Vol 13, No 3-4 (2013)

Articles
Formation of Russian philosophy in the cultural context of Ancient Russia
Afanasevskiy V.L.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the formation of Russian philosophical discourse. This process is analyzed in the context of Russian culture. The author emphasizes the fact that the original Russian philosophy (as abstract theorizing) appeared only in the XVIII century.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):6-20
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The semantics of decimal digits of the Pi number in the context of the ancient Indian philosophy of numbers
Denisov D.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the semantic field of the first ten decimal digits of the number Pi. The analysis is based on the 25-element structureе of the Saankhya, the old Indian philosophy of Numbers, on the conception of the ancient Tetractys, the system of emanations (aeons) etc. The method of description and interpretation can be used for decoding the next decimal sings of the number Pi.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):21-30
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The chronotope of the city in the subcultures of art practices: a case study of graffiti and street art in Samara
Kuzovenkova Y.A.
Abstract
The article examines the perception of urban space in the subcultures of graffiti and street art, and the features of interaction with it. The chronotope of Samara presented in the urban narratives is compared to the chronotope presented in the interviews with the representatives of these subcultures.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):31-37
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The university festivals as an urban phenomenon: consolidation of professors and students
Naumova O.S.
Abstract
University festivals, which grew as internal and corporate holidays, have a profound effect on the city. This problem is considered in the large historical and cultural context, beginning from the festivals of the oldest universities until the large-scale Universiade and the university festivals in Samara - the city with over a million dwellers. The university festivals are interpreted as a phenomenon of the culture that has a big impact on the development of the city. The internal function of the university festivals is the consolidation of the professors and the students; the external one is the formation of the spirit of the city and the citizens. Theoretical conceptions consolidating modern festivals with the human capital formation and humanization of the urban environment are discussed in the article.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):38-45
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Megahistorical interpretation of Global Development Governance
Sazhienko E.V.
Abstract
Morality and law are seen as manifestations of self-organization and governance in social sphere. The evolutionary changes of governance mechanisms are presented in connection with the trends of social evolution, such as the growth of organizational complexity, improving of the cultural and psychological regulators of human behavior, etc., and as one of the many manifestations of the complexity increase, which is the most general evolutionary megatrend. In addition, the question of the possible cosmic significance of the intelligence as a regulation mechanism is discussed.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):46-55
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On the concept of «money value»: economic, social and philosophic aspects
Slatov D.G.
Abstract
This article is dedicated to the assessment of the existing strategies of evaluation of money value. The concept “value of money” in social-philosophical aspect is considered. The concept “converter of values” is introduced; the properties of different converters are compared.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):56-60
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The impact of social memory of the city on the formation of the tourist area of Samara
Solomina I.J.
Abstract
The article analyses the social memory of the city, which is an important tourist resource affecting the tourist area of Samara.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):61-67
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Time force: to the problem of chronotypology of culture
Shub M.L.
Abstract
Typologization is a universal method of knowledge, including the context of studying of philosophical, culturological and historical perspective. The importance of perception of time as the basis for allocation of various historical and cultural types is justified in the article.The author's concept of a chronotypology of cultures is entered, and also various typologies of culture withdiachronic and synchronous options are presented. Special attention in the concept of chronotypology is paid to the phenomenon of the past in various aspects - its perception in itself, the attitude towards it in comparison with other modes of time (present and future), the place of the past (traditions, ceremonies) in the system of values of this or that historical and cultural community.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):68-75
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The Samara district court: features of organization and activity in the second half of the XIX century
Zavodyuk S.Y.
Abstract
The article deals with the issues of the organization and activities of the Samara District Court in the second half of the XIX century. The implementation problems of the judicial reform of 1864 in the concrete historical socio-cultural space are considered on the basis of published and archival materials; common features and the specifics of judicial institutions activities in the Samara province are highlighted.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):76-84
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Social legislation in Germany during Hohenzollern Imperial period and the Weimar Republic
Ivanchuk D.V.
Abstract
This article presents the history and the development of the state social policy in Germany between the 1880s and the 1920s. The author analyses the social legislation of those years; special attention is paid to the social and legal foundations of the Weimar Constitution of 1919.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):85-91
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The legal basis for the process of reorganization and democratization of local authorities in the period of the Provisional Government (spring-summer 1917) in the Middle Volga region
Matveev M.N.
Abstract
The article discusses the process of renewal and democratization of local authority bodies in the Middle Volga region after the February Revolution of 1917 in Russia. The author analyses the documents of the Provisional Government on the organization of local authorities and analyses the archival sources on the topic of elections to local self-government authorities, showing the way the legal basis for central government lags behind the changes taking place in the region.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):92-100
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Ideology and sense of justice:challenges of legal regulation of state enterprises in the era of NEP
Zanin S.V., Sadivankina S.K.
