On Docetic Christology in Early Christianity. Pt. 2.2

Cover Page

Abstract

According to the doctrine of so-called docetic Christology, earthly Jesus and heavenly Christ were two different persons. It was Jesus who suffered on the cross, Christ just entered Jesus’ body for a while and abandoned it before his death on the cross; consequently, suffering of Christ was mere appearance. On the base of some passages from Gnostic texts containing examples of docetic Chrstology, the author attempts here to trace the origin of that concept, starting with the New Testament (Pt. 1: Synoptic Gospels). In the previous part of the article (Pt. 2. 1) he analyzed such Paul’s passages as Rom. 1.3–4 and Gal. 4.4–7; in this part he deals with 1Cor 8.4–6 in order to find out whether the concept of pre-existent Jesus is present or not. The author argues in favour of the second answer. To be continued.

About the authors

Alexandr L. Khosroyev

Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: akhos@mail.ru

Dr. Sci. (History), Researcher-in-Chief of the Department of Middle
Eastern and Near Eastern Studies

Russian Federation, Dvortsovaia naberezhnaia 18, St. Petersburg, 191186

References

  1. Alasciano, Brian J. Paul’s Use of the Old Testament in Romans 9. 1–9: An Intertextual and Theological Exegesis. London: T&T Clark, 2005 (JSNT. Suppl. Ser. 301) (in English).
  2. Alasciano, Brian J. Paul’s Use of the Old Testament in Romans 9. 10–18: An Intertextual and Theological Exegesis. London: T&T Clark, 2011 (JSNT. Suppl. Ser. 317) (in English).
  3. Arndt, William F. and Gingrich F. Wilbur. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. A Translation and Adaptation of the Fourth Revised and Augmented Ed. of W. Bauer’s Griechisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch… Ed. revised and augmented by F.W. Gingrich and F.W. Danker. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1958 (in English).
  4. Bring, Ragnar. “Paul and the Old Testament. A Study of the Ideas of Election, Faith and Law in Paul, with Special Reference to Romans 9:30–10.30”. ST, 1971, vol. 25, pp. 21–60 (in English).
  5. Byrne, Brendan. “Christ’s Pre-Existence in Pauline Soteriology”. Theological Studies, 1997, vol. 58, pp. 308–330 (in English).
  6. Caird, George Bradford. Rev.: E.P. Sanders. “Paul and Palestinian Judaism”. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977. JTS, 1978, vol. 29, pp. 538–543 (in English).
  7. Charlesworth, James H. Paul, the Jewish Apocalypses, and Apocalyptic Christology. Paul the Jew.
  8. Rereading the Apostle as a Figure of Second Temple Judaism. Ed. by G. Boccaccini & C.A. Segovia. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2016 (in English).
  9. Childs, Brevard S. Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979 (in English).
  10. Collins, John J. The Scepter and the Star. Messianism in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans Publ. Comp., 2010 (in English).
  11. Collins, John J. The Invention of Judaism. Torah and Jewish Identity from Deuteronomy to Paul. Oakland: University of California Press, 2017 (in English).
  12. Conzelmann, Hans. Der erste Brief an die Korinther. 2. Aufl. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1981 (in German).
  13. Dunn, James D.G. Christology in the Making. A New Testament Inquiry into the Origins of the Doctrine of the Incarnation. 2nd ed. London: SCM Press Ltd, 1989 (in English).
  14. Eissfeldt, Otto. Einleitung in das Alte Testament. 3., neubearb. Aufl. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1964 (in German).
  15. Ellis, Edward Earle. “Traditions in Corinthians”. NTS, 1986, vol. 32, pp. 481–502 (in English).
  16. Ellis, Edward Earle. The Sovereignty of God in Salvation. Biblical Essays. London: T&T Clark, 2009 (in English).
  17. Fee, Goward D. The First Epistle to the Corinthians. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans Publ. Comp., 1987 (in English).
  18. Fitzmyer, Joseph A. First Corinthians. A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. New Haven–London: Yale University Press, 2008 (The Anchor Yale Bible, Vol. 32) (in English).
  19. Fuller, Reginald. “The Conception / Birth of Jesus as a Christological Moment”. JSNT, 1978, vol. 1, pp. 37–52 (in English).
  20. Furnish, Victor Paul. Jesus according to Paul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 (in English).
  21. Gager, John G. “Some Notes on Paul’s Conversion”. NTS, 1981, vol. 27, pp. 697–704 (in English).
  22. Georgi, Dieter. “The Early Church: Internal Jewish Migration or New Religion?” HTR, 1995, vol. 88, pp. 35–68 (in English).
  23. Giblin, Charles H. “Three Monotheistic Texts in Paul”. CBQ, 1975, vol. 37, pp. 527–547 (in English).
  24. Hamerton-Kelly, Robert Gerald. A Study of the Idea of Pre-Existence in the New Testament. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973 (SNTS, Monograph Ser. 21) (in English).
