Effect of the combined preparation Terzhinan® on microorganisms isolated from the urogenital tract of women. In vitro experiment

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Abstract


Introduction. The study is in vitro experiment, aimed to determine antibiotic susceptibility of microorganisms isolated from the urogenital tract of women to the combination of substances included in the preparation Terzhinan.

Methods. In total, 516 microorganism strains isolated from the vagina of reproductive age women have been tested: Candida spp. (n = 83), bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae (n = 138), Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 72), Enterococcus spp. (n = 147), Staphylococcus spp. (n = 37), Actinomyces urogenitalis (n = 7), Gardnerella vaginalis (n = 27), Atopobium vaginae (n = 5). Suspensions of each strain in a volume of 0.5 ml (0.5 according to McFarland) were applied onto culture medium (Muller-Hinton Agar or 5% Blood Muller-Hinton Agar). Furthermore, serial dilutions of Terzhinan were applied with a calibrated loop onto three sectors. Petri dishes were then incubated at 37 °С for 24 h. The results were evaluated visually, by measuring growth inhibition zones.

Results. The majority of Candida albicans isolates were susceptible (S) to the preparation, using both undiluted and diluted (10 and 100 times) preparation. Terzhinan without dilution and in the dilution 1:10 was 100% effective against all tested bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Susceptibility of gram positive bacteria to the antibiotics included in Terzhinan, was 74.1%. All isolates of staphylococci, including Staphylococcus aureus, were susceptible. The frequency of susceptible strains of Streptococcus agalactiae and Enterococcus spp. was 70%. All clinical isolates of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae were susceptible to the combinations of antibiotics included in the preparation Terzhinan, which is in agreement with data on its high efficiency in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis.

Conclusions. In in vitro experiment, the combined preparation Terzhinan showed high activity against major groups of microorganisms isolated from the vagina including pathological conditions, such as bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginitis of different etiology.


Alevtina M. Savicheva

Author for correspondence.
savitcheva@mail.ru
Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Honoured Worker of Science of Russia, Professor, MD, Head of the Laboratory of Microbiology

Elena V. Spasibova

elena.rybina@gmail.com
Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Bacteriologist of the Laboratory of Microbiology

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