Abstract
This article analyzes the debate among legal professionals of the NEP era about the nature of legal regulation of civil turnover. The conclusion is that in a split of justice the lawyers were not able to develop a clear legal concept. As a result, the current legislation was ahead of the development of the doctrine. Under these conditions, the legal regulation of public bodies and businesses proved to be beyond the Civil Code.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):101-109
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The compromise as a way to resolve criminal legal conflict in the juvenile justice system
Shestakova L.A.
Abstract
The article examines the impact of global trends on the content of the criminal proceedings and on justice for minors. The author concludes that current trends are associated with the search for alternatives to the classic criminal proceedings, the expansion and implementation of national legislation conciliation procedures aimed at remedial effect of justice, including juvenile offenders.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):110-120
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The first Russian Social Democrats at the origins of the conception of the agrarian question: famine of 1891-1892
Anikina V.P., Folomeev S.N.
Abstract
The article presents the approaches of the first Russian Social Democrats towards the famine of 1891-1892, towards its causes and consequences; notes the concurrence of positions and fundamental differences, which existed among the Social Democrats on the question of aid to the starving population and in the attitude towards the peasantry as a potential ally in the forthcoming revolutionary struggle.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):121-128
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The agrarian question in the views of J.V. Stalin during the revolution of 1905-1907
Folomeev S.N.
Abstract
The article considers the fundamental approaches of J.V. Stalin to the drafts of decisions of the agrarian question in Russia in 1905-1907, which were proposed by the Social Democrats and the Socialist Revolutionaries: municipalization, nationalization, parceling of land, socialization of land. The author presents an attempt to explain Stalin’s own position on the agrarian question.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):129-134
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Charles II's "ghosts": the English army during the Dutch wars
Gordienko D.O.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the development of the English Royal army under Charles II. The paper considers the aspect of integration of the army during the Anglo-Dutch wars of 1660-1670-s. It shows the interaction of the systems of mobilization of military resources in the condition of lack of money and counteraction of the public opinion. The result of the study of this aspect was the conclusion that the Crown could use a field army, mainly recruited from the militia in limited situations. This approach began to falter with the development of regular troops on the continent, which has become a battlefield for the British army in the late XVII century.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):135-140
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Social-psychological and organizational-methodical aspects of inclusive education in medical university
Zaharova E.V.
Abstract
This article discusses the organizational-methodological and sociopsychological aspects of inclusive education in medical school. It provides the data for the psycho-social studies of students and teachers of medical institutions of higher education, aimed at investigating the relevance, opportunities and obstacles of implementation of inclusive education in educational and scientific process of the university. The author examines the readiness of the educational environment of medical institutions of higher education to accept students with special educational needs. A draft of the implementation program of inclusive education in medical school is presented.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):141-150
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The results of the sociological interview of the pharmaceutical alumni of the Volga Federal District universities
Petrukhina I.K.
Abstract
Currently, the pharmaceutical market of the Russian Federation noted the shortage of personnel. Thus, graduates of pharmaceutical faculties are motivated when choosing future place of work and employment. After graduation, 39% of graduates want to work as pharmacy managers; 36% want to work as medical representatives of pharmaceutical and medical companies; 15% want to work in pharmacy organizations. 16 % of graduates are ready to work at Centers for quality control of drugs; 14 % want to work for pharmaceutical companies; 11% dream of becoming a teacher at medical college or university. About 50 % of senior pharmaceutical students want to receive very high salaries. In order to unite the interests of graduates and employers, Samara State Medical University developed an electronic register of pharmaceutical graduates of institutions of higher education in the Volga Federal District.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):151-155
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Foreigners in the ruling elite of the Russian empire during the reign of Ivan VI
Stolyarov O.D.
Abstract
The article deals with a group of foreigners who belonged to the ruling elite of the Russian Empire during the reign of Ivan VI, and quantitative and qualitative changes that have taken place there during this period. The author dwells upon the reasons of reducing the influence of foreigners in the higher spheres of the government and the specific manifestations of this process - the appointments for high posts and granting of ranks.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):156-164
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Researchuniversityasamodel of modern university
Filbert M.I.
Abstract
The paper describes a model of a research university. It presents the concepts of a research university, a research park and a business incubator, examines the experience of the implementation of the model of a research university abroad and in Russia.
Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):165-170
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Information about authors
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Aspirantskiy Vestnik Povolzhiya. 2013;13(3-4):171-172
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