Pregnancy planning in women with diabetes mellitus type 2

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Abstract


The aim of the study: to evaluate the role of pregnancy planning in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in improvement of pregnancy and birth outcomes.

Material and methods. 80 women with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were referred to the centre “Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy” in Ott’s Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology were examined.

Results. In the group of women who underwent pre-pregnancy counseling, the course and outcome of pregnancy were significantly better. Since the frequency of gestosis was lower (60%) than in the group without pregnancy planning (86.7%), there was no gestosis of severe degree in the group of women who underwent pre-pregnancy counseling (in the group without pregnancy planning the rate of gestosis of moderate and severe degree was 25%). Frequency of preterm delivery was lower (15%) in the group of women who underwent pre-pregnancy counseling than in the group without pregnancy planning (38.3%). Also in the group of women who underwent pre-pregnancy counseling there were no fetal congenital malformations, neonatal hypoglycemic events and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (in the group without pregnancy planning these indicators were respectively − 3.4; 28.8; 3.4%. Also in the group of women who underwent pre-pregnancy counseling there were no perinatal mortality (in the group without pregnancy planning this indicator was 3.4%.

Conclusion: pregnancy planning in patients with diabetes mellitus significantly improves the course and outcome of pregnancy.


Natalya V. Borovik

Author for correspondence.
borovik1970@yandex.ru
FSBSI “The Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott”
Russian Federation, 3, Mendeleevskaya line, Saint Petersburg, 199034

PhD, endocrinologist Dr. at the Department of Endocrinology

Olga B. Glavnova

o.glavnova@mail.ru
FSBSI “The Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott”
Russian Federation, 3, Mendeleevskaya line, Saint Petersburg, 199034

endocrinologist Dr. at the Department of Endocrinology

Alena V. Tiselko

alenadoc@mail.ru
FSBSI “The Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott”
Russian Federation, 3, Mendeleevskaya line, Saint Petersburg, 199034

PhD, senior researcher at the Department of Endocrinology

Svetlana V. Suslova

sv07s@mail.ru
FSBSI “The Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott”
Russian Federation, 3, Mendeleevskaya line, Saint Petersburg, 199034

endocrinologist Dr. at the Department of Endocrinology

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