulting from the present stage of development of culture and society. The authors substantiate the importance of socio-humanitarian approach to the problems of innovation as one of the most important tasks of philosophy.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):111-115
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Medicine in the city landscape
Kirilenko E.I.
Abstract
Existing in the palette of possibilities of the city surrounding description, the medical line still remains marginal. However, in the modern medicalized culture, when «the health has substituted salvation» (Foucault), there is every reason to see the city as the medical complex. The city can be considered not only as the context, but also as the text of the medical discourse, which leaves traces of its own formation, development, modifications and innovations in the city landscape. The possible medical thematisations, mentioned in the urbanistic literature, are the following: city as a body, city and disease, city and health.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):116-122
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The value of studying social mentality for different fields of knowledge and practice
Kochergina V.I.
Abstract
The importance of study of social mentality concept in ethnic and national aspects is discovered in this article. The study of social mentality as complex phenomenon was started in historical science, in which the cardinal reorientation from the history of ideology to the history of people was made. Appealing to mentality of community changed the understanding of time and space, gave the ability to get the most complex comprehension of the worldview of a person from another epoch or ethno-national group. In the political sphere of society, taking into account the features of mentality of a community allows formation of an adequate political mythology and ideology, which contribute to the complex evolution of personality in a society. Deep understanding of ethnos social mentality is extremely important for polyethnic societies, which Russian society also belongs to. Social mentality underlies any culture. That is why a research of this concept is an important part of forming of a dialog between two different cultures in our country.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):123-130
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Medicalization of Samara`s «urban stage»
Kuzovenkova Y.A.
Abstract
This article analyzes the dynamics of the medical sphere in Samara during the period of the end of XIX - beginning of XXI centuries. The author examines the social role of a doctor, the continuity in the development of medical institutions, peculiarities of their transformations, image potential of the medical sphere for the city.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):131-138
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Space and topos
Mavlyudov D.K.
Abstract
The article provides a critical review of the concept of space within the ontology. It considers philosophical and scientific concepts of space. It discloses the concept of "topos" as an option of the most correct designation of formally constituing relations in the structure of being.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):139-145
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Ilyin I.A. on materialism and atheism
Mezhevich L.M.
Abstract
The concept “atheist”. Atheists who believe in God and who don’t. The difference between the religious studies and theology. The role of the religious feeling of believers. The absence of religious feeling in unbelievers. Religious faith as characteristics of subjective human condition. The irrational nature of religious faith. «Rational» methods of religious criticism of atheism and protection of religion. Religious and secular faith. The possibilities of the dispute and debate between believers and atheists.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):146-154
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Biomedicine as a cultural system: anthropological characteristics of innovation theory
Mikhel D.V.
Abstract
The article examines biomedicine from the anthropological point of view. Biomedicine is characterized as a system with such features as monotheism, universal moral order, materialism, the idea of suffering as a disease, treatment without healing.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):155-157
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Ideologically determined choice in modern society from the perspective of social philosophy
Ravochkin N.N.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to theoretical analysis of «ideological pluralism», definition of its basis, its relation to political pluralism and its main functions, which are promoting of development and articulation of political interests of different social groups and preserving the integrity of a democratic society.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):158-165
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On philosophy and strategies of innovation in the global neurology and neurology of Samara region
Repina L.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the current level of innovativeness of neurology in the world and in Samara region. The author raises the problems of the relationship between innovation and industrial society, the role of the physician in implementing innovations, current trends in the global neurology and neuroscience in Samara region, and prospects of its development. The article is based on materials of own study.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):166-171
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Options of deviation in the social organism. Social and philosophical analysis
Romadanov N.M.
Abstract
This article analyzes the views of scientists who were or are engaged in the study of various manifestations of deviation. The paper considers the main scientific concepts, namely positive and negative deviation and its role in the development of society. Based on this, the author dwells upon the idea of possible functions that may be performed by deviation in society, which is an integral part of the development of any society, and shows the necessity of further study of the functional purpose of deviation in society.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):172-178
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The concept of "Russian question" in Nazism and the existence of "resistance to evil" in the early events of the Great Patriotic War
Khusainova A.K.
Abstract
The author examines the concept of "Russian question" in Nazism and the ontology of the process of cruel ruling and destruction of the occupied territories of the Soviet Union, extermination of its population in the early stages of the war, and also the resistance to violence, the manifestation of fortitude and courage of soldiers, who saved the country from falling into the abyss of historical oblivion. On the eve of the anniversary of the Great Victory, the ontology of events of the war and the existential heroism of the Soviet Union peoples in the struggle for freedom and independence of the country against the Nazi invaders are of particular relevance in the context of recent events in Eastern Europe and across the globe.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):179-186
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The dualism of common sense as the basis of scientific rationality
Yartsev R.A.
Abstract
The problem of justification of scientific knowledge by the human common sense is discussed in this paper, which offers a new solution that takes into account the detectable contradiction between cognitive and practical guidelines. It is shown that this contradiction is not removable, and leads to the dualism of common sense, which is essential for learning, since it determines the difference in cognitive norms of theoretical and practical reason. The possibility of reaching a compromise between these two kinds of reason in the cognitive process through the use of a universal method of science derived by the author is justified. The differences between the proposed concept and Kant’s system are determined.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):187-197
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Svedeniya ob avtorakh
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Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):198-203
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Trebovaniya k oformleniyu rukopisey
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Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2015;15(3-4):204-212
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