Tuberculosis of the male genital organs

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Introduction. Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system is still of importance. The observed decrease in the incidence of urogenital tuberculosis is largely due to the inaccuracies of registering this disease. Materials and methods. A retrospective cohort comparative noninterventional study of the structure of urogenital tuberculosis in the Siberian and Far Eastern federal districts was carried out. We analyzed statistical reports from 2003 to 2015, which included data for a total of 456 patients, as well as extended questionnaires compiled specifically for this study. In addition, outpatient records of 95 patients with urogenital tuberculosis who were registered at the Novosibirsk Regional Tuberculosis Dispensary by 01/01/2022 were evaluated. Results. An analysis of the structure of urogenital tuberculosis from 2003 to 2015 showed that urinary system was affected in the most of cases (n=314, 68.8%). Tuberculosis of male and female genital organs took the second place (n=101, 22.2%) patients. Generalized urogenital tuberculosis was diagnosed in 41 (9%) patients. From 2003 to 2008, the proportion of renal tuberculosis increased by 12.6%, but then a significant decrease in its proportion was found (82.2% in 2008 vs. 48.6% in 2015 [χ2=12.71; p=0.0004]). On the contrary, in 2003 the proportion of genital tuberculosis was 18% (n=18) compared to 29.1% (n=3) in 2015 (χ2=3.46; p=0.06). In 2015, generalized forms of urogenital tuberculosis were diagnosed in 23 (22.3%) patients, which is approximately 2.5 times more than in 2003 (n=9; 9%) and 2008 (n=7; 6.6%) (χ2> 6.46; p<0.01). The proportion of prostate tuberculosis ranged from 0 in 2003 and 7.1% in 2008 to 54.2% in 2013. In 2003, tuberculosis of the scrotum was diagnosed in 100% of men with genital tuberculosis, while in 2013 and 2015 its proportion was 25%. In total, scrotal tuberculosis during whole follow-up was diagnosed in 26 patients, which accounted for 41.9% of all male genital tuberculosis. The combination of tuberculosis of the scrotum and prostate also varied significantly from 17.3 to 35.7%. Generalized urogenital tuberculosis was diagnosed with a minimum proportion (1.4%) in 2008, then there was an upward trend with a maximum rate in 2015 (22.3%, x2=29.38; p<0.0001). Among 95 patients with tuberculosis of the urinary and male reproductive system, who were followed by the phthisiourologist of Novosibirsk Regional Tuberculosis Dispensary, 34 (35.8%) had a diagnosis of kidney tuberculosis, 42 (44.2%) had isolated tuberculosis of the male genital organs, and the remaining 19 (20.0%) men had generalized urogenital tuberculosis. In total, HIV infection was detected in 23 (24.2%) patients with urogenital tuberculosis, and among patients with kidney tuberculosis, it was diagnosed in 7 (20.6%) cases compared to 9 (21.4%) cases in those with male sexual tuberculosis. In patients with generalized urogenital tuberculosis, HIV infection was detected almost 2 times more often, namely in 7 (36.8%) cases. Conclusion. Patients with urogenital tuberculosis are under follow-up of urologists for a long time with erroneous diagnoses, and only when the disease becomes irreversible and requires surgical intervention, the pathomorphological study of the surgical material will allow to make a proper diagnosis.

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E. V Kulchavenya

TB Research Institute of Ministry of Health of Russia; GBOU VPO Novosibirsk State Medical University of Ministry of Health of Russia

Ph.D., MD, professor, Chief Researcher; Head of the Department of Urology, professor at Department of Tuberculosis Novosibirsk, Russia; Novosibirsk, Russia

S. Yu Shevchenko

TB Research Institute of Ministry of Health of Russia; Novosibirsk Regional Tuberculosis Dispensary

Ph.D., senior researcher; urologist Novosibirsk, Russia; Novosibirsk, Russia


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