Vol 15, No 3 (2019)

The doctrinal basis of the fight against crime

Legal analysis of the content of the category «criminal law impact»

Lapshin V.F.


The category of “criminal law impact” is currently being actively studied in the domestic legal science for the relationship with the content of the categories of “criminal punishment”, “other measures of a criminal law nature”, “criminal liability”. In the presented study, the problem of determining the types of criminal law influence and the peculiarities of their implementation, depending on the presence or absence of certain legally significant features, is posed. Given the stated problems, the subject of the study is determined in the form of criminal law norms that enshrine deprivation and legal restrictions that apply to persons who have committed a socially dangerous act prohibited by criminal law.

The application in the process of research of a combination of general scientific and private scientific methods allowed us to formulate the final conclusion that the criminal legal effect is realized as a result of the application of criminal liability measures and other measures of a criminal legal nature. Criminal liability is realized on general and preferential terms. The basis for the use of the latter is the fact of positive post-criminal behavior, which significantly reduces the social danger of the perpetrator.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):7-13
pages 7-13 views

Strategic directions of counteraction to certain types of crimes

Careless crime: state, dynamics, measures of general and special counteraction

Avdeev V.A., Avdeeva O.A.


The subject of the study is careless crime, taking into account the implemented national criminal law policy. The aim of the study is to investigate the scientific understanding, content and types of careless crime. Attention is focused on the state, dynamics of careless crime, measures of General and special counteraction to the specified social and legal phenomenon. The methodological basis of counteraction measures is formed by a set of General scientific and private scientific methods, which allowed to investigate the process of novelization of criminal legislation and its implementation at the law enforcement level.

The main results of the study reflect the problems of prevention, prevention, General and special counteraction to careless crime, affecting the effectiveness of the implementation of the mechanism of criminal law regulation of social relations associated with crimes committed by carelessness or negligence. Conclusions concerning types of careless crime, its specific weight, the personality of the careless criminal, including scientific substantiation of the General and special counteraction measures are formulated.

The scientific and practical validity of legislative processes is noted as the defining problem. The problems of implementation of the criminal law in the context of increasing rates of careless crime, actualizing the practice-oriented measures of counteraction, based on the state, structure, dynamics of the development of this social and legal phenomenon. Attention is focused on strengthening the sanctions of criminal law norms regulating increased responsibility for certain types of careless crimes, which in fact do not affect the reduction of criminal tension in the sphere of careless crime. The problematic issues of improving the quality of the criminal law and other normative legal acts providing prevention, prevention and counteraction to careless crimes are revealed. The focus is on improving the quality of activities of state authorities, self-government bodies and civil society institutions, increasing the level of control.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):17-25
pages 17-25 views

Anti-corruption in the Russian Federation: current state and prospects

Fedulov I.N., Kvach S.S.


The subject of the article is the analysis of three main aspects of the fight against corruption: the prevention of corruption, the fight against corruption and minimizing the consequences of corruption offenses. Separate gaps in the legislation affecting the effectiveness of anti-corruption, mechanisms of interaction between government, business and society, which have as their goal the prevention of corruption, are examined. The role of civil society institutions in the fight against corruption, as well as the influence of the media on the perception of the image of a corrupt official, is examined. The problem of criminalizing the liability of legal entities for corruption offenses, the problem of applying such a criminal law measure as confiscation of the property of a corrupt official are touched upon. Briefly discussed are the possibilities of transferring to the legal field some aspects of corruption in the form of organizing lobbying activities. The authors also consider aspects of minimizing the social consequences of corruption.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):26-31
pages 26-31 views

Prevention of teenage suicides committed under the influence of the Internet

Akinina N.Y., Glushenko D.N.


The subject of the research is the reasons for the commission of unlawful acts provided for by Art. 110.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation committed on the Internet in relation to minors, as well as the existing system for the prevention of these illegal acts. The aim of the study is to develop proposals for improving the specified mechanism for preventing illegal acts. As a result of the study, it was concluded that the prevention of unlawful acts under Art. 110.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation committed on the Internet in relation to minors, should include the following components: detection and suppression of suicidal content; identifying individuals who are members of social network groups and taking part in “games”, and carefully withdrawing them from such communities; prevention of suicidal behavior with individuals who have committed suicide attempts and with their immediate surroundings. In addition, early prevention of minors and their parents of dangerous behavior on the Internet is of great importance.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):32-38
pages 32-38 views

Criminological features of the personality of the criminal

Senior Lecturer of Law Institute

Rozenko E.A.


The article analyzes the problems of countering destructive ideologies that have become widespread in the Russian society of the present time. These ideologies are criminal in nature, and predetermine the subsequent development of extremist and terrorist activities in the Russian Federation. Belonging of young people to this or that destructive ideology is directly reflected in their daily behavior. The author considers the features of the most socially dangerous destructive ideologies. One of the consequences of the spread of destructive currents is the development of hatred and (or) hostility to other persons on the basis of race, nationality, religion, creed and other characteristics. Propaganda of destructive ideologies pursues the purpose of involving new persons in various illegal associations. the large-Scale spread of destructive ideologies is caused by the processes of globalization, which have qualitative characteristics. In conclusion, proposals are made to improve the legal mechanism aimed at countering destructive ideologies.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):41-47
pages 41-47 views

Criminological characteristics of personality traits that commit retail sale of alcoholic beverages to minors

Berndt A.A.


The subject of the research is the criminological characteristics of convicts under art. 151.1 of the Criminal Code. The purpose is studying of analyze a new type of identity of the criminal offender, a feature of that is bringing of criminal responsibility for committing several similar administrative offenses. The study revealed specific socio-demographic characteristics of convicts under Art. 151.1 of the iCriminal Code, which account is necessary for the formation of a system for the prevention of such unlawful behavior. This is low level of education, age 30-49, crimes are committed, as a rule, by women of working specialties. An analysis of the social and role characteristics of convicts allowed to reveal the peculiarity of this crime, which has mainly a “female face”. This is due to the scope of activities, since women are mainly involved in trade. As a result of studying of moral and psychological characteristics of the convicts' personality, it was concluded that the sphere of commerce is sufficiently criminal, and this largely determines the formation of the criminal motivation of the convicts.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):48-53
pages 48-53 views

Regional features of criminological security

Criminological security of the region

Prozumentov L.M., Shesler A.V.


The subject of the study is the criminological security of the region as part of its public security. The purpose of the study is to define the concept of "criminological security of the region", as well as to identify priority areas of criminological security.As a result of the study, it was concluded that activities to ensure public safety in the region involve, firstly, identifying threats to the state of protection of the most important social values of the region, and secondly, assessing the scale and significance of these threats, predicting their dynamics and impact on social processes in region, thirdly, the preparation of a plan to counter these threats, fourthly, the specific activities of state and other entities to implement this plan.

Yugra State University Bulletin. 2019;15(3):57-61
pages 57-61 views

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