Malformations of the internal organs and systems in children with asymptomatic spinal dysraphism

Cover Page
  • Authors: Vissarionov S.V.1,2, Kokushin D.N.3, Bogatyrev T.B.3
  • Affiliations:
    1. The Turner Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
    2. North-Western State Medical University n. a. I. I. Mechnikov, Saint-Petersburg
    3. The Turner Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg
  • Issue: Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
  • Pages: 5-9
  • Section: Articles
  • URL: https://journals.eco-vector.com/turner/article/view/452
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.17816/PTORS325-9

Abstract


The purpose of research is to determine the prevalence of associated malformations in children with latent forms of spinal dysraphism.

Materials and methods.

The study involved 64 patients aged from 9 months to 17 years old. Clinical and radiological examination including MRI scan of spine and spinal canal were performed to evaluate the orthopaedic and neurological status of the patients.

Results.

Malformations of the spine were observed in 100 % of children, associated malformations of the organs and systems are found in 33 (52 %) patients. Herewith the malformations of the genitourinary system were revealed - in 52 % of patients, the musculoskeletal system - in 45 % of children, the cardiovascular system - in 39 %, the digestive system - 12 %, otolaryngology - 9 % and bronchopulmonary system - in 3 % of patients.

Conclusion.

Pediatric patients with latent forms of spinal dysraphism require detailed examination both on the part of the spine and the spinal canal and the internal organs and systems. The most prevalent malformations included those of genitourinary, musculoskeletal (appendicular skeleton) and cardiovascular systems.


Sergei Valentinovich Vissarionov

The Turner Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation; North-Western State Medical University n. a. I. I. Mechnikov, Saint-Petersburg

Author for correspondence.
Email: turner01@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, professor, Deputy Director for Research and Academic Affairs, head of the department of spinal pathology and neurosurgery. The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics. Professor of the chair pediatric traumatology and orthopedics. North-Western State Medical University n. a. I. I. Mechnikov

Dmitriy Nikolaevich Kokushin

The Turner Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg

Email: turner01@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, research associate of the department of spinal pathology and neurosurgery. The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Timur Bagaudinovich Bogatyrev

The Turner Institute for Children’s Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg

Email: turner01@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD student of the department of spinal pathology and neurosurgery. The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

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