Prevalence and clinical typology of separation anxiety disorder in adults

Abstract


Aim: To assess the prevalence of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults on an outpatient psychiatric network, to study clinical and psychological characteristics and comorbidity depending on the age at which the disorder began.

Methods: Using clinical-psychopathological and psychometric methods, 366 outpatients over 18 years of age were examined.

Results: The received data testify to high rates of prevalence and comorbidity of SAD, to essential decrease in quality of life of investigated patients. Among the personality traits, negative affectivity and vulnerability to separation prevailed. It is noted that the childhood onset of SAD is associated with greater severity of separation anxiety in adults, a wider range of comorbid disorders, and lower quality of life enjoyment and satisfaction.

Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of SAD in adult patients in the outpatient network. The results obtained are important for classification, clinical identification, and the development of therapeutic approaches.


About the authors

Inna Anatolevna Arkusha

Federal State Budgetary Institution « V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: innarkusha@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8761-6849

Russian Federation, 119034, Russia, Moskow, Kropotkinskiy per., d. 23

junior researcher of therapy of mental and behaviour disorders department

Alla Sergeevna Avedisova

Federal State Budgetary Institution « V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: aavedisova@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7940-3712

Russian Federation, 119034, Russia, Moskow, Kropotkinskiy per., d. 23

Professor, Head of therapy of mental and behavior disorders department

Ksenia Valerevna Zakharova

Federal State Budgetary Institution « V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: ksushkaa@bk.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6756-735X

Russian Federation, 119034, Russia, Moskow, Kropotkinskiy per., d. 23

Ph.D, Senior researcher of therapy of mental and behaviour disorders department

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Copyright (c) 2019 Arkusha I.A., Avedisova A.S., Zakharova K.V.

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