  25. Hengel, Martin. Der Sohn Gottes. Die Entstehung der Christologie und die jüdisch-hellenistische Religionsgeschichte. 2. Aufl. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1975 (in German).
  26. Horbury, William. Jews and Christians in Contact and Controversy. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1998 (in English).
  27. Horsley, Richard A. 1 Corinthians. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998 (Abingdon New Testament Commentaries) (in English).
  28. Howard, George E. “Christ the End of the Law: The Meaning of Romans 10:4 ff.”. JBL, 1969, vol. 88, pp. 331–337 (in English).
  29. Hurtado L.W. Pre-existence. Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Ed. by G.W. Hawthorne et al. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1993 (in English).
  30. Hurtado, Larry W. Paul’s Messianic Christology. Paul the Jew (см.: Charlesworth 2016), pp. 107–131 (in English).
  31. Lang, Friedrich. Die Briefe an die Korinther. Übersetzt und erklärt. Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 1986 (in German).
  32. Langkammer, Hugolinus. “Literarische und theologische Einzelstücke in I Kor. VIII.6”. NTS, 1971, vol. 19, pp. 193–197 (in German).
  33. Lilly, Joseph L. “The Conversion of Saint Paul. The Validity of His Testimony to the Resurrection of Jesus Christ”. CBQ, 1944, vol. 6, pp. 180–204 (in English).
  34. Marulli, Luca. Paul and His Jewish Identity: An Overview. Spes Christiana, 22–23, 2011/2012, pp. 85–104 (in English).
  35. Metzger, Bruce. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. 3rd ed. Stuttgart: United Bible Societies, 1975 (in English).
  36. Munck, Johannes. “La vocation de l’Apôtre Paul”. ST, 1947, vol. 1, pp. 131–145 (in French).
  37. Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. “I Cor., VIII.6: Cosmology or Soteriology”. RB, 1978, vol. 85, pp. 253–267 (in English).
  38. Norden, Eduard. Agnostos Theos. Untersuchungen zur Formengeschichte religiöser Rede. Leipzig–Berlin: Teubner, 1913 (in German).
  39. O’Collins, Gerald. Christology. A Biblical, Historical, and Systematic Study of Jesus. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009 (in English).
  40. Richardson, Neil. Paul’s Language about God. Sheffield: Academic Press, 1994 (JSNT. Suppl. Ser., 99) (in English).
  41. Robertson, Archibald and Plummer, Alfred. A Critical Commentary on the First Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1914 (in English).
  42. Schmiedel, Paul Wilhelm. Die Briefe an die Thessalonicher und an die Korinther. 2. verbessert und vermehrte Aufl. Freiburg i.B. & Leipzig: J.C.B. Mohr, 1893 (Hand-Commentar zum Neuen Testament, Bd. 2, 1. Abth.) (in German).
  43. Schnelle, Ugo. Theology of the New Testament. Transl. by M.E. Boring. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2009 (in English).
  44. Schnelle, Ugo. Paulus. Leben und Denken. 2. Aufl. Berlin et al.: Walter de Gruyter, 2014 (in German).
  45. Schweitzer, Albert. Geschichte der Paulinischen Forschung von der Reformation bis auf die Gegenwart. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1911 (in German).
  46. Stanley, David M. “The Theme of the Servant of Yahweh in Primitive Christian Soteriology, and Its Transposition by St. Paul”. CBQ, 1954, vol. 16, pp. 385–425 (in English).
  47. Stanton, Graham N. Jesus of Nazareth in New Testament Preaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974 (SNTS, Monograph Ser. 27) (in English).
  48. Stendahl, Krister. Paul Among Jews and Gentiles. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1976 (in English).
  49. Stuhlmacher, Peter. Der Brief an die Römer. Göttingen–Zürich: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1989 (in German).
  50. Talbert, Charles H. Reading Corinthians. A Literary and Theological Commentary. Rev. ed. Macon: Smyth & Helwys Publ., 2002 (in English).
  51. Thielman, Frank. From Plight to Solution. A Jewish Framework for Understanding Paul’s View of the Law in Galatians and Romans. Leiden et al.: Brill, 1989 (Supplements to NT, 61) (in English).
  52. Thiselton, Antony C. The First Epistle to the Corinthians. A Commentary on the Greek Text. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans Publ. Comp., 2000 (in English).
  53. Weiss, Johannes. Der erste Korintherbrief. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1910 (in German).
  54. Weiss, Johannes. Das Urchristentum. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1917 (in German).
  55. Wilckens, Ulrich. “Die Bekehrung des Paulus als religionsgeschichtliches Problem”. ZThK, 1959, vol. 56, pp. 273–293 (in German).
  56. Zetterholm, Magnus. Paul within Judaism: The State of the Questions. Paul within Judaism. Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle. Ed. by M.D. Nanos et al. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2015 (in English).

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 137

PDF (Russian): 50

Dimensions

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies