Comparison of visual function and patient satisfaction with AcrySof ReSTORSN6AD1 multifocal intraocular compared to monofocal intraocular lenses 5

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Abstract


Aim. To compare visual function and satisfaction in patients after implantation of AcrySof ReSTOR SN6AD1 multifocal intraocular lens (IOL), AcrySof SA60AТ spherical monofocal IOL, or Akreos АО aspheric monofocal IOL during cataract surgery.

Materials. Overall, 34 patients received SN6AD1 multifocal (group 1, 48 eyes), 19 patients received Akreos АО monofocal aspheric (group 2, 30 eyes), and 13 patients received AcrySof SA60AТ monofocal spherical (group 3, 18 eyes) IOL. Patients with multifocal IOL were closely matched for age, sex, and ocular findings with patients who had monofocal IOL implantation. Six months postoperatively, uncorrected/corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA/CDVA), uncorrected intermediate (60 cm) and near (35 cm) visual acuity (UNVA), defocus curve, contrast sensitivity, and a quality-of-life questionnaire were evaluated. Furthermore, independence from glasses and presence of optical phenomena were assessed.

Results. Patients in group 2 had statistically significant increase in UDVA than that in group 1 (p = 0.037). There was no significant difference in the mean uncorrected intermediate and best corrected distance visual acuities between the groups. UNVA was better in group 1 than that in groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.0001). Photopic contrast sensitivity for high spatial frequencies was better in groups 2 and 3. Glare was reported in 5.9% of patients in group 1. Halos occurred in 32.4% of patients in group 1. No one reported undesirable visual symptoms in groups 2 and 3.

Conclusion. Multifocal IOLs provided higher spectacle independence and satisfactory functional vision over a broad range of distances but were associated with increased subjective visual symptoms and reduced photopic contrast sensitivity for high spatial frequencies and distance visual quality compared with monofocal IOLs.

 


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About the authors

Aisa S Alchinova

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: aalchinova@mail.ru

Russian Federation

resident, Department of Ophthalmology

Ksenia Yu Morina

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Email: ksushka.90@mail.ru

Russian Federation

resident, Department of Ophthalmology

Vyacheslav V Rakhmanov

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Email: rakhmanoveyes@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

PhD, assistant, Department of Ophthalmology

Vitaly V Potemkin

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Email: potem@inbox.ru

Russian Federation

PhD, professor assistant, Department of Ophthalmology

Kirill V Khripun

Ophthalmologic Center of City hospital No 2

Email: kirdoc@mail.ru

Russian Federation

PhD, ophthalmologist

Elena V Meshveliani

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Email: lena_vm@inbox.ru

Russian Federation

resident, Department of Ophthalmology

Elena V Ageeva

FSBEI HE I.P. Pavlov SPbSMU MOH Russia

Email: ageeva_elena@inbox.ru

Russian Federation

resident, Department of Ophthalmology

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Copyright (c) 2016 Alchinova A.S., Morina K.Y., Rakhmanov V.V., Potemkin V.V., Khripun K.V., Meshveliani E.V., Ageeva E.V.

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