A multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of complication of hematogenous osteomyelitis in children

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Abstract


Background.

Severe orthopedic complications of osteomyelitis occurred in 22%–71.2% of children with osteomyelitis in previous studies. At the same time 26.5% of children with complications of osteomyelitis, according to data of The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, have multiple bone lesions. The challenges involved in the orthopedic treatment of musculoskeletal system disorders are diverse and complex. In some cases, inadequate attention is paid to the need to treat the facial bones of the skull, temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and jaw bones.

Aim.

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the need for a variety of options and to determine the best strategies for comprehensive medical rehabilitation, involving orthopedic and maxillofacial surgeons and other healthcare providers, for children with complications of osteomyelitis, who had destruction of the long tubular bones of the jaw.

Materials and methods.

Between 2011 and 2015 26 children (10 males and 16 females) aged 1.5–17 years with multiple localized lesions after osteomyelitis were treated in The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedic. In addition to severe orthopedic disorders, there has been a loss of TMJ, which resulted in severe functional impairment and impaired development of the facial bones of the skull.

Results.

There was a individualized approach to the treatment of pediatric patients with complications of osteomyelitis. Early diagnosis and proper treatment prevented severe changes in the musculoskeletal system and maxillofacial area in pediatric patients.

Conclusion.

The modern concept of comprehensive medical rehabilitation of children with complications of osteomyelitis should include an interdisciplinary approach involving orthopedic and maxillofacial surgeons. Early diagnosis in children ensures the timely formation of individualized rehabilitation programs, designed to improve the anatomical and functional characteristics of the affected bones. Along with comprehensive orthopedic treatment, bone-reconstructive surgery of the facial bones of the skull should be focused on restoration of chewing function, external respiration, speech, and facial esthetics.

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About the authors

Yury Garkavenko Garkavenko

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics; North-Western State Medical University n.a. I.I. Mechnikov

Author for correspondence.
Email: yurijgarkavenko@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, professor of the chair of pediatric traumatology and orthopedics. North-Western State Medical University n. a. I.I.Mechnikov, leading research associate of the department of bone pathology of The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics.

Mikhail G Semyonov

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics; North-Western State Medical University n.a. I.I. Mechnikov

Email: sem_mikhail@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, рrofessor, head of the department of maxillofacial surgery and surgical dentistry named after A.A. Limberg of North-Western State Medical University n. a. I.I.Mechnikov. Leading research associate of the of the department of maxillofacial surgery. The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics.

Darya О Troschieva

North-Western State Medical University n.a. I.I. Mechnikov

Email: troschieva_dariya@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD student of the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Surgical Dentistry n. a. AA. Limberg. North-West State Medical University n.a. II. Mechnikov

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Copyright (c) 2016 Garkavenko Y.G., Semyonov M.G., Troschieva D.О.

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