Vol 77, No 5 (2010)


Adaptive technical equipping of rural commodity producers

Lipkovich E.I.


The purpose of this work was to study: interrelation of different levels of technical equipping concerning agricultural enterprises in which various groups of agricultural population are occupied; influences of technical equipping characteristics and some environment factors on the base technologies and their groups in agricultural works. Expenditure of energy by the operator at work in social production and in personal subsidiary plot are determined. Advantages of one-stage technologies of harvesting with green manuring or soil preprocessing are shown. The possibility of using one-stage technologies on the basis of new high-efficiency combine harvester RSM-181 with axial-rotor thresher is proved. Base technological complexes of machines concerning all five groups of rural commodity producers are constructed.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):3-7
pages 3-7 views

Agritechnica-2009: global trends of gardening mechanization

Bychkov V.V., Kadykalo G.I.


An overview of new products for gardening mechanization presented at the International Agricultural Exhibition Agritechnica-2009 is given.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):8-11
pages 8-11 views

An improved seed distributor for sowing corn for silage

Sheveriov Y.Y., Bashkirev A.P.


In view of the phased increase in field units' operating speeds it was necessary to explore the work of seed distributor on a specially made laboratory plant and in working conditions.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):11-13
pages 11-13 views

Technology of seed potato treatment in the chute chamber

Klimenko V.N., Petrovets V.R., Chaychits N.V., Sergeyev V.S.


The results of experimental studies are brought, which have confirmed the possibility of minimizing the application of working fluid on potato tubers under treatment. The article suggests a method of seed tubers wet treatment and a design of treater with disk blower sprayer and chute chamber.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):13-17
pages 13-17 views

Feeding device of machine for liquid organic fertilizers application

Podshivalenko I.L., Gaydukov V.A., Troyanov V.V.


The results of study of an experimental plant based on tractor cistern spreader of liquid organic fertilizers with rod distributing system are given. Characteristics of a centrifugal pump and pump assembly are brought.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):17-18
pages 17-18 views

Versatile cabbage harvesting machine

Kostyuchenkova O.N.


The need of a versatile cabbage harvesting machine development is shown. The description of machine designs is given, main operational data is brought.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):19-20
pages 19-20 views

Power indices of tractor in traction-and-driving unit

Serzin I.F., Arsenyev G.M.


A way of estimation of complex agricultural unit's power balance components and of traction and power capacities of tractors is considered.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):21-23
pages 21-23 views

Discrepancy of kinematics of turning steering wheels and efficiency of running gears for wheeled machines

Dubovik D.A.


The method of quantitative estimation of influence of steering wheels turning kinematics mismatch on the efficiency of running gears for wheeled machines is developed. Results of application of this method on the off-road vehicle with 8х8 wheel formula and two front steered axles are presented.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):24-27
pages 24-27 views

Identification of parameters of dynamic movement model for tractor-trailer system on the turn

Gamayunov P.P., Alekseyev S.A., Lukyanov A.A., Gamayunova Y.P.


Results of use of mathematical autoregressive methods of identification of parameters of dynamic mathematical models are considered according to experiment of curvilinear movement of tractor-trailer system on the turn. Dynamic mathematical models of movement of tractor-trailer system are presented by the system of differential equations in the vector matrix form of statuses space variables. The rating of accuracy of models is executed.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):27-29
pages 27-29 views

Comparative assessment of some variants of stepless turning mechanism for caterpillar farm tractor

Lysov A.M.


The article describes three variants of kinematic diagrams of stepless turning mechanisms of caterpillar tractor, based on two planetary gears with outer and inner engaging gears with different application of their elements to serve input, output and control links and driving of control link from hydrostatic motor. The results of their comparision and assessment are brought.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):30-35
pages 30-35 views

Designing a gas distribution mechanism for motor and tractor diesel

Makushin A.A.


An analysis of problems to be solved in the design, production and operation of modern four-stroke motor and tractor diesel's gas distribution mechanism.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):35-40
pages 35-40 views

Dynamic simulation of grain combine harvester

Smirnov V.P.


The derived mathematical model of grain combine harvester dynamics allowed to calculate load times resulting in its drives and angular velocities for the synchronization of all its components and mechanisms in the process.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):41-45
pages 41-45 views

Some results of observing the work of thrashing and separating devices

Doronin Y.F.


The article analyzes main reasons of grain damage and loss in threshing and separating devices of various types. It gives some recommendations on the use of transverse threshing drums.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):45-46
pages 45-46 views

Reducing grain damage during the separation with ascending air stream

Gimadiyev A.M.


Authors reveal the main causes of excessive grain damage during its processing in grain cleaning machines. They suggest a design of pneumatic separator based on the using of air stream which separates grain and other bulk materials, it allows to reduce the seed damage by decreasing the critical speed of fracture initiation.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):46-48
pages 46-48 views

An analysis of energy consumption for the displacement of soil in vertical plane with a mouldboard during the ploughing

Nikolayev V.A., Yurkov M.M.


The mouldboard shifts the soil layer in vertical plane during the ploughing. The shear plane passes through the not undercut mass, which causes high wastes of energy. The offered construction of plough (patent №2335107) allows to reduce the energy consumption.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):49-51
pages 49-51 views

Mathematical modeling of geometric dimensions of thermal chambers for infrared installations

Filatov V.V.


The technique of estimation and calculation of geometrical sizes of infrared equipment thermal chambers is developed. The dimensionless coefficient of infrared equipment using, and also the dimensionless index of thermal chamber are suggested as criterions of optimality. On the basis of the described technique an experimental thermal chamber for infrared installation is developed. Analytical and experimental researches of its basic parameters are carried out.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):51-54
pages 51-54 views

The quality of soil cultivation by disk working members

Kobyakov I.D.


Using a new method for the soil cultivation quality assessment will allow to adjust, quickly and reliably, the instrument for soil loosening and weeds cutting according to the agrotechnical requirements. And for the operation quality control it is sufficient to count the uncut plants at one plot.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):55-56
pages 55-56 views

The 80th anniversary of I.A. Dolgov

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Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):7-
pages 7- views

Automation and information support conference

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14-16 сентября 2010 года в г. Углич Минсельхоз РФ, Россельхозакадемия, ВИМ и Росинформагротех проводят ХI Международную научно-практическую конференцию «Автоматизация и информационное обеспечение производственных процессов в сельском хозяйстве».
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):20-
pages 20- views

International forum «Engineering Technologies 2010»

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С 30 июня по 4 июля в г. Жуковский (Московская обл.), на территории ТВК «Россия» пройдет I Международный форум «Технологии в машиностроении - 2010».
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(5):48-
pages 48- views

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